BECK index

Europe & Reform 1517-1588


General and Miscellaneous
Eastern Europe
Spain and Portugal
England, Scotland, and Ireland

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General and Miscellaneous

Age of the Renaissance,  The ed. Denys Hay. New York, 1967.
Bainton, Roland H., Erasmus of Christendom. New York, 1969.
Bainton, Roland H. The Reformation of the Sixteenth Century. Boston, 1952.
Brock, Peter, Freedom from Violence: Sectarian Nonresistance from the Middle Ages to the Great War. Toronto, 1991.
Butler’s Lives of the Saints ed. Michael Walsh. San Francisco, 1985.
Cambridge Modern History, The, Volumes 1-3. ed. Lord Acton et al. New York, 1902, 1903, 1905.
Cambridge History of Christianity, The, Volume 6: Reform and Expansion 1500-1660. Cambridge, 2007.
Cameron, Euan, The European Reformation. Oxford, 2012.
Caron, M. and S. Hutin, The Alchemists tr. Helen R. Lane. New York, 1961.
Chadwick, Owen, The Reformation. London, 1972.
Christian Ethics ed. Waldo Beach and H. Richard Niebuhr. New York, 1955.
Cohn, Norman, The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary messianism in medieval and Reformation Europe and its bearing on modern totalitarian movements. New York, 1961.
Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 3 Late Mediaeval and Renaissance Philosophy, Part 2 The Revival of Platonism to Suarez. Garden City, 1953.
Daniel-Rops, Henri, The Protestant Reformation tr. Audrey Butler, 2 volumes. Garden City, 1961.
DeMolen, Richard L., The Spirituality of Erasmus of Rotterdam. Den Haag, 1987.
Development of Civilization, The: A Documentary History of Politics, Society, and Thought, Volume 1 ed. Harry J. Carroll, Jr. et al. Chicago, 1961.
Dickens, A. G., Reformation and Society in Sixteenth-century Europe. Norwich, 1966.
Durant, Will, The Age of Reason Begins: A History of European Civilization in the Period of Shakespeare, Bacon, Montaigne, Rembrandt, Galileo, and Descartes: 1558-1648. New York, 1961.
Durant, Will, The Reformation: A History of European Civilization from Wyclif to Calvin: 1300-1564. New York, 1957.
Durant, Will, The Renaissance: A History of Civilization in Italy from 1304-1576 A.D. New York, 1953.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 30 volumes. Chicago, 1975.
Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 volumes ed. Paul Edwards. New York, 1967.
Encyclopedia of World History, An ed. William L. Langer. Boston, 1980.
Erasmus ed. Richard L. DeMolen. New York, 1973.
Erasmus and Cambridge: The Cambridge Letters of Erasmus tr. D. F.  S. Thompson. Toronto, 1963.
Erasmus, Collected Works of, Volume 26: Literary and Educational Writings ed. J. K. Souris. Toronto, 1985.
Erasmus, Desiderius, The Praise of Folly and Other Writings tr. Robert M. Adams. New York, 1989.
Erasmus of Rotterdam: The Man and the Scholar ed. J. Sperna Weiland and W. Th. M. Frijhoff. Leiden, 1988.
Erasmus Reader, The ed. Erika Rummel. Toronto, 1990.
Erasmus, Ten Colloquies tr. Craig R. Thompson. Indianapolis, 1957.
Erasmus, The Essential tr. John P. Dolan. New York, 1964.
Froude, James Anthony, Life and Letters of Erasmus. New York, 1894.
Gordon, Walter M., Humanist Play and Belief: The Seriocomic Art of Desiderius Erasmus. Toronto, 1990.
Graetz, Heinrich, History of the Jews, Volume 4. Philadelphia, 1894.
Great Voices of the Reformation: An Anthology ed. Harry Emerson Fosdick. New York, 1952.
Hughes, Philip, The Church in Crisis: A History of the General Councils 325-1870. Garden City, 1961.
Huizinga, Johan, Erasmus and the Age of  Reformation tr. F. Hopman. New York, 1924.
Leon, Vicki, Uppity Women of the Renaissance. Boston, 1999.
Lucas, Henry S., The Renaissance and the Reformation. New York, 1960.
Manchester, William, A World Lit Only by Fire: The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance. Boston, 1993.
Masterpieces of Catholic Literature in Summary Form ed. Frank N. Magill. New York, 1965.
Masterplots, 15 volumes ed. Frank N. Magill. New York, 1964.
Michelet, Jules, Satanism and Witchcraft: A Study in Medieval Superstition. Secaucus, 1939.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume 1: The Renaissance 1493-1520. Cambridge, 1957.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume 2: The Reformation 1520-1559. Cambridge, 1958.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume 3: The Counter-Reformation 1559-1610. Cambridge, 1968.
Nimmo, Duncan, Reform and Division in the Medieval Franciscan Order (1226-1538). Rome, 1987.
Pirenne, Henri, A History of Europe from the Invasions to the XVI Century tr. Bernard Miall. New York, 1936.
Portable Renaissance Reader, The ed. James Bruce Ross and Mary Martin McLaughlin. New York, 1953.
Rachum, Ilan, The Renaissance: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. New York, 1979.
Reformation, The: A narrative history related by contemporary observers and participants ed. Hans J. Hillerbrand. Ann Arbor, 1978.
Reformation Crisis, The ed. Joel Hurstfield. New York, 1965.
Reformation Reader, A, ed. Denis R. Janz. Minneapolis, 2008.
Reformation World, The ed. Andrew Pettegree. London, 2000.
Renaissance Characters ed. Eugenio Garin. Chicago, 1991.
Renaissance Humanism: Foundations, Forms, and Legacy, 3 volumes ed. Albert Rabil, Jr. Philadelphia, 1988.
Russoli, Franoc, Renaissance Painting. New York, 1962.
Schaff, David S., History of the Christian Church, Volumes 7-8. Grand Rapids, 1910.
Smith, Preserved, The Age of the Reformation. New York, 1920.
Smith, Preserved, Erasmus: A Study of His Life, Ideals and Place in History. New York, 1923.
Tawney, R. H. Religion and the Rise of Capitalism. New York, 1954.
Times Atlas of World History, The ed. Geoffrey Barraclough. Maplewood, 1984.
Tracy, James D., Erasmus of the Low Countries. Berkeley, 1996.
Tracy, James D., Erasmus: The Growth of a Mind. Geneva, 1972.
Trager, James, The People’s Chronology. New York, 1992.
Williams, Neville, Chronology of the Expanding World 1492 to 1762. New York, 1969.
Wisdom of Catholicism, The ed. Anton C. Pegis. New York, 1949.
Wisdom of Israel, The, ed. Lewis Browne. New York, 1945.
Woodward, William Harrison, Studies in Education during the Age of Renaissance 1400-1600. New York, 1967.


