BECK index


Europe & Humanism 1400-1517

General and Miscellaneous
Italian City States and Humanists
Eastern Europe
German Empire
Spain and Portugal
England, Scotland, and Ireland
Erasmus and Spreading Humanism

EUROPE & Humanism 1400-1517 has been published.
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General and Miscellaneous

Age of Belief, The: The Medieval Philosophers ed. Anne Fremantle. New York, 1954.

Age of the Renaissance,  The ed. Denys Hay. New York, 1967.

Apocalyptic Spirituality tr. Bernard McGinn. New York, 1979.

Butler’s Lives of the Saints ed. Michael Walsh. San Francisco, 1985.

Cahill, Thomas, Mysteries of the Middle Ages: The Rise of Feminism, Science, and Art from the Cults of Catholic Europe. New York, 2006.

Cambridge Medieval History, The, Vol. 7: Decline of Empire and Papacy ed. J. R. Tanner, C. W. Previte-Orton, and Z. N. Brooke. Cambridge, 1932.

Cambridge Medieval History, The, Vol. 8: The Close of the Middle Ages ed. C. W. Previté-Orton and Z. N. Brooke. Cambridge, 1936.

Cambridge Translations of Medieval Philosophical Texts, The, Vol. 2: Ethics and Political Philosophy ed. Arthur Stephen McGrade et al. Cambridge, 2001.

Cantor, Norman F., Inventing the Middle Ages. New York, 1991.

Cantor, Norman F., Medieval History: The Life and Death of a Civilization. New York, 1963.

Caron, M. and S. Hutin, The Alchemists tr. Helen R. Lane. New York, 1961.

Chambers, E. K., The Medieval Stage, 2 volumes. Mineola, 1903.

Christian Ethics ed. Waldo Beach and H. Richard Niebuhr. New York, 1955.

Cohn, Norman, The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary messianism in medieval and Reformation Europe and its bearing on modern totalitarian movements. New York, 1961.

Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 3 Late Mediaeval and Renaissance Philosophy, Part 1 Ockham to the Speculative Mystics. Garden City, 1946.

Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 3 Late Mediaeval and Renaissance Philosophy, Part 2 The Revival of Platonism to Suarez. Garden City, 1953.

Development of Civilization, The: A Documentary History of Politics, Soceity, and Thought, Volume 1 ed. Harry J. Carroll, Jr. et al. Chicago, 1961.

Durant, Will, The Reformation: A History of European Civilization from Wyclif to Calvin: 1300-1564. New York, 1957.

Durant, Will, The Renaissance: A History of Civilization in Italy from 1304-1576 A.D. New York, 1953.

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 30 volumes. Chicago, 1975.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 volumes ed. Paul Edwards. New York, 1967.

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, The ed. Norman F. Cantor. New York, 1999.

Encyclopedia of World History, An ed. William L. Langer. Boston, 1980.

Ferguson, Wallace K., Europe in Transition 1300-1520. Boston, 1962.

Flowering of the Middle Ages, The ed. Joan Evans. New York, 1966.

Fremantle, Anne, The Papal Encyclicals in Their Historical Context. New York, 1956.

Gimpel, Jean, The Medieval Machine: The Industrial Revolution of the Middle Ages. New York, 1976.

Goodrich, Norma Lorre, Medieval Myths. 1961.

Grabois, Aryeh, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Medieval Civilization. New York, 1980.

Graetz, Heinrich, History of the Jews, Volume 4. Philadelphia, 1894.

Hallam, Henry, View of the State of Europe During the Middle Ages. London, 1859.

Hinnebusch, William A., The History of the Dominican Order: Intellectual and Cultural Life to 1500, volume 2. New York, 1973.

History of Private Life, A, Volume 2: Revelations of the Medieval World ed. Georges Duby. Cambridge, 1988.

Hughes, Philip, The Church in Crisis: A History of the General Councils 325-1870. Garden City, 1961.

Iriarte, Lazaro, Franciscan History: The Three Orders of St. Francis of Assisi tr. Patricia Ross. Chicago, 1982.

Knowles, David, The Evolution of Medieval Thought. New York, 1962.

Leclercq, Jean, The Love of Learning and the Desire for God tr. Catharine Misrahi. New York, 1961.

Leon, Vicki, Uppity Women of Medieval Times. Berkeley, 1997.

Leon, Vicki, Uppity Women of the Renaissance. Boston, 1999.

Lerner, Robert E., The Feast of Saint Abraham: Medieval Millenarians and the Jews. Philadelphia, 2001.

