BECK index

MIDEAST & AFRICA 1700-1950


Mideast 1700-1950
Ottoman Empire and Turkey
Persia (Iran) and Afghanistan
Arabia and Iraq
Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan
Palestine and Zionism
Africa 1600-1950
Egypt, Sudan, and Libya
Algeria, Tunis, and Morocco
West Africa
Ethiopia and Somaliland
East Africa
Congo, Mozambique, and Angola
Southern Africa

This book has been published as Mideast & Africa 1700-1950.
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Mideast 1700-1950

Anthology of Islamic Literature ed. James Kritzeck. New York, 1964.

Abdul Baha, The Promulgation of Universal Peace: Discourses During His Visit to the United States in 1912. Wilmette, 1922.

Armajani, Yahya and Thomas M. Ricks, Middle East: past and present. Englewood Cliffs, 1986.

Black, Antony, The History of Islamic Political Thought. New York, 2001.

Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Ismail, Book of Muslim Morals and Manners tr. Yusuf Talal DeLorenzo. Alexandria, 1997.

Cook, Michael, Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong in Islamic Thought. Cambridge, 2000.

Cambridge History of Islam, The, 2 volumes ed. P. M. Holt, Ann K. S. Lambton, and Bernard Lewis. Cambridge, 1970.

Donaldson, Dwight M., Studies in Muslim Ethics. London, 1953.

Fakhry, Majid, Ethical Theories in Islam. Leiden, 1994.

Faruki, Kemal A., The Evolution of Islamic Constitutional Theory and Practice. Karachi, 1971.

Fisher, Sydney Nettleton and William Ochsenwald, The Middle East: A History, Volume 1. New York, 1997.

Great Dates in Islamic History ed. Robert Mantran. New York, 1996.

Great Thinkers of the Eastern World ed. Ian P. McGreal. New York, 1995.

Guillaume, Alfred, Islam. Middlesex, 1956.

Heritage of Sufism, The, Volume 3 ed. Leonard Lewisohn. Oxford, 1999.

History of Islamic Philosophy, Part 1 ed. Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman. London, 1996.

History of Muslim Philosophy, A ed. M. M. Sharif, Volume 2. Wiesbaden, 1966.

Hodgson, Marshall G. S., The Venture of Islam, Volume 3: The Gunpowder Empires and Modern Times. Chicago, 1977.

Hourani, George, Islamic Rationalism: The Ethics of ‘Abd al-Jabbar. Oxford, 1971.

Hourani, George F., Reason and Tradition in Islamic Ethics. Cambridge, 1985.

Ikbal Ali Shah, Sirdar, Islamic Sufism. New York, 1933.

Islamic Art ed. Pratapaditya Pal. Los Angeles, 1973.

Islamic World, The ed. William H. McNeill and Marilyn Robinson Waldman. Chicago, 1973.

Jackson, Sherman A., Islamic Law and the State: The Constitutional Jurisprudence of Shihab al-Din al-Qarafi. Leiden, 1996.

Lapidus, Ira M., A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge, 1988.

Lenczowski, George, The Middle East in World Affairs. Ithaca, 1980.

Lindholm, Charles, The Islamic Middle East: An Historical Anthropology. Oxford, 1996.

Mahmud, Sayyid Fayyaz, A Short History of Islam. Karachi, 1960.

Mansfield, Peter, A History of the Middle East. New York, 1991.

Middle East and Islamic World Reader, The ed. Marvin Gettleman and Stuart Schaar. New York, 2003.

Middle East and North Africa in World Politics, The, Volume 1: European Expansion 1535-1914 tr. and ed. J. C. Hurewitz. New Haven, 1975.

Morier, J. J., The Adventures of Hajji Baba of Ispahan. New York, 1947.

Muhammad’s People: A Tale by Anthology tr. Eric Schroeder. Portland, 1955.

Payne, Robert, The History of Islam. New York, 1959.

Political Aspects of Islamic Philosophy ed. Charles E. Butterworth. Cambridge, 1992.