Arthur, Anthony, The Tailor-King: The Rise and Fall of the Anabaptist Kingdom of Münster. New York, 1999.
Bainton, Roland H., Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther. New York, 1950.
Barraclough, Geoffrey, The Origins of Modern Germany. London, 1988.
Bérenger, Jean, A History of the Hapsburg Empire 1273-1700 tr.  C. A. Simpson. London, 1994.
Boehmer, Heinrich, Martin Luther: Road to Reformation tr. John W. Doberstein and Theodore G. Tappert. New York, 1946.
Brecht, Martin, Martin Luther: His Road to Reformation 1483-1521 tr. James L. Schaaf. Philadelphia, 1985.
Brecht, Martin, Martin Luther: Shaping and Defining the Reformation 1521-1532 tr. James L. Schaaf. Minneapolis, 1990.
Brecht, Martin, Martin Luther: The Preservation of the Church 1532-1546 tr. James L. Schaaf. Minneapolis, 1993.
Carsten, F. L., The Origins of Prussia. Oxford, 1954.
D’Aubigne, J. H. Merle, History of the Great Reformation of the Sixteenth Century in Germany, Switzerland, & c., 4 volumes. New York, 1847.
Engels, Friedrich, The German Revolutions: The Peasant War in Germany and Germany: Revolution and Counter-Revolution. Chicago, 1967.
Erasmus and Luther, Discourse on Free Will tr. Ernst F. Winter. New York, 1961.
Friedenthal, Richard, Luther: His Life and Times tr. John Nowell. New York, 1967.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 14: The Germanic Empire ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Holborn, Hajo, A History of Modern Germany: The Reformation. New York, 1959.
Humanism and the Northern Renaissance ed. Kenneth R. Bartlett and Margaret McGlynn. Toronto, 2000.
Lau, Franz and Ernst Bizer, A History of the Reformation in Germany to 1555 tr. Brian A. Hardy. London, 1969.
Loewenich, Walter von, Martin Luther: The Man and His Work tr. Lawrence W. Denef. Minneapolis, 1982.
Luther, Martin, The Bondage of the Will tr. Henry Cole. Grand Rapids, 1931.
Luther, Martin, The Bondage of the Will tr. J. I, Packer and O. R. Johnston. Westwood, 1957.
Luther, The Table Talk of Martin ed. Thomas S. Kepler. Grand Rapids, 1952.
Luther, Martin: Selections from His Writings ed. John Dillenberger. Garden City, 1961.
Luther, Martin, Three Treatises ed. Helmutt T. Lehmann. Philadelphia, 1970.
MacCulloch, Diarmaid, The Reformation: A History. New York, 2003.
Mackinnon, James, Luther and the Reformation, Vol. 2: The Breach with Rome (1517-21). New York, 1928.
Manifestations of Discontent in Germany on the Eve of the Reformation tr. Gerald Strauss. Bloomington, 1985.
Manschreck, Clyde Leonard, Melanchthon: The Quiet Reformer. New York, 1958.
Marius, Richard, Martin Luther: The Christian between God and Death. Cambridge, 1999.
Melanchthon and Bucer ed. Wilhelm Pauck. Philadelphia, 1969.
Menzel, Wolfgang, Germany from the Earliest Period, Volumes 2-3 tr. Mrs. George Horrocks. New York, 1899.
Oberman, Heiko A., Luther: Man between God and the Devil. New Haven, 1989.
Osborne, John, Luther: A Play. New York, 1961.
Reinhardt, Kurt F., Germany: 2000 Years, Volume 1. New York, 1961.
Rodes, John E., Germany: a history. New York, 1964.
Rummel, Erika, The Case Against Johann Reuchlin: Religious and Social Controversy in Sixteenth-Century Germany. Toronto, 2002.
Schaff, Philip, History of the Christian Church, Volume 7: Modern Christianity: The German Reformation. Grand Rapids, 1910.


Calvin, The Best of John ed. Samuel Dunn. Grand Rapids, 1837.
Cambridge Companion to John Calvin ed. Donald K. McKim. Cambridge, 2004.
Luck, James Murray, A History of Switzerland. Palo Alto, 1985.
McNeill, John T., The History and Character of Calvinism. New York, 1954.
Moore, John Allen, Anabaptist Portraits. Scottsdale, 1984.
Oechsli, Wilhelm, History of Switzerland 1499-1914 tr. Eden & Cedar Paul. Cambridge, 1922.
Potter, G. R., Zwingli. Cambridge, 1976.
Schaff, Philip, History of the Christian Church, Volume 8: Modern Christianity: The Swiss Reformation. Grand Rapids, 1910.
Van Helsema, Thea B., This Was John Calvin. Grand Rapids, 1959.

