BECK index

Europe 1648-1715


General and Miscellaneous
England, Scotland, and Ireland
Spain and Portugal
Italian City States
Austrian Empire, Germany and Switzerland
Poland-Lithuania and Russia

EUROPE & Kings 1648-1715 has been published as a book.
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General and Miscellaneous

Age of Reason, The: The 17th Century Philosophers ed. Stuart Hampshire. New York, 1956.
Anderson, Bonnie S. and Judith P. Zinsser, A History of Their Own: Women in Europe from Prehistory to the Present, 2 volumes. New York, 1988.
Brock, Peter, Freedom from Violence: Sectarian Nonresistance from the Middle Ages to the Great War. Toronto, 1991.
Butler’s Lives of the Saints ed. Michael Walsh. San Francisco, 1985.
Cambridge Modern History, The, Volume V: The Age of Louis XIV. ed. Lord Acton et al. New York, 1907.
Caron, M. and S. Hutin, The Alchemists tr. Helen R. Lane. New York, 1961.
Christian Ethics ed. Waldo Beach and H. Richard Niebuhr. New York, 1955.
Chronicle of the World ed. Hazel Bedford et al. New York, 1989.
Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 4 Modern Philosophy: Descartes to Leibniz. Garden City, 1960.
Cragg, Gerald R., The Church and the Age of Reason 1648-1789. Middlesex, 1970.
Cultures of the Jews: A New History ed. David Biale. New York, 2002.
Development of Civilization, The: A Documentary History of Politics, Society, and Thought, Volume 1 ed. Harry J. Carroll, Jr. et al. Chicago, 1961.
Durant, Will and Ariel, The Age of Louis XIV: A History of European Civilization in the Period of Pascal, Molière, Cromwell, Milton, Peter the Great, Newton, and Spinoza: 1648-1715. New York, 1963.
Early Modern Europe: Crisis of Authority ed. Eric Cochrane, Charles M. Gray, and Mark A. Kishlansky. Chicago, 1987.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 30 volumes. Chicago, 1975.
Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 volumes ed. Paul Edwards. New York, 1967.
Encyclopedia of World History, An ed. William L. Langer. Boston, 1980.
Foucault, Michel, Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason tr. Richard Howard. New York, 1965.
Fremantle, Anne, The Papal Encyclicals in Their Historical Context. New York, 1956.
Friedrich, Carl J., The Age of the Baroque 1610-1660. New York, 1952.
Graetz, Heinrich, History of the Jews, Volumes 4-5. Philadelphia, 1894-95.
Hazard, Paul, The European Mind 1680-1715. Cleveland, 1963.
Heer, Friedrich, The Intellectual History of Europe, Volume II The Counter-Reformation to 1945 tr. Jonathan Steinberg. Garden City, 1953.
Hill, Christopher, The Century of Revolution 1603-1714. New York, 1961.
History of Women in the West, A, Volume III: Renaissance and Enlightenment Paradoxes ed. Natalie Zemon Davis and Arlette Farge. Cambridge, 1993.
Hughes, Philip, The Church in Crisis: A History of the General Councils 325-1870. Garden City, 1961.
Israel, Jonathan I., European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550-1750. London, 1998.
Kaplan, Yosef, An Alternative Path to Modernity: The Sephardi Diaspora in Western Europe. Leiden, 2000.
Kochan, Lionel, The Making of Western Jewry, 1600-1819. London, 2004.
Leon, Vicki, Uppity Women of the Renaissance. Boston, 1999.
Lovejoy, Arthur O., The Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of an Idea. New York, 1936.
Mahan, Captain Alfred Thayer, The Influence of Sea Power upon History 1660-1783. New York, 1957.
Masterpieces of Catholic Literature in Summary Form ed. Frank N. Magill. New York, 1965.
Masterplots: 15-Volume Combined Edition 1510 Plot-Stories and Essay-Reviews from the World’s Fine Literature ed. Frank N. Magill. New York, 1964.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume V: The Ascendancy of France 1648-88 ed. F. L. Carsten. Cambridge, 1961.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume VI: The Rise of Great Britain and Russia 1688-1715/25 ed. J. S. Bromley. Cambridge, 1970.
Parker, Geoffrey, Global Crisis: War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century. New Haven, 2013.
Quick, Robert Hebert, Essays on Educational Reformers. New York, 1890.
Rabb, Theodore K., The Struggle for Stability in Early Modern Europe. New York, 1975.
Reader’s Encyclopedia of World Drama, The ed. John Gassner & Edward Quinn. New York, 1969.
Standard Jewish Encyclopedia, The ed. Cecil Roth. Garden City, 1959.
Stuart, Tristram, The Bloodless Revolution: A Cultural History of Vegetarianism from 1600 to Modern Times. New York, 2006.
Three Thousand Years of Educational Wisdom: Selections from Great Documents ed. Robert Ulich. Cambridge, 1954.
Times Atlas of World History, The ed. Geoffrey Barraclough. Maplewood, 1984.
Trager, James, The People’s Chronology. New York, 1992.
Ulich, Robert, History of Educational Thought. New York, 1968.
Willey, Basil, The Seventeenth Century Background: The Thought of the Age in Relation to Poetry and Religion. Garden City, 1935.
Williams, Neville, Chronology of the Expanding World 1492 to 1762. New York, 1969.
Wisdom of Catholicism, The ed. Anton C. Pegis. New York, 1949.
Wisdom of Israel, The, ed. Lewis Browne. New York, 1945.
Wolf, John B., The Emergence of the Great Powers 1685—1715. New York, 1951.