Lucas, Henry S., The Renaissance and the Reformation. New York, 1960.

Lyrics of the Troubadours and Trouveres: An Anthology and History tr. Frederick Goldin. Garden City, 1973.

Manchester, William, A World Lit Only by Fire: The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance. Boston, 1993.

Masterpieces of Catholic Literature in Summary Form ed. Frank N. Magill. New York, 1965.

Medieval Political Philosophy ed. Ralph Lerner and Muhsin Mahdi. Ithaca, 1963.

Medieval Romances ed. Roger Sherman Loomis and Laura Hibbard Loomis. New York, 1957.

Michelet, Jules, Satanism and Witchcraft: A Study in Medieval Superstition. Secaucus, 1939.

Middle Ages, The, Volume 1: Sources of Medieval History ed. Brian Tierney. New York, 1978.

New Cambridge History, The, Volume 1: The Renaissance 1493-1520. Cambridge, 1957.

Nimmo, Duncan, Reform and Division in the Medieval Franciscan Order (1226-1538). Rome, 1987.

Philosophy in the Middle Ages ed. Arthur Hyman and James J. Walsh. Indianapolis, 1984.

Pirenne, Henri, A History of Europe from the Invasions to the XVI Century tr. Bernard Miall. New York, 1936.

Pirenne, Henri, Economic and Social History of Medieval Europe tr. I. E. Clegg. New York, 1937.

Portable Medieval Reader, The ed. James Bruce Ross and Mary Martin McLaughlin. New York, 1949.

Portable Renaissance Reader, The ed. James Bruce Ross and Mary Martin McLaughlin. New York, 1953.

Power, Eileen, Medieval People. Garden City, 1956.

Renaissance Characters ed. Eugenio Garin. Chicago, 1991.

Robson, Michael, The Franciscans in the Middle Ages. Woodbridge, 2006.

Russoli, Franoc, Renaissance Painting. New York, 1962.

Schaff, David S., History of the Christian Church, Volume VI: The Middle Ages from Boniface VIII, 1294, to the Protestant Reformation, 1517. Grand Rapids, 1910.

Silences of the Middle Ages: A History of Women in the West, Volume 2 ed. Christiane Klapisch-Zuber. Cambridge, 1992.

Southern, R. W., The Making of the Middle Ages. New Haven, 1953.

Storey, R. L., Chronology of the Medieval World 800-1491. New York, 1973.

Tales of the Monks from the Gesta Romanorum ed. Manuel Komroff. New York, 1928.

Theatre of Medieval Europe, The: New Research in Early Drama ed. Eckehard Simon. Cambridge, 1991.

Thompson, James Westfall, Economic and Social History of Europe in the Later Middle Ages (1300-1530). New York, 1931.

Times Atlas of World History, The ed. Geoffrey Barraclough. Maplewood, 1984.

Trager, James, The People’s Chronology. New York, 1992.

Waddell, Helen, The Wandering Scholars. Garden City, 1961.

Williams, Neville, Chronology of the Expanding World 1492 to 1762. New York, 1969.

Wisdom of Catholicism, The ed. Anton C. Pegis. New York, 1949.

Wisdom of Israel, The, ed. Lewis Browne. New York, 1945.

Italian City States and Humanists

Ady, Cecilia M., Lorenzo dei Medici and Renaissance Italy. London, 1955.

Alberti, Leon Battista, Momus tr. Sarah Knight. Cambridge, 2003.

Ariosto, Ludovico, Orlando Furioso tr. Guido Waldman. Oxford, 1974.

Ariosto, The Satires of Ludovico: A Renaissance Autobiography tr. Peter Desa Wiggins. Athens, 1976.

Ariosto’s The Supposes, Machavelli’s The Mandrake, Intronati’s The Deceived: Three Italian Renaissance Comedies ed. Christopher Cairns, tr. Jennifer Lorch, Kenneth and Laura Richards, and Nerida Newbigin. Lewiston, 1996.

Baron, Hans, The Crisis of the Early Italian Renaissance: Civic Humanism and Republican Liberty in an Age of Classicism and Tyranny, One-volume edition. Princeton, 1966.

Beccadelli, Antonio, The Hermaphrodite tr. Holt Parker. Cambridge, 2010.

Beck, Hans-Georg et al, History of the Church, Volume 4: From the High Middle Ages to the Eve of the Reformation tr. Anselm Biggs. New York, 1970.

Becker, Marvin B., Florence in Transition, 2 volumes. Baltimore, 1967-68.