Eastern Europe

Abbott, John S. C., Austria: Its Rise and Present Power. New York, 1882.
Beller,  Steven, A Concise History of Austria. Cambridge, 2006
Cambridge History of Poland from the Origins to Sobieski (to 1696), The ed. W. F. Reddaway et al. Cambridge, 1950.
Cambridge History of Russia, Volume 1: From Early Rus’ to 1689 ed. Maureen Perrie. Cambridge, 2006.
Chirovsky, Nicolas L. Fr., A History of the Russian Empire, Volume 1: Grandducal Vladimir and Moscow. New York, 1973.
Coxe, William, History of the House of Austria 1218 to 1792, Volumes 1-2. London, 1847.
Davies, Norman, God’s Playground: A History of Poland, Volume 1 The Origins to 1795. New York, 1982.
Engel, Pal, The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895-1526 tr. Tamas Palosfalvi. London, 2001.
Evtuhov, Catherine et al, A History of Russia: Peoples, Legends, Events, Forces. Boston, 2004.
Gierke, Otto von, The Development of Political Theory tr. Bernard Freyd. New York, 1939.
Gieysztor, Aleksander et al, History of Poland tr. Krystyna Cekalska et al. Warszawa, 1968.
Gordon, Bruce, Calvin. New Haven, 2009.
Grey, Ian, Boris Godunov: The Tragic Tsar. New York, 1973.
History of Hungary, A ed. Peter F. Sugar et al. Bloomington 1990.
Kann, Robert A. and Zdenek V. David, The Peoples of the Eastern Hapsburg Lands, 1526-1918. Seattle, 1984.
Kluchevsky, V. O., A History of Russia, Volume 2 tr. C. J. Hogarth. New York, 1912.
Lutzov, Count von and H. A. Piehler, Bohemia: An Historical Sketch. London, 1939.
MacHardy, Karin J., War, Religion and Court Patronage in Habsburg Austria: The Social and Cultural  Dimensions of Political Interaction, 1521-1622. New York, 2003.
Martin, Janet, Medieval Russia 980-1584. Cambridge, 1995.
Medieval Russia’s Epics, Chronicles, and Tales tr. Serge A. Zenkovsky. New York, 1963.
Pares, Bernard, A History of Russia. New York, 1953.
Rambaud, Alfred, Russia, Volume 1. New York, 1900.
Readings in Russian History from Ancient Times to the Abolition of Serfdom ed. Sidney Harcave. New York, 1962.
Riasanovsky, Nicholas V., A History of Russia. New York, 1969.
Segel, Harold B., Renaissance Culture in Poland: The Rise of Humanism, 1470-1543. Ithaca, 1989.
Stone, Daniel, The Polish-Lithuanian State, 1386-1795. Seattle, 2001.
Tapié, Victor-L., The Rise and Fall of the Hapsburg Monarchy tr. Stephen Hardman. New York, 1971.
Walsh, Warren Bartlett, Russia and the Soviet Union: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1958.
Wheatcroft, Andrew, The Hapsburgs: Embodying Empire. London, 1995.
Zamoyski, Adam, The Polish Way: A Thousand-year History of the Poles and their Culture. New York, 1987.


Andersson, Ingvar, A History of Sweden tr. Carolyn Hannay. London, 1956.
Birch, J. H. S., Denmark in History. London, 1938.
Derry, T. K., A History of Scandinavia. Minneapolis, 1979.
Gjerset, Knut, History of Iceland. New York, 1924.
Gjerset, Knut, History of the Norwegian People. 2 volumes. New York, 1932.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 16: Scandinavia; Switzerland to 1715 ed. Henry Smith Williams in. London, 1926.
Johannesson, Jon, A History of the Old Icelandic Commonwealth tr. Haraldur Bessason. Manitoba, 1974.
Jutikkala, Eino with Kauko Pirinen, A History of Finland. London, 1962.
Larsen, Karen, A History of Norway. Princeton, 1948.
Lauring, Palle, The Kingdom of Denmark tr. David Hohnen. Copenhagen, 1960.
Nilsson, Victor, Sweden. New York, 1899.
Roberts, Michael, The Early Vasas: A History of Sweden, 1523-1611. London, 1968.
Scott, Franklin D., Sweden: The Nation’s History. Minnea-polis, 1977.
Sorensen, Sigvart, Norway. New York, 1899.
Wuorinen, John H., A History of Finland. New York, 1965.