Schimmel, Annemarie, Mystical Dimensions of Islam. Chapel Hill, 1975.

Shah, Idries, The Sufis. Garden City, 1964.

Sharib, Zahurul Hassan, Khawaja Gharib Nawaz. Lahore, 1961.

Tunisi, Khayr al-Din, The Surest Path tr. Leon Carl Brown. Cambridge, 1967.

Ullah, Najib, Islamic Literature. New York, 1963.

Ottoman Empire and Turkey

Abu Bakr Siraj Ed-Din, The Book of Certainty. New York, 1974.

Ahmad, Feroz, The Making of Modern Turkey. London, 1993.

Akçam, Taner, A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility tr. Paul Bessemer. New York, 2006.

And, Metin, A History of Theatre and Popular Entertainment in Turkey. Ankara, 1964.

Balakian, Peter, The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America’s Response. New York, 2003.

Berkes, Niyazi, The Development of Secularism in Turkey. New York, 1998.

Bournoutian, George A., A Concise History of the Armenian People. Costa Mesa, 2003.

Davison, Roderic H., Reform in the Ottoman Empire 1856-1876. Princeton, 1963.

Finkel, Caroline, Osman’s Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire 1300-1923. New York, 2005.

Freely, John, Inside the Seraglio: Private Lives of the Sultans in Istanbul. London, 1999.

Fromkin, David, A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East. New York, 1989.

Gokay, Bulent, A Clash of Empires: Turkey between Russian Boshevism and British Imperialism, 1918-1923. London, 1997.

Graber, G. S., Caravans to Oblivion: The Armenian Genocide, 1915. New York, 1996.

Great Ottoman-Turkish Civilization, Volume 1: Politics ed. Halil Inalcik. Ankara, 2000.

Great Ottoman-Turkish Civilization, Volume 2: Economy and Society ed. Kemal Cicek. Ankara, 2000.

Great Ottoman-Turkish Civilization, Volume 4: Culture and Arts ed. Kemal Cicek. Ankara, 2000.

Hale, William, Turkish Foreign Policy 1774-2000. London, 2000.

Hanioglu, M. Sukru, Preparation for a Revolution: The Young Turks, 1902-1908. Oxford, 2001.

Hanioglu, M. Sukru, The Young Turks in Opposition. Oxford, 1995.

Gibb, E. J. W., A History of Ottoman Poetry Volume 4-6. London, 1905, 1907.

Heritage of Armenian Literature, The Volume 2 ed. Agop J. Hacikyan et al. Detroit, 2002.

History of the Ottoman State, Society & Civilisation, Vol. 1 ed. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu. Istanbul, 2001.

Howard, Harry N., The Partition of Turkey: A Diplomatic History 1913-1923. New York, 1966.

Itzkowitz, Norman, Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition. Chicago, 1972.

Kansu, Aykut, The Revolution of 1908 in Turkey. Leiden, 1997.

Kinross, Lord, Ataturk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, Father of Modern Turkey. New York, 1964.

Kinross, Lord, The Ottoman Centuries. New York, 1977.

Koroglu, Erol, Ottoman Propaganda and Turkish Identity: Literature in Turkey during World War I. London, 2007.

Lewis, Bernard, The Emergence of Modern Turkey. New York, 2002.

Macfie, A. L., Ataturk. London, 1994.

Macfie, A. L., The End of the Ottoman Empire 1908-1923. London, 1998.

Mango,Andrew, Ataturk. Woodstock, 1999.

McCarthy, Justin, The Ottoman Turks: An Introductory History to 1923. London, 1997.

Ottoman Literature: The Poets and Poetry of Turkey tr. E. J. W. Gibb and Theodore P. Ion. New York, 1901.

Parry, V. J., A History of the Ottoman Empire to 1730. Cambridge, 1976.

Robinson, Richard D., The First Turkish Republic: A Case Study in National Development. Cambridge, 1963.