England, Scotland, and Ireland

Addison, Joseph and Richard Steele & Others, The Spectator, Vol. 1. London, 1907.
Ashley, Maurice, Charles II: The Man and the Statesman. New York, 1971.
Ashley, Maurice, England in the Seventeenth Century. Middlesex, 1961.
Ashley, Maurice, Great Britain to 1688. Ann Arbor, 1961.
Ashley, Maurice, The Greatness of Oliver Cromwell. New York, 1962.
Aubrey’s Brief Lives ed. Oliver Lawson Dick. Middlesex, 1949.
Baxter, Stephen B., William III and the Defense of European Liberty 1650-1792. New York, 1966.
Behn, Aphra, Oroonoko, The Rover and Other Works ed. Janet Todd. London, 1992.
Behn, Aphra, The Rover, The Feigned Courtesans, The Lucky Chance, The Emperor of the Moon. Oxford, 1995.
Ben Jonson and the Cavalier Poets ed. Hugh Maclean. New York, 1974.
Bennett, Martyn, Oliver Cromwell. London, 2006.
Berkeley, George, The Works of, Including his Posthumous Works ed. Alexander Campbell Fraser, Volume 4. Oxford, 1901.
Berkeley, George, Works on Vision ed. Colin Murray Turbayne. Indianapolis, 1963.
Berkeley’s Philosophical Writings ed. David M. Armstrong. London, 1965.
Braddick, Michael, God’s Fury, England’s Fire: A New History of the English Civil Wars. London, 2008.
British Authors Before 1800: A Biographical Dictionary ed. Stanley J. Kunitz and Howard Haycraft. New York, 1952.
British Dramatists from Dryden to Sheridan ed. George H. Nettleton and Arthur E. Case. Boson, 1969.
Broadview Anthology of Restoration & Early Eighteenth-Century Drama, The ed. J. Douglas Canfield. Orchard Park, 2001.
Browne, Thomas, The Major Works. Middlesex, 1977.
Bryant, Arthur, Samuel Pepys: The Man in the Making. New York, 1933.
Bull, John, Vanbrugh & Farquhar. London, 1998.
Bunyan, John, Grace Abounding with Other Spiritual Autobiographies. Oxford, 1998.
Bunyan, John, The Life and Death of Mr. Badman. Oxford, 1988.
Bunyan, John, The Pilgrim’s Progress ed. Cynthia Wall. New York, 2009.
Bunyan, John, The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World to That Which Is to Come. Westwood, 1985.
Burnet, Bishop Gilbert, History of His Own Time ed. Thomas Stackhouse. London, 1979.
Campbell, Gordon and Thomas N. Corns, John Milton: Life, Work, and Thought. Oxford, 2008.
Canfield, J. Douglas, Nicholas Rowe and Christian Tragedy. Gainesville, 1977.
Charnock, Stephen, Discourses upon the Existence and Attributes of God, 2 volumes. Grand Rapids, 1853.
Churchill, Winston, Marlborough: His Life and Times ed. Henry Steele Commager. New York, 1968.
Clare, Janet, Drama of the English Republic, 1649-60. Manchester, 2002.
Clark, George, The Later Stuarts 1660-1714. London, 1961.
Clark, Henry W., History of English Nonconformity from Wyclif to the Close of the Nineteenth Century. London, 1911.
Cobbet, William, A History of the Protestant Reformation in England & Ireland Written in 1824-1827. Rockford, 1896.
Congreve, William, (Complete Plays) ed. Alexander Charles Ewald. New York, 1956.
Congreve, William, The Complete Plays of ed. Gerald Weales. Garden City, 1966.
Cooper, Anthony Ashley, Third Earl of Shaftesbury, Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times. Cambridge, 1999.
Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 5 Modern Philosophy: The British Philosophers, Part I: Hobbes to Paley. Garden City, 1959.
Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 5 Modern Philosophy: The British Philosophers, Part II: Berkeley to Hume. Garden City, 1959.
Coward, Barry, The Stuart Age: A History of England 1603-1714. London, 1980.
Cowles, Virginia, The Great Marlborough and His Duchess. New York, 1983.
Cromwell ed. Maurice Ashley. Englewood Cliffs, 1969.
Cromwell’s Letters and Speeches, Oliver, 2 volumes ed. Thomas Carlyle. Boston, 1885.
Curtis, Edmund, A History of Ireland From Earliest Times to 1922. London, 2002.
Davies, Godfrey, The Early Stuarts 1603-1660. London, 1959.
Davies, Adrian, The Quakers in English Society 1655-1725. Oxford, 2000.
Davies, John, A History of Wales. London, 1993.
De Krey, Gary S., Restoration and Revolution in Britain: A Political History of the Era of Charles II and the Glorious Revolution. London, 2007.
Defoe’s Review, The Best of ed. William L. Payne. New York, 1951.
Divine Right and Democracy: An Anthology of Political Writing in Stuart England ed. David Wootton. London, 1986.
Dodds, John Wendell, Thomas Southerne Dramatist. New Haven, 1933.
Donaldson, Gordon, Scotland: James V to James VII. Edinburgh, 1971.
Dryden, John (Three Plays) ed. George Saintsbury. New York, no date.
Dryden, John, The Works of, Volume IX Plays: The Indian Emperour, Secret Love, Sir Martin Mar-All. Berkeley, 1966.
Dryden, John, The Poetical Works of. New York, no date.
Dryden, John, Volume II. London, 1950.
Eighteenth Century Plays Introduction by Ricardo Quintana. New York, 1952.
English Levellers, The ed. Andrew Sharp. Cambridge, 1998.
Farquhar, George, The Constant Couple, The Twin Rivals, The Recruiting Officer, The Beaux’ Stratagem. Oxford, 1995.
Female Wits, The: Women Playwrights on the London Stage 1660-1720 ed. Fidelis Morgan. London, 1981.
Ferguson, William, Scotland 1689 to the Present. Edinburgh, 1968.
Finerty, John F., Ireland: The People’s History of Ireland, Volume 1. New York, 1904.
Foxley, Rachel, The Levellers: Radical political thought in the English Revolution. Manchester, 2013.
Fox, George, The Journal of ed. Rufus M. Jones. Richmond, 1976.
Fox’s Book of Martyrs: A History of the Lives, Sufferings and Triumphant Deaths of the Early Christian and the Protestant Martyrs ed. William Byron Forbush. Grand Rapids, 1926.
Frank, Joseph, The Levellers: A History of the Writings of Three Seventeenth-Century Social Democrats: John Lilburne, Richard Overton, William Walwyn. Cambridge, 1955.
Fraser, Antonia, Cromwell: The Lord Protector. New York, 1973.
Fraser, Antonia, Royal Charles: Charles II and the Restoration. New York, 1979.
Fraser, Antonia, The Weaker Vessel: Women in 17th-century England. New York, 1984.
From Dryden to Johnson ed. Boris Ford. Baltimore, 1965.
Gardiner, Samuel Rawson, History of the Commonwealth and Protectorate 1649-1656, 4 volumes. New York, 1965.
Gentles, Ian, The English Revolution and the Wars in the Three Kingdoms 1638-1652. Harlow, 2007.
Gramont, Count de, Memoirs of the Court of Charles II. New York, 1910.
Green, David, Queen Anne. London, 1970.
Gregg, Edward, Queen Anne. London, 1980.
Harrington, James, The Political Works of ed. J. G. A. Pocock. Cambridge,
Harris, Tim, The Great Crisis of the British Monarchy 1685-1720. London, 2006.
Harris, Tim, Restoration: Charles II and his Kingdoms 1660-1685. London, 2005.
Hill, Christopher, The Century of Revolution 1603-1714. New York, 1961.
Hill, Christopher, Milton and the English Revolution. Middlesex, 1977.
Hill, Christopher, Puritanism and Revolution: Studies in Interpretation of the English Revolution of the 17th Century. New York, 1958.
Hinds, Hilary, George Fox and early Quaker culture. Manchester, 2011.