Spain and Portugal

Ahlgren, Gillian T. W., Teresa of Avila and the Politics of Sanctity. New York, 1996.
Atkinson, William C., A History of Spain and Portugal. Middlesex, 1960.
Auclair, Marcelle, Saint Teresa of Avila. New York, 1953.
Bell, Aubrey F. G., Cervantes. New York, 1947.
Blockmans, Wim, Emperor Charles V 1500-1558 tr. Isola can den Hoven-Varden. London, 2002.
Braudel, Fernand, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, 2 volumes tr. Sian Reynolds. New York, 1972-1973.
Brandi, Karl, The Emperor Charles V: The Growth and Destiny of a Man and of a World-Empire tr. C. V. Wedgwood. London, 1939.
Byron, William, Cervantes: A Biography. Garden City, 1978.
Camoens, Luis Vaz de, The Lusiads tr. William C. Atkinson. Middlesex, 1952.
Classic Theatre, Volume III: Six Spanish Plays ed. Eric Bentley. Garden City, 1959.
Crisogono de Jesus, The Life of St. John of the Cross tr. Kathleen Pond. London, 1958.
Della Casa, Giovanni, Galateo or the Book of Manners tr. R. S. Pine-Coffin. Middlesex, 1958.
Diffie, Bailey W. and George D. Winius, Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580. Minneapolis, 1977.
Elliott, J. H., Imperial Spain 1469-1716. London, 1963.
Fitzmaurice-Kelly, James, A History of Spanish Literature. New York, 1925.
Fraser, Antonia, The Warrior Queens. New York, 1988.
Gerber, Jane S., The Jews of Spain A History of the Sephardic Experience. New York, 1992.
Gicovate, Bernard, Garcilaso de la Vega. Boston, 1975.
Gomara, Francisco Lopez de, Annals of the Emperor Charles V tr. Roger Bigelow Merriman. Oxford, 1912.
Griffiths, Major Arthur, In Spanish Prisons: The Inquisition at Home and Abroad, Prisons Past and Present. New York, 1991.
Haliczer, Stephen, The Comuneros of Castile: The Forging of a Revolution, 1475-1521. Madison, 1981.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 10: Spain and Portugal ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Howarth, David, The Voyage of the Armada: The Spanish Story. Middlesex, 1981.
Hsia, R. Po-Chia, The World of Catholic Renewal, 1540-1770. Cambridge, 2005.
Idigoras, J. Ignacio Tellechea, Ignatius of Loyola: The Pilgrim Saint tr. Cornelius Michael Buckley. Chicago, 1994.
Ignatius of Loyola, Saint, The Constitutions of the Society of Jesus tr. George E. Ganss. St. Louis, 1970.
Ignatius, The Spiritual Exercises of St. tr. Anthony Mottola. Garden City, 1964.
Irving, Washington, Tales of Alhambra, Conquest of Granada, Conquest of Spain, Spanish Voyages. New York, no date.
John of the Cross, The Collected Works of St. tr. Kieran Kavanaugh and Otilio Rodriguez. Washington, 1973.
John of the Cross, The Complete Works of Saint, Volume 2: Spiritual Canticles, Poems tr. P. Silverio de Santa Teresa. Westminster, 1934.
John of the Cross, St., Poems tr. Roy Campbell. Baltimore, 1951.
Kamen, Henry, The Spanish Inquisition: An Historical Revision. London, 1997.
Kelly, Henry Ansgar, Canon Law and the Archpriest of Hita. Binghamton, 1984.
Lewis, D. B. Wyndham, Charles of Europe. New York, 1931.
Livermore, H. V., A New History of Portugal. Cambridge, 1976.
Lovett, A. W., Early Hapsburg Spain 1517-1598. Oxford, 1986.
Lynch, John, Spain 1516-1598 From Nation State to World Empire. Oxford, 1991.
Marques, A. H. de Oliveira, History of Portugal, Volume 1: From Lusitania to Empire. New York, 1972.
Mattingly, Garrett, The Armada. Boston, 1959.
Merriman, Roger Bigelow, The Rise of the Spanish Empire in the Old World and in the New, Volume 2 The Catholic Kings. New York, 1918.
Meschler, Maurice, Life of St. Aloysius Gonzaga: Patron of Christian Youth tr. Benedictine of the Perpetual Adoration. Rockford, 1985.
Miller, Townsend, The Castles and the Crown: Spain 1451-1555. New York, 1963.
Noreña, Carlos G. Juan Luis Vives. The Hague, 1970.
Nowell, Charles E., A History of Portugal. New York, 1952.
O’Malley, John W., The First Jesuits. Cambridge, 1993.
Parker, Geoffrey, Philip II. Chicago, 2002.
Payne, Stanley G., A History of Spain and Portugal, Volume 1. Madison, 1973.
Pierson, Peter, Philip II of Spain. London, 1975.
Prescott, William H., History of the Reign of Philip II, King of Spain, 3 volumes. Philadelphia, 1882.
Ravier, André, Ignatius of Loyola and the Founding of the Society of Jesus tr. Maura, Joan, and Carson Daly. San Francisco, 1987.
Robertson, William, The History of the Reign of the Emperor Charles V with an Account of the Emperor’s Life after His Abdication by William H. Prescott, 3 volumes. Phila-delphia, 1882.
Sanceau, Elaine, The Reign of the Fortunate King 1495-1521. USA, 1970.
Schwarzenfeld, Gertrude von, Charles V: Father of Europe. Chicago, 1957.
Smith, Bradley, Spain: A History in Art. Garden City, no date.
Smith, Rhea Marsh, Spain: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1965.
Stephens, H. Morse, The Story of Portugal. New York, 1891.
Teresa of Avila, The Life of Saint, by Herself tr. J. M. Cohen. London, 1957.
Teresa of Avila, The Autobiography of St. tr. E. Allison Peers. Garden City, 1944.
Teresa of Avila, St., Interior Castle tr. E. Allison Peers. Garden City, 1944.
Teresa of Avila, St., The Way of Perfection tr. E. Allison Peers. Garden City, 1946.
Teresa of Jesus, The Complete Works of Saint, 3 volumes tr. E. Allison Peers and P. Silverio de Santa Teresa. London, 1957.
Two Spanish Picaresque Novels: Lazarillo de Tormes and The Swindler (El Buscon) by Francisco de Quevedo. Middle-sex, 1969.
Vitoria, Francisco de, Political Writings ed. Anthony Pagden and Jeremy Lawrence. Cambridge, 1991.
Vives, Juan Luis, The Education of a Christian Woman tr. Charles Fantazzi. Chicago, 2000.


Arnade, Peter, Beggars, Iconoclasts, and Civic Patriots: The Political Culture of the Dutch Revolt. Ithaca, 2008.
Blok, Petrus Johannes, History of the People of the Nether-lands, Volume 2-3 tr. Oscar A. Bierstadt and  Ruth Putnam. New York, 1898, 1900.
Geyl, Pieter, The Revolt of the Netherlands 1555-1609. London, 1958.
Israel, Jonathan, The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477-1806. Oxford, 1995.
Koenigsberger, H. G., Monarchies, States Generals and Parliaments: The Netherlands in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries. Cambridge, 2001.
Meeüs, Adrien de, History of the Belgians tr. G. Gordon. New York, 1962.
Motley, John L., History of the United Netherlands from the Death of William the Silent to the Twelve Years’ Truce, 1609, Volumes 1-5. New York, 1900.
Motley, John L., The Life and Death of John of Barneveldt, 3 volumes. New York, 1902.
Motley, John L., Rise of the Dutch Republic, 3 volumes. London, 1906.
Parker, Geoffrey, The Dutch Revolt. Ithaca, 1977.
Public Opinion and Changing Identities in the Early Modern Netherlands ed. Judith Pollmann and Andrew Spicer. Leiden, 2007.
Stensland, Monica, Habsburg Communication in the Dutch Revolt. Amsterdam, 2012.
Tex, Jan den, Oldenbarnevelt, Volume 1: 1547-1606. London, 1973.
Tracy, James D., The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588. Oxford, 2008.
Tracy, James D., Holland under Hapsburg Rule, 1506-1566: The Formation of a Body Politic. Berkeley, 1990.
Vlekke, Bernard H. M., Evolution of the  Dutch Nation. New York, 1945.
Wedgwood, C. V., William the Silent: William of Nassau, Prince of Orange 1533-1584. New Haven, 1944.