Seyhan, Azade, Tales of Crossed Destinies: The Modern Turkish Novel in a Comparative Context. New York, 2008.

Shaw, Stanford J. and Ezel Kural Shaw, History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Volume II: Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey, 1808-1975. Cambridge, 1977.

Sonyel, Salahi Ramsdan, Turkish Diplomacy 1918-1923. London, 1975.

Turkish Literature tr. Epiphanius Wilson. New York, 1901.

Zürcher, Erik J., Turkey: A Modern History. London, 2004.

Persia (Iran) and Afghanistan

Abrahamian, Ervand, A History of Modern Iran. Cambridge, 2008.

Abrahamian, Ervand, Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton, 1982.

Adamec, Ludwig W., Afghanistan, 1900-1923: A Diplomatic History. Berkeley, 1967.

Algar, Hamid, Mirza Malkum Khan: A Study in the History of Iranian Modernism. Berkeley, 1973.

Ansari, Ali M., Modern Iran. Essex, 2007.

Báb, Selections from the Writings of the tr. Habib Taherzadeh. Haifa, 1976.

Bahá’i World Faith: Selected Writings of Bahá’u’llah and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. Wilmette, 1956.

Bahá’u’llah, Gleanings from the Writings of tr. Shoghi Effendi. Wilmette, 1976.

Balyuzi, H. M., ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. London, 1971.

Balyuzi, H. M., Bahá’u’lláh. London, 1963.

Balyuzi, H. M., Bahá’u’llah: The King of Glory. Oxford, 1980.

Bausani, Alessandro, Religion in Iran from Zoroaster to Bahá’u’llah tr. J. M. Marchesi. New York, 2000.

Bayat, Mangol, Iran’s First Revolution: Shi‘ism and the Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1909. New York, 1991.

Browne, Edward G., A Literary History of Persia, Volume 4. Cambridge, 1924.

Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 6 ed. Peter Jackson. Cambridge, 1986.

Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 7 ed. Peter Avery, Gavin Hambly, and Charles Melville. Cambridge, 1991.

Circle of Peace: Reflections on the Bahá’í Teachings ed. Anthony A. Lee. Los Angeles, 1985.

Effendi, Shoghi, The World Order of Bahá’u’lláh. Wilmette, 1955.

Esslemont, J. E., Bahá’u’lláh and the New Era. New York, 1952.

Ewans, Martin, Afghanistan: A Short History of Its People and Politics. New York, 2002.

Fletcher, Arnold, Afghanistan: Highway of Conquest. Ithaca, 1965.

Fraser-Tytler, W. K., Afghanistan: A Study of Political Developments in Central and Southern Asia. London, 1953.

Hatcher, William S. and J. Douglas Martin, The Bahá’i Faith. San Francisco, 1984.

Hedayat, Sadegh, The Blind Owl tr. D. P. Costello. New York, 1957.

Katouzian, Homa, Sadeq Hedayat: The life and literature of an Iranian writer. London, 1991.

Kazemzadeh, Firuz, Russia and Britain in Persia, 1864-1914: A Study in Imperialism. New Haven, 1968.

Peace: More Than an End to War: Selections from the writings of Bahá’u’lláh, the Bab, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Shoghi Effendi, and the Universal House of Justice. Wilmette, 1986.

Ridgeon, Lloyd, Sufi Castigator: Ahmad Kasravi and the Iranian mystical tradition. London, 2006.

Safavid Persia ed. Charles Melville. London, 1996.

Savory, Roger, Iran Under the Safavids. Cambridge, 1980.

Sykes, Percy, A History of Persia, Volume 2. London, 1930.

Taherzadeh, Adib, The Covenant of Bahá’u’llah. Oxford, 1992.

Vogelsang, Willem, The Afghans. Oxford, 2002.

Arabia and Iraq

Alangari, Haifa, The Struggle for Power in Arabia: Ibn Saud, Hussein and Great Britain, 1914-1924. Reading, 1998.