Hirst, Derek, Authority and Conflict: England 1603-1658. London, 1986.
Hirst, Derek, England and Conflict, 1603-1660 Kingdom, Community, Commonwealth. London, 1999.
Hobbes, Thomas, De Cive or The Citizen ed. Sterling P. Lamprecht. New York, 1949.
Hobbes, Thomas, De Homine and De Cive tr. Charles T. Wood et al ed. Bernard Gert. Indianapolis, 1991.
Hobbes, Thomas, Leviathan, Or, Matter, Form, and Power of a Commonwealth Ecclesiastical and Civil. Chicago, 1952.
Hone, J. M. and M. M. Rossi, Bishop Berkeley: His Life, Writings, and Philosophy. London, 1931.
Hoppit, Julian, A Land of Liberty? England 1689-1727. Oxford, 200.
Horwitz, Henry, Parliament, policy and politics in the reign of William III. Manchester, 1977.
Hume, David, The History of England, Volumes 5-6. Philadelphia, 1876.
Hutton, Ronald, Charles the Second King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Oxford, 1989.
Janney, Samuel M., History of the Religious Society of Friends from its Rise to the Year 1828, Volumes 1-2. Philadelphia, 1859, 1861.
Jones, D. W., War and Economy in the Age of William III and Marlborough. Oxford, 1988.
Jones, J. R., The Revolution of 1688 in England. New York, 1972.
Keeble, N. H., The Restoration: England in the 1660s. Malden, 2002.
Lee, Nathaniel, The Works of ed. Thomas B. Stroup and Arthur L. Clarke. Volume 1. New Brunswick, 1954
Lewalski, Barbara K., The Life of John Milton: A Critical Biography. Oxford, 2000.
Libertine Plays of the Restoration ed. Gillian Manning. London, 2001.
Link, Frederick M., Aphra Behn. New York, 1968.
Lives of the Stuart Age 1603-1714 ed. Edwin Riddell. New York, 1976.
Locke, Political Essays. Cambridge, 1997.
Locke, John, A Letter Concerning Toleration, Concerning Civil Government, Second Essay, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Chicago, 1952.
Locke, John, The Reasonableness of Christianity As delivered in the Scriptures. Oxford, 1999.
Locke, John, On Politics and Education. Roslyn, 1947.
Locke, John, Two Treatises of Government ed. Peter Laslett. New York, 1960.
Lockyer, Roger, Tudor and Stuart Britain 1471-1714. Harlow, 1985.
Macauley, Lord, The History of England ed. Hugh Trevor-Roper. London, 1968.
Macauley, Thomas Babington, The History of England from the Accession of James II, 5 volumes. Chicago, 1885.
Mackie, J. D., A History of Scotland. Middlesex, 1964.
Magnusson, Magnus, Scotland: The Story of a Nation. New York, 2000.
Metaphysical Poets, The ed. Helen Gardner. London, 1972.
Milton, John, Areopagitica and Of Education with Autobiographical Passages from Other Prose Works. New York, 1951.
Milton, Complete Prose Works of John, Volumes 1-2. New Haven, 1953, 1959.
Milton, John, English Minor Poems. Chicago, 1952.
Milton, John, Paradise Lost ed. Scott Elledge. New York, 1993.
Milton, John, The Prose of ed. J. Max Patrick. Garden City, 1967.
New History of Ireland, A, Volume III: Early Modern Ireland 1534-1691 ed. T. W. Moody et al. Oxford, 1976.
New History of Ireland, A, Volume VIII: A Chronology of Irish History to 1976 ed. T. W. Moody et al. Oxford, 1982.
Newton, Isaac, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, Optics. Chicago, 1952.
Nicolson, Marjorie Hope, John Milton: A reader’s guide to his poetry. New York, 1963.
Novak, Maximillian E., William Congreve. New York, 1971.
Ogg, David, England in the Reign of Charles II. London, 1956.
Ogg, David, England in the Reigns of James II and William III. London, 1955.
Otten, Robert M., Joseph Addison. Boston, 1982.
Otway, Thomas, The Works of: Plays, Poems, and Love-letters, 2 volumes ed. J. C. Ghosh. Oxford, 1932.
Oxford Companion to Irish History, The ed. S. J. Connolly. 2002.
Parker, William Riley, Milton: A Biography, Volume I: The Life ed. Gordon Campbell. Oxford, 1996.
Patterson, Annabel, The Long Parliament of Charles II. New Haven, 2008.
Penn, William, on Religion and Ethics, 2 volumes ed. Hugh S. Barbour. Lewiston, 1991.
Penn, William, The Select Works of in three volumes. London, 1825.
Penn, William, Some Fruits of Solitude and More Fruits of Solitude. New York, 1937.
Penn, The Witness of William ed. Frederick B. Tolles and E. Gordon Alderfer. New York, 1957.
Pepys, Samuel, The Diary of, 2 volumes ed. Henry B. Wheatley. New York, 1893.
Restoration and Augustan Poets: Milton to Goldsmith ed. W. H. Auden and Norman Holmes Pearson. New York, 1950.
Restoration and 18th-Century Comedy ed. Scott McMillin. New York, 1973.
Restoration and 18th-Century Drama Introduction by Arthur H. Scouten. New York, 1980.
Restoration Drama: An Anthology ed. Oxford, 2000.
Restoration Plays Introduction by Brice Harris. New York, 1953.
Rhys, John and David Brynmor-Jones, The Welsh People. London, 1923.
Rogers, Katharine M., William Wycherley. New York, 1972.
Rose, Craig, England in the 1690s: Revolution, Religion and War. Oxford, 1999.
Rothstein, Eric, George Farquhar. New York, 1967.
Rowe, Nicholas, The Dramatick Works of, Volume the Second. London, 1720.
Rowse, A. L., The Early Churchills. Middlesex, 1958.
Scot, Walter, Scotland, Volume 1. New York, 1901.
Shorter Novels: Seventeenth Century ed. Philip Henderson. London, 1930.
Six Restoration Plays ed. John Harold Wilson. Boston, 1959.
Smith, Preserved, The Enlightenment 1687-1776. New York, 1962.
Sources of English Constitutional History ed. Carl Stephenson and Frederick George Macham. New York, 1937.
Steele and Addison, Selections from the Tatler and the Spectator of ed. Angus Ross. Middlesex, 1982.
Stuart Constitution 1603-1688, The: Documents and Commentary ed. J. P. Kenyon. London, 1966.
Swift, Jonathan, The Writings of ed. Robert A. Greenberg and William B. Piper. New York, 1973.
Tanner, J. R., English Constitutional Conflicts of the Seventeenth Century 1603-1689. Cambridge, 1928.
Trevelyan, G. M., History of England, Volume 2: The Tudors and the Stuart Era. Garden City, 1952.
Trevelyan, George Macaulay, Blenheim: England under Queen Anne, Volume 1. London, 1930.
University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Volume 6 Early Modern Europe: Crisis of Authority ed. Eric Cochrane et al. Chicago, 1987.
Vanbrugh, John, The Relapse, The Provoked Wife, The Confederacy, A Journey to London, The Country House. Oxford, 2004.
Venning, Timothy, Cromwellian Foreign Policy. London, 1995.
Warner, Kerstin, P., Thomas Otway. Boston, 1982.
Webb, Stephen Saunders, Lord Churchill’s Coup: The Anglo-American Empire and the Glorious Revolution Reconsidered. New York, 1995.
Winn, James Anderson, John Dryden and His World. New Haven, 1987.
Woolhouse, Roger, Locke: A Biography. Cambridge, 2007.
Woolrych, Austin, Britain in Revolution 1625-1660. Oxford, 2002.
Woolrych, Austin, Commonwealth to Protectorate. Oxford, 1982.
Worden, Blair, Literature and Politics in Cromwellian England: John Milton, Andrew Marvell, Marchamont Nedham. Oxford, 2007.
Yapp, Nick, The British Millennium: 1,000 Remarkable Years of Incident and Achievement. Koln, 2000.
Zee, Henri and Barbara van der, William and Mary. London, 1973.


