BECK index


by Sanderson Beck


Purposes and Motives
Philosophical Premises and Methods


Metaphysical Foundation
Universal Values
Applying Universal Values

Prehistoric Cultures

Evolution of Life
Human Evolution
Lemuria and Atlantis

Sumer, Babylon, and Hittites

Sargon the Akkadian
Sumerian Revival
Sumerian Literature
Epic of Gilgamesh
Isin, Larsa, Eshnunna, Mari, Assur, and Babylon
Hammurabi's Babylon
Kassites, Hurrians, and Assyria
Babylonian Literature


Old Kingdom
Middle Kingdom
Hyksos Shepherd Kings
New Kingdom Empire
Egypt 1085-323 BC
Early Egyptian Literature
Book of the Dead
Later Egyptian Literature


Conquest of Canaan
David and the Psalms
Solomon and the Wisdom Books
Israel and Judah Divided
Amos, Hosea, Isaiah and Micah
Judah's Fall and Jeremiah
Ezekiel and Babylonian Isaiah
Jews in the Persian Empire

Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian Empires

Assyrian Empire
Babylonian Empire
Persian Empire to 500 BC
Persian-Greek Wars
Parthian Empire
Mani and Manichaeism
Sasanian Empire

Muhammad and Islamic Conquest

Muhammad in Mecca
Muhammad in Medina at War 622-628
Muhammad Triumphant 628-632
Qur'an and Hadith
Islamic Wars in the Near East 632-661
Umayyad Caliphate 661-750

Abbasid, Buyid, and Seljuk Empires 750-1095

'Abbasid Caliphate 750-945
Umayyad Spain and Fatimid Africa
Samanids, Ghaznavids, Buyids, and Seljuqs
Mirrors for Princes
Nizam al-Mulk's Rules for Kings
Firdausi's Shah-nameh
Sufis: Rabi'a, Al-Hallaj, and Qushayri
Al-Razi, Al-Farabi, and Miskawayh
Avicenna, Ibn Hazm, and ibn Gabirol
1001 Nights and 'Umar Khayyam's Ruba'iyat

Islamic Culture 1095-1300

Middle East during the Crusades
Al-Ghazali's Mystical Ethics
Ibn Tufayl, Averroes, and Al-Tusi
Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed
Sufism of Gilani, Suhrawardi, and Ibn 'Arabi
Sufi Literature of Sana'i and 'Attar
Rumi's Masnavi and Discourses
Sa'di's Rose Garden and Orchard

Ottoman and Persian Empires 1300-1730

Ottoman Empire to 1451
Ottoman Empire 1451-1520
Ottoman Empire Under Sulayman
Ottoman Empire 1566-1617
Ottoman Empire 1617-1730
Persia in the 14th Century
Timur and the Timurids
Safavid Persian Empire

Ottoman and Persian Empires 1730-1875

Wahhabis and Saudi Arabia
Ottoman Decline 1730-1826
Ottoman Reforms 1826-1875
Persia of Nadir and Zands 1730-1794
Persia Under Qajars 1794-1875
Bábis and Bahá'u'lláh

Africa to 1500

Nubia and Ethiopia to 1500
Sub-Saharan Africa to 1500
Traditional African Ethics
North Africa to 900
North Africa 900-1300
North Africa 1300-1500
Ibn Khaldun on History

Africa and Slavery 1500-1800

Egypt Under the Ottomans
Ethiopia and Eastern Sudan
Tunisia and Tripoli
Western and Central Sudan
West Africa and Slavery
Gold Coast, Asante, and Slavery
Niger Coast and Slavery
East Africa, Portuguese, and Arabs
Southern Africa, Portuguese, and Dutch

Africa and Europeans 1800-1875

Egypt of Muhammad 'Ali
North Africa and Europeans
Islam in Western Sudan
Asante, British, and the Gold Coast
East Africa, Arabs, and Europeans
Southern Africans and Zulus
British and Boers in South Africa

Summary and Evaluation

Ancient Near East
Muslim Middle East 610-1875
Africa to 1875
Evaluating the Middle East and Africa to 1875


Middle East & Africa to 1875 has been published as a book .
For ordering information, please click here.


BECK index