Aldamer, Shafi, Saudi Arabia and Britain: Changing Relations, 1939-1953. Reading, 2003.

Almana, Mohammed, Arabia Unified: A Portrait of Ibn Saud. London, 1980.

Anscombe, Frederick F., The Ottoman Gulf: The Creation of Kuwait, Saudia Arabia, and Qatar. New York, 1997.

Antonius, George, The Arab Awakening: The Story of the Arab National Movement. New York, 1946.

Bakalla, M. H., Arabic Culture Through Its Language and Literature. London, 1984.

Burton, Richard F., Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Al-Madinah & Meccah, 2 volumes. New York, 1893.

Dawisha, Adeed, Iraq: A Political History from Independence to Occupation. Princeton, 2009.

Dresch, Paul, A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, 2000.

Hitti, Philip K., History of the Arabs. London, 1970.

Holden, David and Richard Johns, The House of Saud: The Rise and Rule of the Most Powerful Dynasty in the Arab World. New York, 1981.

Hourani, Albert, A History of the Arab Peoples. Cambridge, 1991.

Kostiner, Joseph, The Making of Saudi Arabia 1916-1936: From Chieftaincy to Monarchical State. Oxford, 1993.

Lawrence, The Essential T E: A biography out of his own writings. New York, 1951.

Lawrence, T. E., Seven Pillars of Wisdom: a triumph. Garden City, 1935.

Lawrence, T. E., The Mint: Notes Made in the R.A.F. Depot. New York, 1955.

Lawrence, T. E., The Revolt in the Desert. New York, 1927.

Longrigg, Stephen Hemsley, Four Centuries of Modern Iraq. Oxford, 1925.

Lukitz, Liora, Iraq: The Search for National Identity. London, 1995.

Nutting, Anthony, The Arabs. New York, 1964.

Penrose, Edith and E. F., Iraq: International Relations and National Development. London, 1978.

Tripp, Charles, A History of Iraq. Cambridge, 2000.

Vassiliev, Alexei, The History of Saudi Arabia. London, 1998.

Weston, Mark, Prophets and Princes: Saudi Arabia from Muhammad to the Present. Hoboken, 2008.

Wilson, Jeremy, Lawrence of Arabia: The Authorized Biography of T. E. Lawrence. New York, 1989.

Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan

Abu Nowar, Ma’an, A History  of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Volume 1: The Creation and Development of Transjordan 1920-1929. Reading, 1989.

Abu Nowar, Ma’an, A History  of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Volume 2: Development of Trans-Jordan 1929-1939. Reading, 2006.

Abu Nowar, Ma’an, A History  of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Volume 3: Struggle for Independence 1939-1947. Reading, 2001.

Chaitani, Youssef, Post-Colonial Syria and Lebanon: The Decline of Arab Nationalism and the Triumph of the State. London, 2007.

Firro, Kais M., Inventing Lebanon: Nationalism and the State under the Mandate. London, 2003.

Gibran, Kahlil, Between Night and Morn. New York, 1972.

Gibran, Kahlil, The Forerunner. New York, 1920.

Gibran, Kahlil, The Garden of the Prophet. New York, 1933.

Gibran, Kahlil, Jesus the Son of Man. New York, 1928.

Gibran, Kahlil, Nymphs of the Valley tr. H. M Nahmad. New York, 1948.

Gibran, Kahlil, The Procession tr. George Kheirallah. New York, 1986.

Gibran, Kahlil, The Prophet. New York, 1951.

Gibran, Kahlil, Prose Poems. New York, 1934.

Gibran, Kahlil, Sand and Foam. New York, 1926.

Gibran, Kahlil, A Self-Portrait tr. Anthony R. Ferris.  New York, 1959.

Gibran, Kahlil, Spirits Rebellious. New York, 1947.

Gibran, Kahlil, A Tear and a Smile tr. H. M Nahmad. New York, 1950.

Gibran, Kahlil, The Voice of the Master. tr. Anthony R. Ferris.  New York, 1958.