Abraham, Claude, Jean Racine. Boston, 1977.
Abraham, Claude, Pierre Corneille. New York, 1972.
Arnauld, Antoine, The Art of Thinking: Port-Royal Logic tr. James Dickoff and Patricia James. Indianapolis, 1964.
Bayle, Political Writings tr. Sally L. Jenkinson. Cambridge, 2000.
Bercé, Yves-Marie, The Birth of Absolutism: A History of France, 1598-1661 tr. Richard Rex. New York, 1996.
Bernier, Olivier, Louis XIV: A Royal Life. New York, 1987.
Bishop, Morris, Blaise Pascal. New York, 1966.
Bishop, Morris, Pascal; The Life of Genius. New York, 1936.
Blanchard, Jean-Vincent, Eminence: Cardinal Richelieu and the Rise of France. New York, 2011.
Bluche, François, Louis XIV tr. Mark Greengrass. New York, 1990.
Bonney, Richard, Society and Government in France under Richelieu and Mazarin, 1624-61. New York, 1988.
Campbell, John, Questioning Racinian Tragedy. Chapel, 2005.
Carlin, Claire L., Pierre Corneille Revisited. London, 1998.
Castries, Rene de La Croix, duc de, The Lives of the Kings and Queens of France. New York, 1979.
Classic Theatre, The, Volume IV: Six French Plays ed. Eric Bentley. Garden City, 1961.
Cole, John R., Pascal: The Man and His Two Loves. New York, 1995.
Corneille, The Chief Plays of tr. Lacy Lockert. Princeton, 1957.
Corneille, Pierre, Polydeuctus, The Liar, Nicomedes tr. John Cairncross. Middlesex, 1980.
Corneille, Moot Plays of tr. Lacy Lockert. 1959.
Corneille, Pierre, Seven Plays tr. Samuel Solomon. New York, 1989.
Coste, Pierre, The Life & Works of Saint Vincent de Paul, Volume 3 tr. Joseph Leonard. Westminster, 1935.
Crowe, Eyre Evans, The History of France, Volume 2. London, 1860.
Davidson, Hugh M., Blaise Pascal. Boston, 1983.
Dunlop, Ian, Louis XIV. New York, 1999.
Fénelon, François de Salignac de la Mothe, The Adventures of Telemachus, the Son of Ulysses tr. Tobias Smollett. Athens, 1997.
Fénelon, François de Salignac de la Mothe, Christian Perfection. New York, 1947.
Fénelon on Education tr. H. C. Barnard. Cambridge, 1966.
Foigny, Gabriel de, The Southern Land, Known. Syracuse, 1993.
French Utopias: An Anthology of Ideal Societies tr. Frank E. Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel. New York, 1966.
Giordani, Igino, St. Vincent de Paul: Servant of the Poor tr. Thomas J. Tobin. Milwaukee, 1961.
Goubert, Pierre, The Course of French History tr. Maarten Ultee. New York, 1988.
Gourney, Marie le Jars de, Apology for the Woman Writing and other works tr. Richard Hillman and Colette Quesnel. Chicago, 2002.
Guérard. Albert, France: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1959.
Guérard. Albert, France in the Classical Age: The Life and Death of an Ideal. New York, 1956.
Guizot, M., History of France, Volume 4 tr. Robert Black. New York, 1900.
Goubert, Pierre, Louis XIV and Twenty Million Frenchmen tr. Anne Carter. New York, 1970.
Haig, Stirling, Madame de Lafayette. New York, 1970.
Howarth, W. D., Life and Letters in France: The Seventeenth Century. New York, 1965.
Hurt, John J., Louis XIV and the parlements: The assertion of royal authority. Manchester, 2002.
Impact of Absolutism in France: National Experience Under Richelieu, Mazarin, and Louis XIV, The ed. William F. Church. New York, 1969.
Kitchin, G. W., A History of France, Volume 2. Oxford, 1896, 1899.
Knox, Edward C., Jean de la Bruyere. New York, 1973.
La Bruyere, Jean de, Characters tr. Jean Stewart. Middlesex, 1970.
La Fontaine, Jean de, The Complete Fables tr. Norman R. Shapiro. Urbana, 2007.
La Fontaine, Selected Fables tr. James Michie. Middlesex, 1979.
La Fontaine, Selected Fables & Tales of tr. Marie Ponsot. New York, 1966.
La Rochefoucauld, Collected Maxims and Other Reflections tr. E. H. and A. M. Blackmore and Francine Giguére. Oxford, 2007.
La Rochefoucauld, Maxims tr. Leonard Tancock. London, 1959.
Ladurie, Emmanuel Le Roy, The Ancien Régime: A History of France 1610-1774. Oxford, 1996.
Lafeyette, Madame de, The Princess de Cleves tr. Nancy Mitford and Leonard Tancock. Middlesex, 1978.