Aretino’s Dialogues tr. Raymond Rosenthal. New York, 1971.
Berni, Francesco, Dialogue Against Poets tr. Anne Reynolds, Renaissance Humanism at the Court of Clement VII. New York, 1997.
Bigolina, Giulia, Urania tr. Christopher Nissen. Tempe, 2004.
Bruno, Giordano, The Cabala of Pegasus tr. Sidney L. Sondergard and Madison U. Sowell. New Haven, 2002.
Bruno, Giordano, Cause, Principle and Unity tr. Robert de Lucca and Essays on Magic tr. Richard J. Blackwell. Cambridge, 1998.
Bruno, Giordano, The Expulsion of the Triumphant Beast tr. Arthur D. Imerti. Lincoln, 1992.
Bruno, Giordano, The Heroic Frenzies tr. Paul Eugene Memmo, Jr. Chapel Hill, 1964.
Burckhardt, Jacob, The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy tr. S. G. C. Middlemore. London, 1990.
Chamberlin, E. R., The Sack of Rome. London, 1979.
Chubb, Thomas Caldecot, Aretino: Scourge of Princes. New York, 1940.
Cochrane, Eric, Italy 1530-1630. London, 1988.
Collison-Morley, Lacy, Naples Through the Centuries. New York, 1924.
Creighton, M., A History of the Papacy during the Period of the Reformation, Volume 5: The German Revolt 1517-1527. London, 1894.
Croce, Benedetto, History of the Kingdom of Naples tr. Frances Frenaye. Chicago, 1970.
D’Amico, Stefano, Spanish Milan: A City within the Empire, 1535-1706. New York, 2012.
Dandelet, Thomas James, Spanish Rome 1500-1700. New Haven, 2001.
Ferraro, Joanne M., Venice: History of a Floating City. Cambridge, 2012.
Five Comedies from the Italian Renaissance tr. Laura Gianetti & Guido Ruggiero. Baltimore, 2003.
Fremantle, Anne, The Papal Encyclicals in Their Historical Context. New York, 1956.
Guicciardini, Francesco, The History of Italy tr. Sidney Alexander. New York, 1969.
Guicciardini, Francesco, History of Italy and History of Florence tr. Cecil Grayson. London, 1966.
Guicciardini, Francesco, Maxims and Reflections of a Renaissance Statesman (Ricordi) tr. Mario Domandi. New York, 1965.
Hanlon, Gregory, Early Modern Italy, 1550-1800. New York, 2000.
Hibbert, Christopher, The House of Medici: Its Rise and Fall. New York, 1974.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 9: Italy ed Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Itinerarium Italicum: The Profile of the Italian Renaissance in the Mirror of its European Transformations ed. Heiko A. Oberman with Thomas A. Brady, Jr. Leiden, 1975.
Late Italian Renaissance, The 1525-1630 ed. Eric Cochrane. London, 1970.
Lucas, Henry S., The Renaissance and the Reformation. New York, 1960.
MacCaffrey, James, History of the Catholic Church from the Renaissance to the French Revolution, Volume 1. Freeport, 1915.
Machiavelli, Niccolo, Clizia tr. Oliver Evans. Great Neck, 1962.
Mallet, Michael and Christine Shaw, The Italian Wars, 1494-1559: War, State and Society in Early Modern Europe. Harlow, 2012.
Michelangelo, Complete Works of. New York, 1967.
Michelangelo, The Poetry of tr. James M. Saslow. New Haven, 1991.
Norwich, John Julius, A History of Venice. New York, 1982.
O’Malley, John W., Trent: What Happened at the Council. Cambridge, 2013
Partner, Peter, Renaissance Rome 1500-1559: A Portrait of Society. Berkeley, 1976.
Pastor, Ludwig, The History of the Popes from the Close of the Middle Ages, Volume 11-24. London, 1924, 1929, 1933.
Renaissance Philosophy, Volume 1: The Italian Philosophers: Selected Readings from Petrarch to Bruno tr. Arturo B. Fallico and Herman Shapiro. New York, 1967.
Rendina, Claudio, The Popes: Histories and Secrets tr. Paul D. McCusker. Douglas, 2002.
Roeder, Ralph, The Man of the Renaissance: Four Lawgivers: Savonarola, Machiavelli, Castiglione, Aretino. New York, 1933.
Roscoe, William, Life and Pontificate of Leo the Tenth, 2 volumes. London, 1846.
Rowland, Ingrid D., The Culture of the High Renaissance: Ancients and Moderns in Sixteenth-Century Rome. Cambridge, 1998.
Ruzante (Angelo Beolco), L’Anconitana / The Woman from Ancona tr. Nancy Dersofi. Berkeley, 1994.
Schevill, Ferdinand, History of Florence from the Founding of the City through the Renaissance. New York, 1936.
Schevill, Ferdinand, The Medici. New York, 1949.
Singer, Dorothea Waley, Giordano Bruno: His Life and Thought. New York, 1950.
Sismondi, J. D. L., History of the Italian Republics in the Middle Ages recast by William Boulting. London, no date.
Six Italian Plays ed. Eric Bentley. Garden City, 1958.
Smith, Denis Mack, A History of Sicily: Medieval Sicily 800-1713. New York, 1968.
Stinger, Charles L., The Renaissance in Rome. Bloomington, 1985.
Symonds, John Addington, Renaissance in Italy, 2 volumes. New York, 1935.
Tasso, Torquato, Aminta: A Pastoral Play tr. Charles Jeraigan and Irene Marchegiani Jones. New York, 2000.
Tasso, Torquato, Jerusalem Delivered tr. Ralph Nash. Detroit, 1987.
Tasso, Torquato, King Torrismondo tr. Maria Pastore Passaro. New York, 1997.
Three Renaissance Comedies ed. Christopher Cairns. Lewiston, 1991.
Three Renaissance Pastorals: Tasso, Guarini, Daniel ed. Elizabeth Story Donno. Binghamton, 1993.
Trollope, T. Adolphus, A History of the Commonwealth of Florence from the Earliest Independence of the Commune to the Fall of the Republic in 1531, Volume 4. London, 1865.
Vasari, Giorgio, Lives of the Artists, 2 volumes tr. George Bull. Middlesex, 1965, 1987.
Vasari, Giorgio, The Lives of the Artists tr. Julia Conaway Bondanella and Peter Bondanella. Oxford, 1991.
Von Ranke, Leopold, History of the Popes: Their Church and State tr. E. Fowler, Volume 1. New York, 1901.
Waley, Daniel, The Italian City-Republics. New York, 1969.
Woodward, William Harrison, Vittorino da Feltre and Other Humanist Educators. New York, 1963.
Yates, Frances A., Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition. Chicago, 1964.
Young, G. F., The Medici. New York, 1930.