Gibran, Kahlil, The Wanderer: His Parables and Sayings. New York, 1960.

Khoury, Philip S., Syria and the French Mandate: The Politics of Arab Nationalism 1920-1945. Princeton, 1987.

Shambrook, Peter A., French Imperialism in Syria 1927-1936. Reading, 1998.

Tibawi, A. L., A Modern History of Syria including Lebanon and Palestine. London, 1969.

Young, Barbara, This Man from Lebanon: A Study of Kahlil Gibran. New York, 1945.

Palestine and Zionism

Buber, Martin, Between Man and Man tr. Ronald Gregor Smith. London, 1947.

Buber, Martin, Pointing the Way: Collected Essays. Freeport, 1957.

Buber, Martin, A Land of Two Peoples: Martin Buber on Jews and Arabs ed. Paul Mendes-Flohr. Chicago, 1983.

Cohen, Aharon, Israel and the Arab World. New York, 1970.

Finkelstein, Norman H., Theodor Herzl. New York, 1987.

Gilbert, Martin, Israel: A History. New York, 1998.

Graetz, Heinrich, History of the Jews, Vol. 5. Philadelphia, 1895.

Hadawi, Sami, Bitter Harvest: A Modern History of Palestine. New York, 1989.

Khaladi, Walid, From Haven to Conquest: Readings in Zionism and the Palestine Problem until 1948. Beirut, 1971.

Kimmerling, Baruch and Joel S. Migdal, The Palestinian People: A History. Cambridge, 2003.

Kramer, Gudrun, A History of Palestine from the Ottoman Conquest to the Founding of the State of Israel tr. Graham Harman and Gudrun Kramer. Princeton, 2008.

Laqueur, Walter, A History of Zionism. New York, 1972.

Lesch, Ann Mosely, Arab Politics in Palestine, 1917-1939: The Frustration of a Nationalist Movement. Ithaca, 1979.

Sachar, Howard M., A History of Israel: From the Rise of Zionism to Our Time. New York, 1979.

Schama, Simon, Two Rothschilds and the Land of Israel. London, 1978.

Segev, Tom, One Palestine Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate tr. Haim Watzman. New York, 2000.

Stewart, Desmond, Theodor Herzl: Artist and Politician: A Biography of the father modern Israel. Garden City, 1974

Tessler, Mark, A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Bloomington, 1994.

Africa 1600-1950

Africa: The Heritage and the Challenge ed. Joan G. Roland. Greenwich, 1974.

Africa and Its Explorers ed. Robert I. Rotberg. Cambridge, 1970.

Africa and the West: Intellectual Responses to European Culture ed. Philip D. Curtin. Madison, 1972.

Africa in Prose ed. O. R. Dathorne and Willfried Feuser. Baltimore, 1969.

African Folkore ed. Richard M. Dorson. Garden City, 1972.

African Heritage: An Anthology of Black African Personality and Culture ed. Jacob Drachler. New York, 1963.

African Philosophy: An Anthology ed. Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze. Malden, 1998.

Cambridge History of Africa, The, Vol. 4 from c. 1600 to c.1790 ed. Richard Gray. Cambridge, 1975.

Cambridge History of Africa, The, Vol. 5 from c. 1790 to c. 1870 ed. John E. Flint. Cambridge, 1976.

Cambridge History of Africa, The, Vol. 6 from c. 1870 to 1905 ed. Roland Oliver and G. N. Sanderson. Cambridge, 1985.

Cambridge History of Africa, The, Vol. 7 from 1905 to 1940 ed. A. D. Roberts. Cambridge, 1986.

Cambridge History of Africa, The, Vol. 8 from c. 1940 to c. 1975 ed. Michael Crowder. Cambridge, 1984.

Cugoano, Quobna Ottobah, Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evil of Slavery and Other Writings. New York, 1999.

Curtin, Philip et al, African History. Boston, 1978.

Dathorne, O. R., The Black Mind: A History of African Literature. Minneapolis, 1974.