Lawrence, Brother, The Practice of the Presence of God: Being Conversations and Letters of Nicholas Herman of Lorraine. Old Tappan, 1958.
Lewis, W. H., The Splendid Century: Life in the France of Louis XIV. Garden City, 1953.
Lossky, Andrew, Louis XIV and the French Monarchy. New Brunswick, 1994.
Louis XIV and Europe ed. Ragnhild Hatton. London, 1976.
Lynn, John A., The Wars of Louis XIV 1667-1714. London, 1999.
Malebranche, Nicolas, Treatise on Ethics (1684) tr. Craig Walton. Dordrecht, 1993.
Mallinson, G. J., The Comedies of Corneille: Experiments in the comic. Manchester, 1984.
Margitic, Milorad R., Cornelian Power Games: Variation on a Theme in Pierre Corneille’s Theatre from Mélite to Polyeucte. Gunter, 2002.
Memoirs of Marguerite de Valois: Queen of France, Wife of Henry IV. New York, 1910.
Mitford, Nancy, The Sun King. New York, 1966.
Molière, Comedies, 2 volumes tr. H. Baker and J. Miller. London, 1929.
Molière, Jean Baptiste Poquelin de, Five Plays tr. Richard Wilbur and Alan Drury. London, 1981.
Molière, The Misanthrope and Other Plays tr. John Wood. Middlesex, 1959.
Molière, The Misathrope, Tartuffe and Other Plays tr. Maya Slater. Oxford, 2001.
Molière, Jean Baptiste Poquelin de, The Misanthrope and Tartuffe tr. Richard Wilbur. New York, 1965.
Molière, The Miser and Other Plays tr. John Wood. Middlesex, 1953.
Molière, Amphitryon tr. Richard Wilbur. New York, 2010.
Molière, The Slave of Truth, Tartuffe, The Imaginary Invalid tr. Miles Malleson. New York, 1960.
Molière Encyclopedia, The ed. James F. Gaines. Westport, 2002.
Moore, W. G., Molière: A New Criticism. Garden City, 1962.
New History of French Literature, A ed. Denis Hollier. Cambridge, 1989.
Old Regime France 1648-1788 ed. William Doyle. Oxford, 2001.
Pardoe, Miss, Louis the Fourteenth and the Court of France in the Seventeenth Century, 2 volumes. New York, 1874.
Pascal, The Essential tr. G. F. Pullen. New York, 1966.
Pascal, Pensées tr. A. J. Krailsheimer. Middlesex, 1966.
Pascal, Pensées and Other Writings tr. Honor Levi. Oxford, 1995.
Pascal, The Provincial Letters tr. Thomas M’Crie, Pensées tr. W. F. Trotter, Scientific Treatises tr. Richard Scofield. Chicago, 1952.
Pascal, Great Shorter Works of tr. Emile Cailliet and John C. Blankenagel. Westport, 1948.
Pujo, Bernard, Vincent de Paul the Trailblazer tr. Gertrud Graubart Champe. Notre Dame, 2003.
Racine, Jean, Complete Plays tr. Samuel Solomon, 2 volumes. 1967.
Racine, Jean, Five Plays tr. Kenneth Muir. New York, 1960.
Racine, Jean, Phedre tr. Margaret Rawlings. New York, 1961.
Ranum, Orest, The Fronde: A French Revolution 1648-1652. New York, 1993.
Retz, Cardinal de, The Eclipse of Mazarin. New York, 1901.
Saint-Simon, Duc de, Versailles, the Court and Louis XIV tr. Lucy Norton. New York, 1966.
Saint-Simon, Duke of, Memoirs of Louis XIV and the Regency tr. Bayle St. John, 3 volumes. Akron, 1901.
Saint-Simon, The Memoirs of Louis de Rouvroy Duc de Saint-Simon Covering the Years 1691-1723 tr. Desmond Flower. New York, 1959.
Sévigné, Madame de, Selected Letters tr. Leonard Tancock. London, 1982.
Sonnino, Paul, Mazarin’s Quest: The Congress of Westphalia and the Coming of the Fronde. Cambridge, 2008.
Stone, Donald Jr., French Humanist Tragedy: A Reassessment. Manchester, 1974.
Sturdy, David J., Richelieu and Mazarin: A Study in Statesmanship. New York, 2004.
Tobin, Ronald W., Jean Racine Revisited. New York, 1999.
Treasure, G. R. R., Seventeenth Century France. London, 1981.
Treasure, Geoffrey, Mazarin: The Crisis of Absolutism in France. London, 1995.
Veiras, Denis, The History of the Sevarambians: A Utopian Novel tr. John Christian Laursen and Cyrus Masroori. Albany, 2006.
Voltaire, The Age of Louis XIV, 2 volumes tr. William F. Fleming. Paris, 1901.
Walker, Hallam, Moliere. New York, 1971.
White, Julian Eugene Jr., Nicolas Boileau. New York, 1969.
Wilkinson, Richard, Louis XIV. London, 2007.
Wolf, John B., Louis XIV. New York, 1968.
Wyon, Olive, Teachings toward Christian Perfection introducing Three Spiritual Classics. New York, 1963.
Yarrow, P. J., Corneille. London, 1963.