Armstrong, Elizabeth, Ronsard and the Age of Gold. London, 1968.
Baumgartner, Frederic J., France in the Sixteenth Century. New York, 1995.
Castries, Rene de La Croix, duc de, The Lives of the Kings and Queens of France. New York, 1979.
Chamberlin, E. R., Marguerite of Navarre. New York, 1974.
Cheetham, Erika, The Final Prophecies of Nostradamus. New York, 1989.
Crowe, Eyre Evans, The History of France, Volume 2. London, 1860.
Denieull-Cormier, Anne, The Renaissance in France 1488-1559 tr. Ann and Christopher Fremantle. London, 1968.
Frame, Donald M., François Rabelais: A Study. New York, 1977.
French Humanism 1470-1600 ed. Werner L. Gundersheimer. New York, 1959.
French Utopias: An Anthology of Ideal Societies ed. Frank E. Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel. New York, 1966.
Frieda, Leonie, Catherine de Medici: Renaissance Queen of France. New York, 2003.
Garrisson, Janine, A History of Sixteenth-Century France, 1483-1598: Renaissance, Reformation and Rebellion tr. Richard Rex. New York, 1995.
Goubert, Pierre, The Course of French History tr. Maarten Ultee. New York, 1988.
Greengrass, Mark, Governing Passions: Peace and Reform in the French Kingdom, 1576-1585. Oxford, 2007.
Guérard, Albert, France: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1959.
Guérard, Albert, France in the Classical Age: The Life and Death of an Ideal. New York, 1956.
Guizot, M., History of France, Volume 3 tr. Robert Black. New York, 1900.
Holt, Mack P., The French Wars of Religion, 1562-1629. Cambridge, 1995.
Huizinga, J., The Waning of the Middle Ages: A Study of the Forms of Life, Thought and Art in France and the Netherlands in the Dawn of the Renaissance. Garden City, 1924.
Jones, K. R. W., Pierre de Ronsard. New York, 1970.
Kingdon, Robert M., Myths about the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacres 1572-1576. Cambridge, 1988.
Kitchin, G. W., A History of France, Volume 2. Oxford, 1896, 1899.
Knecht, R. J., Catherine de’ Medici. Harlow, 1998.
Knecht, R. J., The French Civil Wars, 1562-1598. Harlow, 2000.
Knecht, R. J., Renaissance Warrior and Patron: The Reign of Francis I. Cambridge, 1994.
Knecht, R. J., The Rise and Fall of Renaissance France 1483-1610. Malden, 2001.
Leoni, Edgar, Nostradamus and His Prophecies. New York, 1961.
Marguerite de Valois, Memoirs of. New York, 1910.
Marguerite Queen of Navarre, The Heptameron tr. Arthur Machen. London, 1959.
Marot, Du Bellay, Ronsard, Lyrics of the Renaissance tr. Norman R. Shapiro. New Haven, 2002.
McFarlane, I.  D., A Literary History of France, Volume 2: Renaissance France 1470-1589. New York, 1974.
Medieval France: A Companion to French Studies ed. Arthur Tilley. New York, 1922.
Montaigne, The Complete Essays tr. Donald M. Frame. Stanford, 1958.
Montaigne, The Essays of Michel Eyquem de tr. Charles Cotton ed. W. Catew Hazlitt. Chicago, 1952.
New History of French Literature, A ed. Denis Hollier. Cambridge, 1989.
Rabelais, François, The Complete Works of tr. Donald M. Frame. Berkeley, 1991.
Rabelais, François, Gargantua and Pantagruel tr. Thomas Urquhart and Peter Motteux. Chicago, 1952.
Seward, Desmond, Prince of the Renaissance: The Golden Life of François I. New York, 1973.
Roeder, Ralph, Catherine de’ Medici and the Lost Revolution. New York, 1937.
Ronsard, Pierre de, The Franciad (1572) tr. Phillip John Usher. Brooklyn, 2010.
Ronsard, Pierre de, Selected Poems tr. Malcolm Quaintaon and Elizabeth Vinestock. London, 2002.
Simone, Franco, The French Renaissance: Medieval Tradition and Italian Influence in Shaping the Renaissance in France tr. H. Gaston Hall. London, 1969.
Stone, Donald Jr., French Humanist Tragedy: A Reassessment. Manchester, 1974.
Wellman, Kathleen, Queens and Mistresses of Renaissance France. New Haven, 2013.
Wood, James B., The King’s Army: Warfare, soldiers, and society during the Wars of Religion in France, 1562-1576. Cambridge, 1996.
Woodward, William Harrison, Studies in Education during the Age of the  Renaissance 1400-1600. New York, 1967.