Davidson, Basil, Africa in History. London, 1974.

Davidson, Basil, African Kingdoms. New York, 1966.

Davidson, Basil, The African Slave Trade. Boston, 1980.

Davidson, Basil, The African Past: Chronicles from Antiquity to Modern Times. Boston, 1964.

Du Bois, W. E. Burghardt, The World and Africa: An inquiry into the part which Africa has played in world history. New York, 1965.

Fisher, Humphrey J., Slavery in the History of Muslim Black Africa. New York, 2001.

Freeman-Grenville, G. S. P., Chronology of African History. Oxford, 1973.

General History of Africa, Vol. 5. Africa from the Sixteenth to Eighteenth Century ed. B. A. Ogot. Oxford, 1992.

General History of Africa, Vol. 6. The Nineteenth Century until 1880 ed. J. F. Ade Ajayi. Oxford, 1989.

General History of Africa, Vol. 7. Africa under Colonial Domination 1880-1935. ed. A. Adu Boahen. Paris, 1985.

Hallett, Robin, Africa to 1875. Ann Arbor, 1970.

Hallett, Robin, Africa Since 1875. Ann Arbor, 1974.

Horizon History of Africa, The ed. Alvin M. Josephy, Jr. New York, 1971.

July, Robert W., A History of the African People. New York, 1980.

Magesa, Laurenti, African Religion: The Moral Traditions of Abundant Life. Maryknoll, 1997.

Mbiti, John S., African Religions and Philosophy. New York, 1969.

Nineteenth-Century Africa ed. P. J. M. McEwan. London, 1968.

Pakenham, Thomas, The Scramble for Africa: White Man’s Conquest of the Dark Continent From 1876 to 1912. New York, 1991.

Problems in African History: The Precolonial Centuries ed. Robert O. Collins. New York, 1993.

Reader, John, Africa: A Biography of the Continent. New York, 1997.

Readings in African Traditional Religion ed. E. M. Uka. Bern, 1991.

Scholefield, Alan, The Dark Kingdoms: The Impact of White Civilization on Three Great African Monarchies. New York, 1975.

Shillington, Kevin, History of Africa. New York, 1995.

Sundermeier, Theo, The Individual and Community in African Traditional Religions. Hamburg, 1998.

Welch, Galbraith, Africa: Before They Came. New York, 1965.

Egypt, Sudan, and Libya

Ahmida, Ali Abdullatif, The Making of Modern Libya: State Formation, Colonization, and Resistance, 1830-1932. Albany, 1994.

Annesley, George, The Rise of Modern Egypt: A Century and a Half of Egyptian History 1798-1957. Edinburgh, 1994.

Cambridge History of Egypt, The, Vol. 2 ed. M. W. Daly. Cambridge, 1998.

Churchill, Winston S., The River War: An account of the re-conquest of the Soudan. London, 1962.

Green, Dominic, Three Empires on the Nile: The Victorian Jihad, 1869-1899. New York, 2007.

Khadduri, Majid, Modern Libya: A Study in Political Development. Baltimore, 1963.

Magnus, Philip, Kitchener: Portrait of an Imperialist. New York, 1958.

Marlowe, John, Anglo-Egyptian Relations 1800-1956. London, 1965.

Marlowe, John, A History of Modern Egypt and Anglo-Egyptian Relations 1800-1953. New York, 1954.

Marsot, Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid, Egypt in the Reign of Muhammad Ali. Cambridge, 1984.

Stadiem, William, Too Rich: The High Life and Tragic Death of King Farouk. New York, 1991.

Trench, Charles Chenevix, The Road to Khartoum: A Life of General Charles Gordon. New York, 1978.

Algeria, Tunis, and Morocco

Abun-Nasr, Jamil M., A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. Cambridge, 1987.

Brower, Benjamin Claude, A Desert Named Peace: The Violence of France’s Empire in the Algerian Sahara, 1844-1902. New York, 2009.