Spain and Portugal

Atkinson, William C., A History of Spain and Portugal. Middlesex, 1960.
Davies, R. Trevor, Spain in Decline 1621-1700. London, 1957.
Elliott, J. H., Imperial Spain 1469-1716. London, 1963.
Elliott, J. H., Spain and Its World 1500-1700. New Haven, 1989.
Fitzmaurice-Kelly, James, A History of Spanish Literature. New York, 1925.
Fraser, Antonia, The Warrior Queens. New York, 1988.
Gerber, Jane S., The Jews of Spain A History of the Sephardic Experience. New York, 1992.
Griffiths, Major Arthur, In Spanish Prisons: The Inquisition at Home and Abroad, Prisons Past and Present. New York, 1991.
Guevara, Maria de, Warnings to the Kings and Advice on Restoring Spain tr. Nieves Romero-Diaz. Chicago, 2007
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 10: Spain and Portugal ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Hsia, R. Po-Chia, The World of Catholic Renewal, 1540-1770. Cambridge, 2005.
Kamen, Henry, Philip V of Spain: The King who Reigned Twice. New Haven, 2001.
Kamen, Henry, Spain in the Later Seventeenth Century, 1665-1700. London, 1980.
Kamen, Henry, The Spanish Inquisition: An Historical Revision. London, 1997.
Kamen, Henry, The War of Succession in Spain 1700-15. Bloomington, 1969.
Livermore, H. V., A New History of Portugal. Cambridge, 1976.
Lynch, John, Bourbon Spain 1700-1808. Oxford, 1989.
Lynch, John, The Hispanic World in Crisis and Change 1598-1700. Oxford, 1992.
Marques, A. H. de Oliveira, History of Portugal, Volume 1: From Lusitania to Empire. New York, 1972.
Merriman, Roger Bigelow, The Rise of the Spanish Empire in the Old World and in the New, Volume 2 The Catholic Kings. New York, 1918.
Newitt, Malyn, Portugal in European and World History. London, 2009.
Nowell, Charles E., A History of Portugal. New York, 1952.
Payne, Stanley G., A History of Spain and Portugal, Volume 1. Madison, 1973.
Smith, Bradley, Spain: A History in Art. Garden City, no date.
Smith, Rhea Marsh, Spain: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1965.
Stephens, H. Morse, The Story of Portugal. New York, 1891.
Stradling, R. A., Spain’s Struggle for Europe 1598-1668. London, 1994.
Stradling, R. A., Philip IV and the Government of Spain 1621-1665. Cambridge, 1988.

Italian City States

Collison-Morley, Lacy, Italy After the Renaissance: Decadence and Display in the Seventeenth Century. London, 1930.
Collison-Morley, Lacy, Naples Through the Centuries. New York, 1924.
Daniel-Ropps, H., The Church in the Seventeenth Century tr. J. J. Buckingham, Volume 1. Garden City, 1963.
Finley, M. I., et al, A History of Sicily. New York, 1986.
Hanlon, Gregory, The Twilight of a Military Tradition: Italian Aristocrats and European Conflicts 1560-1800. New York, 1998.
Hibbert, Christopher, The House of Medici: Its Rise and Fall. New York, 1974.
Hibbert, Christopher, Venice: The Biography of a City. New York, 1989.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 9: Italy ed Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Hsia, R. Po-Chia, The World of Catholic Renewal, 1540-1770. Cambridge, 2005.
Italy in the Baroque ed. & tr. Brendan Dooley. New York, 1995.
Montanelli, Indro and Robert Gervaso, Italy in the Golden Centuries. Chicago, 1967.
Muir, Edward, The Culture Wars of the Late Renaissance: Skeptics, Libertines, and Opera. Cambridge, 2007.
Norwich, John Julius, A History of Venice. New York, 1982.
Oxford History of Italy, The ed. George Holmes. Oxford, 1997.
Pastor, Ludwig, The History of the Popes from the Close of the Middle Ages, Volumes 30-33. London, 1937-1941.
Procacci, Giuliano, History of the Italian People tr. Anthony Paul. London, 1970.
Ranke, Leopold von, History of the Popes: Their Church and State, Volume III tr. E. Fowler. New York, 1901.
Rich, the Well Born, and the Powerful, The: Elites and Upper Classes in History ed. Frederic Cople Jaher. Secaucus, 1973.
Sella, Domenico, Italy in the Seventeenth Century. London, 1997.
Smith, Denis Mack, A History of Sicily: Medieval Sicily 800-1713. New York, 1968.
Stone, Harold Samuel, Vico’s Cultural History: The Production and Transmission of Ideas in Naples 1685-1750. Leiden, 1997.
Vico, Giambattista, On Humanistic Education (Six Inaugural Orations, 1699-1707) tr. Giorgio A. Pinton and Arthur W. Shippee. Ithaca, 1993.
White, Andrew Dickson, A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom, 2 volumes. New York, 1896.
Young, G. F., The Medici. New York, 1930.