England, Scotland, and Ireland

Ackroyd, Peter, The Life of Thomas More. New York, 1998.
Adams, Robert P., The Better Part of Valor: More, Erasmus, Colet, and Vives, on Humanism, War, and Peace, 1496-1535. Seattle, 1962.
Ashley, Maurice, Great Britain to 1688. Ann Arbor, 1961.
Bale, The Dramatic Writings of John ed. John S. Farmer. New York, 1966.
Bernard, G. W., The King’s Reformation: Henry VIII and the Remaking of the English Church. New Haven, 2005.
Bindoff, S. T., Tudor England. Middlesex, 1950.
Black, J. B., The Reign of Elizabeth 1558-1603. London, 1936.
Cambridge History of English Literature, The, Volumes 3-4 ed. A. W. Ward and A. R. Waller. New York, 1917.
Chambers, R. W., Thomas More. Ann Arbor, 1958.
Chief Pre-Shakespearean Dramas ed. Joseph Quincy Adams. Boston, 1924.
Chronicle and Romance: Froissart Malory Holinshed. New York, 1919.
Clark, Henry W., History of English Nonconformity from Wyclif to the Close of the Nineteenth Century. London, 1911.
Clebsch, William A., England’s Earliest Protestants 1530-1535. New Haven, 1964.
Cobbet, William, A History of the Protestant Reformation in England & Ireland Written in 1824-1827. Rockford, 1896.
Companion to Thomas More, A ed. A. D. Cousins and Damian Grace. Cranbury, 2009.
Connolly, S. J., Contested Island: Ireland 1460-1630. Oxford, 2007.
Curtis, Edmund, A History of Ireland From Earliest Times to 1922. London, 2002.
D’Alton, E. A., History of Ireland From the Earliest Times to the Present Day, Half-volume II: 1210 to 1547. London, 1910.
D’Aubigne, J. H. Merle, History of the Great Reformation of the Sixteenth Century, Volume 5: The Reformation in England tr. H. White. New York, 1853.
Davies, John, A History of Wales. London, 1993.
Dickens, A. G., The English Reformation. Glasgow, 1964.
Donaldson, Gordon, Scotland: James V to James VII. Edinburgh, 1971.
Drama of the English Renaissance, Volume 1: The Tudor Period ed. Russell A. Fraser and Norman Rabkin. New York, 1976.
Early English Drama: An Anthology ed. John C. Coldewey. New York, 1993.
Elizabeth R ed. J. C. Trewin. London, 1973.
Elizabethan Fiction ed. Robert Ashley and Edwin M. Moseley. New York, 1953.
Elizabethan People: State and Society ed. Joel Hurstfield and Alan G. R. Smith. New York, 1972.
Elton, G. R., The Tudor Constitution: Documents and Com-mentary. London, 1960.
Elyot, Thomas, The Book named the Governor. London, 1962.
Farrow, John, The Story of Thomas More. Garden City, 1954.
Ferguson, Charles W., Naked to Mine Enemies: The Life of Cardinal Wolsey, 2 volumes. New York, 1958.
Finerty, John F., Ireland: The People’s History of Ireland, Volume 1. New York, 1904.
Five Anonymous Plays 1570-1579 ed. John S. Farmer. New York, 1908.
Four Morality Plays ed. Peter Happé. Middlesex, 1979.
Fox’s Book of Martyrs ed. William Byron Forbush. Grand Rapids, 1954.
Fraser, Antonia, The Wives of Henry VIII. New York, 1992.
Fraser, George MacDonald, The Steel Bonnets: The Story of the Anglo-Scottish Border Reivers. London, 1971.
Hackett, Francis, Henry the Eighth. New York, 1929.
Harrison, G. B., The Life and Death of Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex. London, 1937.
Harrison, William, A Description of Elizabethan England Written for Holinshed’s Chronicles. New York, 1910.
Heywood, The Plays of John ed. Richard Axton & Peter Happé. Woodbridge, 1991.
Hibbert, Christopher, The Virgin Queen: The Personal History of Elizabeth I. London, 1990.
Historical Studies of the English Parliament, Volume 2: 1399 to 1603 ed. E. B. Fryde and Edward Miller. London, 1970.
Holzknecht, Karl J., Outlines of Tudor and Stuart Plays 1497-1642. New York, 1947.
Hume, David, The History of England, Volumes 3-4. Philadelphia, 1876.
Jenkins, Elizabeth, Elizabeth and Leicester. London, 1961.
Jenkins, Elizabeth, Elizabeth the Great. New York, 1958.
Knox, John, The History of the Reformation of Religion in Scotland with Knox’s Confession and The Book of Discipline. London, 1905.
Kyle, Richard G. and Dale W. Johnson, John Knox: An Introduction to His Life and Works. Eugene, 2009.
Lacey, Robert, Sir Walter Raleigh. New York, 1973.
Lehmberg, Stanford E., The Later Parliaments of Henry VIII 1536-1547. Cambridge, 1977
Loach, Jennifer, Edward VI. New Haven, 1999.
Loades, David, Intrigue and Treason: The Tudor Court 1547-1558. Harlow, 2004.
Lockyer, Roger, Tudor and Stuart Britain 1471-1714. Harlow, 1985.
Lofts, Norah, Anne Boleyn. New York, 1979.
Lowe, Ben, Imagining Peace: A History of Early English Pacifist ideas, 1340-1560. University Park, 1997.
Luke, Mary M., Catherine the Queen. New York, 1967.
Luke, Mary M., Gloriana: The Years of Elizabeth I. New York, 1973.
MacCaffrey, Wallace, The Shaping of the Elizabethan Regime. Princeton, 1968.