Confer, Vincent, France and Algeria: The Problem of Civil and Political Reform, 1870-1920. Syracuse, 1966.

Cooley, John K., Baal, Christ, and Mohammed: Religion and Revolution in North Africa. New York, 1965.

Halstead, John P., Rebirth of a Nation: The Origins and Rise of Moroccan Nationalism, 1912-1944. Cambridge, 1967.

Julien, Charles-André, History of North Africa: Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco tr. John Petrie. London, 1970.

Landau, Rom, Moroccan Drama 1900-1955. San  Francisco, 1956.

Moorish Literature tr. René Basset. New York, 1901.

Parsons, F. V., The Origins of the Morocco Question 1880-1900. London, 1976.

Perkins, Kenneth J., A History of Modern Tunisia. Cambridge, 2004.

Porch, Douglas, The Conquest of Morocco. New York, 1982.

Ruedy, John, Modern Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation. Bloomington, 2005.

Valensi, Lucette, On the Eve of Colonialism: North Africa Before the French Conquest tr. Kenneth J. Perkins. New York, 1977.

Wolf, John B., The Barbary Coast: Algeria under the Turks. New York, 1979.

West Africa

Azikiwe, Nnamdi, Liberia in World Politics. Westport, 1934.

Blyden, Edward W., Christianity, Islam and the Negro Race. Edinburgh, 1967.

Blyden, Edward Wilmot, Black Spokesman: Selected Published Writings of ed. Hollis R. Lynch. New York, 1971.

Cary, Joyce, The Case for African Freedom and Other Writings on Africa. Austin, 1962.

Claridge, W. Walton, A History of the Gold Coast and Ashanti, Volume 1. London, 1964.

Crowder, Michael, West Africa under Colonial Rule. London, 1968.

Curtin, Philip D. The Atlantic Slave Trade. Madison, 1969.

Falola, Toyin and Mathew M. Heaton. A History of Nigeria. Cambridge, 2008.

Hargreaves, John D., West Africa Partitioned, Volume 1: the Loaded Pause, 1885-1889. Madison, 1974.

History of West Africa, 2 volumes ed. J. F. A. Ajayi and Michael Crowder. New York, 1971, 1974.

Horton, James Africanus, West African Countries and Peoples. Edinburgh, 1969.

Huberich, Charles Henry, The Political and Legislative History of Liberia, Volume 1. New York, 1947.

Hughes, Arnold and David Perfect, A Political History of Gambia, 1816-1994. Rochester, 2006.

Kimble, David, A Political History of Ghana: The Rise of Gold Coast Nationalism 1850-1928. Oxford, 1963.

Kilson, Martin, Political Change in a West African State: A Study of the Modernization Process in Sierra Leone. Cambridge, 1966.

Mack, Beverly B. and Jean Boyd, One Woman’s Jihad: Nana Asma’u Scholar and Scribe. Bloomington, 2000.

Norris, H. T., The Tuaregs: Their Islamic Legacy and Its Diffusion in the Sahel. Wilts, 1975.

Parrinder, Geoffrey, West African Religion. London, 1961.

Trimingham, J. Spencer, A History of Islam in West Africa. London, 1962.

Ward, W. E. F., A History of Ghana. London, 1958.

Webster, J. B. and A. A. Boahen, History of West Africa: The Revolutionary Years—1815 to Independence. New York, 1967.

West, Richard, Back to Africa: A History of Sierra Leone and Liberia. London, 1970.

West African Resistance: The military response to colonial occupation ed. Michael Crowder. New York, 1971.

Ethiopia and Somaliland

Ethiopian Chronicles, The ed. Richard K. P. Pankhurst. Addis Adaba, 1967.

Henze, Paul B., Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia. New York, 2000.

Lewis, I. M., The Modern History of Somaliland from Nation to State. New York, 1965.

Marcus, Harold G., A History of Ethiopia. Berkeley, 2002.

Touval, Saadia, Somali Nationalism: International Politics and the  Drive for Unity in the Horn of Africa. Cambridge, 1963.