Austrian Empire, Germany and Switzerland

Abbott, John S. C., Austria: Its Rise and Present Power. New York, 1882.
Antognazza, Maria Rosa, Leibniz: An Intellectual Biography. Cambridge, 2009.
Barraclough, Geoffrey, The Origins of Modern Germany. London, 1988.
Beller, Steven, A Concise History of Austria. Cambridge, 2006
Benecke, G., Society and Politics in Germany 1500-1750. London, 1974.
Bérenger, Jean, A History of the Hapsburg Empire 1273-1700 tr. C. A. Simpson. London, 1994.
Bonjour, E., H. S. Offler and G. R. Potter, A Short History of Switzerland. Oxford, 1952.
Bonjour, Edgar, Swiss Neutrality: Its History and Meaning tr. Mary Hottinger. London, 1946.
Cartledge, Bryan, The Will to Survive: A History of Hungary. New York, 2011.
Comenius on Education, John Amos, New York, 1967.
Coxe, William, History of the House of Austria from the Foundation of the Monarchy 1218 to 1792, Volumes II-III. London, 1847.
Dill, Marshall Jr., Germany: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1961.
Evans, R. J. W., The Making of the Habsburg Monarchy 1550-1700. Oxford, 1979.
Gagliardo, John G., Germany under the Old Regime, 1600-1790. London, 1991.
Grimmelshausen, H. J. C. von, The Adventurous Simplicissimus tr. A. T. S. Goodrick, Lincoln, 1962.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 14: The Germanic Empire ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
History of Hungary, A ed. Peter F. Sugar et al. Bloomington 1990.
Holborn, Hajo, A History of Modern Germany 1648-1840. Princeton, 1964.
Ingrao, Charles W., The Habsburg Monarchy 1618-1815. Cambridge, 2000.
Ingrao, Charles W., In Quest and Crisis: Emperor Joseph I and the Habsburg Monarchy. West Lafayette, 1979.
Kann, Robert A. and Zdenek V. David, The Peoples of the Eastern Hapsburg Lands, 1526-1918. Seattle, 1984.
Kann, Robert A., A History of the Habsburg Empire 1526-1918. Berkeley, 1974.
Kann, Robert A. and Zdenek V. David, The Peoples of the Eastern Habsburg Lands, 1526-1918. Seattle, 1984.
Keating, M. W., The Great Didactic of John Amos Comenius. London, 1896.
Komensky, John Amos, The Labyrinth of the World and the Paradise of the Heart tr. Count Lutzow. New York, 1901.
Leibniz, Political Writings tr. Patrick Riley. Cambridge, 1988.
Leibniz, Selections ed. Philip P. Wiener. New York, 1951.
Leibniz, G. W., Confessio philosophi: Papers Concerning the Problem of Evil, 1671-1678 tr. Robert C. Sleigh, Jr. New Haven, 2005.
Luck, James Murray, A History of Switzerland. Palo Alto, 1985.
Lutzov, Count von and H. A. Piehler, Bohemia: An Historical Sketch. London, 1939.
Malcolm, Noel, Kosovo: A Short History. London, 1998.
Menzel, Wolfgang, Germany from the Earliest Period, Volume 3 tr. Mrs. George Horrocks. New York, 1899.
Monroe, Will S., Comenius and the Beginnings of Educational Reform. New York, 1971.
Oechsli, Wilhelm, History of Switzerland 1499-1914 tr. Eden & Cedar Paul. Cambridge, 1922.
Reinhardt, Kurt F., Germany: 2000 Years, Volume 1. New York, 1961.
Rodes, John E., Germany: a history. New York, 1964.
Sadler, John Edward, J. A. Comenius and the Concept of Universal Education. New York, 1966.
Spielman, John P., The City & The Crown: Vienna and the Imperial Court 1600-1740. West Fayette, 1993.
Spielman, John P., Leopold I of Austria. New Brunswick, 1977.
Tapié, Victor-L., The Rise and Fall of the Hapsburg Monarchy tr. Stephen Hardman. New York, 1971.
Wheatcroft, Andrew, The Hapsburgs: Embodying Empire. London, 1995.
White, Andrew Dickson, Seven Great Statesmen in the Warfare of Humanity with Unreason. New York, 1910.
Wilson, Peter H., From Reich to Revolution: German History, 1558-1806. London, 2004.


Blok, Petrus Johannes, History of the People of the Netherlands, Volume 4-5 tr. Oscar A. Bierstadt and Ruth Putnam. New York, 1900, 1907.
Cambridge Companion to Spinoza’s Ethics ed. Olli Koistinen. Cambridge, 2009.
Geyl, Pieter, The Netherlands in the Seventeenth Century, Part Two: 1648-1715. London, 1964.
Geyl, Pieter, Orange and Stuart 1641-1672 tr. by Arnold Pomerans. New York, 1969.
Gullan-Whur, Margaret, Within Reason: A Life of Spinoza. New York, 1998.
Hampshire, Stuart, Spinoza. Baltimore, 1951.
Huizinga, J. H., Dutch Civilisation in the Seventeenth Century and other essays tr. Arnold J. Pomerans. New York, 1968.
Israel, Jonathan, The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477-1806. Oxford, 1995.
Meeüs, Adrien de, History of the Belgians tr. G. Gordon. New York, 1962.
Price, J. L., Dutch Culture in the Golden Age. London, 2011.
Rowen, Herbert H., John de Witt, Grand Pensionary of Holland, 1625-1672. Princeton, 1978.
Rowen, Herbert H., John de Witt: Statesman of the “True Freedom.” Cambridge, 1986.
Rowen, Herbert H., The Princes of Orange: The Stadholders in the Dutch Republic. Cambridge, 1988.
Spinoza, Baruch, The Book of God ed. Dagobert D. Runes. New York, 1958.
Spinoza, Benedict de, The Chief Works of: On the Improvement of the Understanding, The Ethics, Correspondence. New York, 1951.
Spinoza, Benedict de, Theological-Political Treatise tr. Michael Silverthorne and Jonathan Israel. Cambridge, 2007.
Spinoza, The Collected Works of tr. Edwin Curley, Volume 1. Princeton, 1985.
Spinoza, Ethics tr. Andrew Boyle and G. H. R. Parkinson. London, 1989.
Spinoza, Ethics tr. W. H. White and A. H. Stirling. Chicago, 1952.
Spinoza, Baruch, How to Improve Your Mind ed. Dagobert D. Runes. New York, 1956.
Spinoza’s Short Treatise God, Man, & His Well-Being tr. A. Wolf. New York, 1963.
Spinoza, Benedict de, A Theologico-Political Treatise and a Political Treatise tr. R. H. M. Elwes. New York, 1951.
Van der Zee, Henri and Barbara, William and Mary. London, 1973.
Vlekke, Bernard H. M., Evolution of the Dutch Nation. New York, 1945.
Wilson, Charles, The Dutch Republic and the civilization of the seventeenth century. New York, 1968.