MacCulloch, Diarmaid, Thomas Cranmer: A Life. New Haven, 1996.
Mackenzie, Agnes Mure, The Rise of the Stewarts. Edinburgh, 1935.
Mackie, J. D., The Earlier Tudors 1485-1558. London, 1966.
Mackie, J. D., A History of Scotland. Middlesex, 1964.
Maitland, F. W., The Constitutional History of England. London, 1908.
Marius, Richard, Thomas More: A Biography. New York, 1984.
Marlowe, Christopher, Doctor Faustus ed. Sylvan Barnet. New York, 1969.
Marlowe, The Plays of Christopher. New York, 1909.
Marlowe, The Plays of Christopher ed. Leo Kirschbaum. Cleveland, 1962.
Marlowe: A Collection of Critical Essays ed. Clifford Leech. Englewood Cliffs, 1964.
Marshall, Peter, Reformation England 1480-1642. London, 2012.
Mattingly, Garrett, Catherine of Aragon. Boston, 1941.
McConica, James Kelsey, English Humanists and Reformation Politics under Henry VIII and Edward VI. Oxford, 1965.
Medieval and Renaissance Poets: Langland to Spenser ed. W. H. Auden and Norman Holmes Pearson. New York, 1950.
Medieval and Tudor Drama ed. John Gassner. New York, 1987.
More, Thomas, The Utopia including Roper’s Life of More and Letters of More and His Daughter Margaret. Roslyn, 1947.
More, Thomas, Utopia and a Dialogue of Comfort. London, 1910.
Myers, A. R., England in the Late Middle Ages (1307-1536). Middlesex, 1963.
Neale, J. E., Elizabeth I and Her Parliaments 1559-1581. New York, 1958.
Neale, J. E., Elizabeth I and Her Parliaments 1584-1601. New York, 1957.
Neale, J. E., Queen Elizabeth I: A Biography. Garden City, 1934.
New History of Ireland, A, Volume II: Medieval Ireland 1169-1534 ed. Art Cosgrove. Oxford, 1987.
New History of Ireland, A, Volume III: Early Modern Ireland 1534-1691 ed. T. W. Moody et al. Oxford, 1976.
New History of Ireland, A, Volume VIII: A Chronology of Irish History to 1976 ed. T. W. Moody et al. Oxford, 1982.
Platt, Colin, Medieval England: A Social History and Archaeology from the Conquest to 1600 AD. New York, 1978.
Quinn, David B., Raleigh and the British Empire. New York, 1949.
Read, Conyers, Lord Burghley and Queen Elizabeth. London, 1960.
Renaissance in England, The: Non-dramatic Prose and Verse of the Sixteenth Century ed. Hyder E.  Rollins and Herschel Baker. Boston, 1954.
Renaissance Poetry: English Masterpieces ed. Leonard Dean. Englewood Cliffs, 1961.
Rex, Richard, Henry VIII and the English Reformation. New York, 2006.
Rhys, John and David Brynmor-Jones, The Welsh People. London, 1923.
Ridley, Jasper, Henry VIII. New York, 1985.
Ryrie, Alec, The Age of Reformation: The Tudor and Steward Realms 1485-1603. Harlow, 2009.
Scarisbrick, J. J., Henry VIII. Berkeley, 1968.
Scot, Walter, Scotland, Volume 1. New York, 1901.
Sources of English Constitutional History ed. Carl Stephenson and Frederick George Macham. New York, 1937.
Spenser, The Complete Poetical Works of Edmund. Boston, 1908.
Spenser, Edmund, A Selection of His Works ed. Ian C. Sowton. New York, 1968.
Strickland, Agnes, Lives of the Queens of England, Volumes 4-8. Philadelphia, 1902.
Sugden, John, Sir Francis Drake. New York, 1990.
Taine, Hippolyte Adolphe, History of English Literature, Volume 1 tr. Henry Van Laun. New York, 1900.
Trevelyan, G. M., History of England, Volume 2. Garden City, 1952.
Tudor Poetry and Prose ed. J. William Hebel et al. New York, 1953.
Two Early Tudor Lives: The Life and Death of Cardinal Wolsey by George Cavendish; The Life of Sir Thomas More by William Roper ed. Richard S. Sylvester and Davis P. Harding. New Haven, 1962.
Utopia of Sir Thomas More including Roper’s Life of More and Letters of More and His Daughter Margaret, The. Roslyn, 1947.
Whitelock, Anna, Mary Tudor: Princess, Bastard, Queen. London, 2009.
Williams, Penry, The Later Tudors: England 1547-1603. Oxford, 1995.
Wilson, A. N., The Elizabethans. New York, 2011.
Wood, Andy, The 1549 Rebellions and the Making of Early Modern England. Cambridge, 2007.
Wormald, Jenny, Court, Kirk, and Community: Scotland 1470-1625. London, 1981.
Wyatt, Collected Poems of Sir Thomas ed. Kenneth Muir. Cambridge, 1949.

Copyright © 2014 by Sanderson Beck

Europe & Reform 1517-1588 has been published.
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EUROPE Wars & Plays 1588-1648

Luther’s Reforms and Germany 1517-88
Zwingli, Calvin, and the Swiss
Eastern Europe 1517-88
Scandinavia 1517-88
Imperial Spain and Portugal 1517-88
Spain’s Renaissance
Netherlands Revolt against Spain 1517-88
Italy and Spanish Domination
France and Foreign Wars 1517-1559
France’s Christian Wars 1559-88
England, Henry VIII & Reform 1517-1558
England of Elizabeth 1558-88
Scotland and Ireland 1517-88
Summary and Evaluation Europe & Reform 1517-1588

Chronology of Europe 1400-1588
World Chronology

BECK index