East Africa

Beachey, R. W., The Slave Trade of Eastern Africa. New York, 1976.

Coupland, R., East Africa and Its Invaders from the Earliest Times to the Death of Seyyid Said in 1856. Oxford, 1938.

Coupland, Reginald, The Exploitation of East Africa 1856-1890. Northwestern University, 1967.

Davidson, Basil, A History of East and Central Africa. Garden City, 1969.

History of East Africa, Volume 1 ed. Roland Oliver and Gervase Mathew. Oxford, 1963.

History of East Africa, Volume 2 ed. Vincent Harlow et al. Oxford, 1965.

Ingham, Kenneth, A History of East Africa. London, 1965.

Jeal, Tim, Livingstone. London, 1973.

Leadership in Eastern Africa: Six Political Biographies ed. Norman R. Bennett. Boston, 1968.

Maxon, Robert, East Africa: An Introductory History. Morgantown, 2009.

Reusch, Richard, History of East Africa. New York, 1961.

Strandes, Justus, The Portuguese Period in East Africa tr. Jean F. Wallwork. Nairobi, 1961.

Congo, Mozambique, and Angola

Bierman, John, Dark Safari: The Life Behind the Legend of Henry Morton Stanley. New York, 1990.

Dorsey, Learthen, Historical Dictionary of Rwanda. Metuchen, 1994.

Dugard, Martin, Into Africa: The Epic Adventures of Stanley & Livingstone. New York, 2003.

Edgerton,  Robert B., The Troubles Heart of Africa: A History of the Congo. New York, 2002.

Henriksen, Thomas H., Mozambique: A History. London, 1978.

Heywood, Linda, Contested Power in Angola, 1940s to the Present. Rochester, 2000.

Hochschild, Adam, King Leopold’s Ghost. Boston, 1998.

Vansina, Jan, The Tio Kingdom of the Middle Congo 1882-1892. London, 1973.

West, Richard, Congo. New York, 1972.

Southern Africa

Blake, Robert, A History of Rhodesia. London, 1977.

Bryant, A. T., Olden Times in Zululand and Natal. Capetown, 1965.

Chidester, David, Savage Systems: Colonialism and Comparative Religion in Southern Africa. Charlottesville, 1996.

Cory, G. E., The Rise of South Africa, Volume 1. Capetown, 1965.

Davenport, T.  R. H. and Christopher Saunders, South Africa: A Modern History. London, 2000.

Etherington, Norman, The Great Treks: The Transformation of Southern Africa 1815-1854. Harlow, 2001.

Gandhi, M. K., Satyagraha in South Africa. Ahmedabad, 1928.

Gann, L. H., A History of Northern Rhodesia: Early Days to 1953. London, 1963.

Goldblatt, I., History of South West Africa from the beginning of the nineteenth century. Cape Town, 1971.

Hancock, W. K., Smuts: The Sanguine Years 1870-1919. Cambridge, 1962.

Hancock, W. K., Smuts: The Fields of Force 1919-1950. Cambridge, 1968.

Illustrated History of South Africa. Pleasantvllle, 1988.

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Copyright © 2010 by Sanderson Beck

This book has been published as Mideast & Africa 1700-1950.
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Ottoman Empire 1600-1907
Ottoman Fall and Turkey 1908-1950
Persia (Iran) and Afghanistan 1600-1950
Arabia, Yemen, and Iraq 1600-1950
Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan 1600-1950
Palestine and Zionism 1600-1950
Egypt, Sudan, and Libya 1600-1950
Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco 1600-1950
West Africa and the French 1600-1950
West Africa and the British 1600-1950
Ethiopia and Somaliland 1600-1950
East Africa 1600-1950
Congo, Angola, and Mozambique 1600-1950
Southern Africa 1700-1950
Summary and Evaluation


World Chronological Index
Chronology of Asia & Africa to 1800
Chronology of Asia & Africa 1800-1950
Mideast & Africa to 1950

BECK index