Andersson, Ingvar, A History of Sweden tr. Carolyn Hannay. London, 1956.
Birch, J. H. S., Denmark in History. London, 1938.
Derry, T. K., A History of Scandinavia. Minneapolis, 1979.
Gjerset, Knut, History of Iceland. New York, 1924.
Gjerset, Knut, History of the Norwegian People. 2 volumes. New York, 1932.
Hatton, R. M., Charles XII of Sweden. New York, 1968.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 16: Scandinavia; Switzerland to 1715 ed. Henry Smith Williams in. London, 1926.
Huygens, Christiaan, Treatise on Light. Chicago, 1952.
Johannesson, Jon, A History of the Old Icelandic Commonwealth tr. Haraldur Bessason. Manitoba, 1974.
Jutikkala, Eino with Kauko Pirinen, A History of Finland. London, 1962.
Larsen, Karen, A History of Norway. Princeton, 1948.
Lauring, Palle, The Kingdom of Denmark tr. David Hohnen. Copenhagen, 1960.
Nilsson, Victor, Sweden. New York, 1899.
Scott, Franklin D., Sweden: The Nation’s History. Minneapolis, 1977.
Sorensen, Sigvart, Norway. New York, 1899.
Upton, A. F., Charles XI and Swedish Absolutism. Cambridge, 1998.
Voltaire, History of Charles II tr. William F. Fleming. Paris, 1901.
Wuorinen, John H., A History of Finland. New York, 1965.

Poland-Lithuania and Russia

Bain, R. Nisbet, The First Romanovs (1613-1725). New York, 1905.
Bain, R. Nisbet, Slavonic Europe: A Political History of Poland and Russia from 1447 to 1796. Cambridge, 1908.
Bobrick, Benson, East of the Sun: The Epic Conquest and Tragic History of Siberia. New York, 1992.
Bushkovitch, Paul, Peter the Great: The Struggle for Power, 1671-1725. Cambridge, 2001.
Buzzi, Giancarlo, The Life & Times of Peter the Great tr. Ben Johnson. Philadelphia, 1967.
Cambridge History of Poland from the Origins to Sobieski (to 1696), The ed. W. F. Reddaway et al. Cambridge, 1950.
Cambridge History of Poland from Augustus II to Pilsudski (1697-1935), The ed. W. F. Reddaway et al. London, 1941.
Cambridge History of Russia, Volume 1: From Early Rus’ to 1689 ed. Maureen Perrie. Cambridge, 2006.
Cambridge History of Russia, Volume 2: Imperial Russia, 1689-1917 ed. Dominic Lieven. Cambridge, 2006.
Chirovsky, Nicolas L. Fr., A History of the Russian Empire, Volume 1: Grand-ducal Vladimir and Moscow. New York, 1973.
Clarkson, Jesse D., A History of Russia. New York, 1969.
Davies, Norman, God’s Playground: A History of Poland, Volume 1 The Origins to 1795. New York, 1982.
Dukes, Paul, The Making of Russian Absolutism 1613-1801. New York, 1990
Evtuhov, Catherine et al, A History of Russia: Peoples, Legends, Events, Forces. Boston, 2004.
Russia: A History ed. Gregory L. Freeze. Oxford, 2009
Gieysztor, Aleksander et al, History of Poland tr. Krystyna Cekalska et al. Warszawa, 1968.
Halecki, O., A History of Poland. New York, 1956.
Imperial Russia: A Source Book, 1700-1917 ed. Basil Dmytryshyn. Hinsdale, 1974.
Kluchevsky, Vasili, Peter the Great tr. Liliana Archibald. New York, 1958.
Kliuchevsky, V. O., A Course in Russian History: The Seventeenth Century tr. Natalie Duddington. New York, 1994.
Kluchevsky, V. O., A History of Russia, Volume 2 tr. C. J. Hogarth. New York, 1912.
Klyuchevsky, Vasili, The Rise of the Romanovs tr. Liliana Archibald. London, 1970.
Lincoln, W. Bruce, The Romanovs: Autocrats of All the Russias. New York, 1967.
Massie, Robert K., Peter the Great: His Life and World. New York, 1980.
Medieval Russia’s Epics, Chronicles, and Tales tr. Serge A. Zenkovsky. New York, 1963.
Pares, Bernard, A History of Russia. New York, 1953.
Rambaud, Alfred, Russia, Volume 1. New York, 1900.
Readings in Russian History from Ancient Times to the Abolition of Serfdom ed. Sidney Harcave. New York, 1962.
Riasanovsky, Nicholas V., A History of Russia. New York, 1969.
Stone, Daniel, The Polish-Lithuanian State, 1386-1795. Seattle, 2001.
Sumner, B. H., Peter the Great and the Emergence of Russia. New York, 1962.
Walsh, Warren Bartlett, Russia and the Soviet Union: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1958.
Zamoyski, Adam, The Polish Way: A Thousand-year History of the Poles and their Culture. New York, 1987.

Copyright © 2016 by Sanderson Beck

EUROPE & Kings 1648-1715 has been published as a book.
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EUROPE: Wars & Plays 1588-1648

British Commonwealth 1649-60
Britain of Charles II 1660-85
Britain's Revolution & Wars 1685-1714
English Restoration Plays
France in the Era of Louis XIV
French Culture 1648-1715
Molière and Racine
Spain, Portugal and Italy 1648-1715
Austrian Empire & German States 1648-1715
Netherlands and Spinoza
Scandinavia 1648-1715
Poland-Lithuania and Russia 1648-1715
Summary and Evaluation of Europe 1648-1715


Chronology of Europe 1588-1648
World Chronology

BECK index