Bembo, Pietro, Gli Asolani tr. Rudolf B. Gottfried. Bloomington, 1954.

Benner, Erica, Machiavelli’s Ethics. Princeton, 2009.

Bentley, Jerry H., Politics and Culture in Renaissance Naples. Princeton, 1987.

Boiardo, Matteo Maria, Orlando Innamorato tr. Charles Stanley Ross. Oxford, 1995.

Bradford, Sarah, Cesare Borgia: His Life and Times. New York, 1976.

Bramly, Serge, Leonardo: The Artist and the Man tr. Sian Reynolds. London, 1991.

Bruckner, Gene, Renaissance Florence. Berkeley, 1983.

Burckhardt, Jacob, The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy tr. S. G. C. Middlemore. London, 1990.

Cartwright, Julia, Beatrice D’Este: Duchess of Milan 1475-1497: A Study of the Renaissance. London, 1926.

Collison-Morley, Lacy, Naples Through the Centuries. New York, 1924.

Concise Encyclopaedia of the Italian Renaissance, A ed. J. R. Hale. London, 1981.

Corvo, Frederick Baron, A History of the Borgias. New York, 1931.

Croce, Benedetto, History of the Kingdom of Naples tr. Frances Frenaye. Chicago, 1970.

Cuzin, Jean-Pierre, Raphael: His Life and Works. Secaucus, 1983.

Earthly Republic, The: Italian Humanists on Government and Society ed. Benjamin G. Kohl and Ronald G. Witt. Pennsylvania, 1978.

Finlay, Robert, Politics in Renaissance Venice. New Brunswick, 1980.

Fischel, Oskar, Raphael tr. Bernard Rackham. London, 1964.

Fletcher, Jefferson Butler, Literature of the Italian Renaissance. New York, 1934.

Garin, Eugenio, Italian Humanism: Philosophy and Civic Life in the Renaissance tr. Peter Munz. Oxford, 1965.

Godman, Peter, From Poliziano to Machiavelli: Florentine Humanism in the High Renaissance. Princeton, 1998.

Grazia, Sebastian de, Machiavelli in Hell. Princeton, 1989.

Griffin, Robert, Ludovico Ariosto. New York, 1974.

Gregorovius, Ferdinand, History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages, Volume 6, Parts 1 and 2 tr. Annie Hamilton. London, 1898.

Guicciardini, Francesco, The History of Italy tr. Sidney Alexander. New York, 1969.

Guicciardini, Francesco, History of Italy and History of Florence tr. Cecil Grayson. London, 1966.

Guicciardini, Francesco, Maxims and Reflections of a Renaissance Statesman (Ricordi) tr. Mario Domandi. New York, 1965.

Hartt, Frederick, History of Italian Renaissance Art: Painting Sculpture Architecture. Englewood Cliffs, 1974.

Hibbert, Christopher, The House of Medici: Its Rise and Fall. New York, 1974.

Historians’ History of the World, Volume 9: Italy ed Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.

Humanist Educational Treatises tr. Craig W. Kallendorf. Cambridge, 2002.

Jones, Philip, The Italian City-State from Commune to Signoria. Oxford, 1997.

Kocis, Robert A., Machiavelli Redeemed: Retrieving His Humanist Perspectives on Equality, Power, and Glory. Cranbury, 1998.

Kristeller, Paul Oskar, The Philosophy of Marsilio Ficino tr. Virginia Conant. New York, 1943.

Lubkin, Gregory, A Renaissance Court: Milan under Galeazzo Maria Sforza. Berkeley, 1994.

Lucas, Henry S., The Renaissance and the Reformation. New York, 1960.

Machiavelli: The Chief Works and Others tr. Allan Gilbert, Volume 2. Durham, 1965.

Machiavelli, Niccolo, Discourses on Livy tr. Julia Conaway Bondanella and Peter Bondanella. Oxford, 1997.

Machiavelli, Niccolo, History of Florence and of the Affairs of Italy. Washington, 1901.

Machiavelli, Niccolo, The Prince tr. Luigi Ricci and The Discourses tr. Christian E. Detmold. Garden City, 1940.

Machiavelli, Niccolo, The Prince tr. and ed. Robert M. Adams. New York, 1977.

Manetti, Giannozzo, Biographical Writings tr. Stefano U. Baldassarri. Cambridge, 2003.

Mansfield, Harvey C., Machiavelli’s Virtue. Chicago, 1996.

Marsh, David, The Quattrocento Dialogue: Classical Tradition and Humanist Innovation. Cambridge, 1980.

Martines, Lauro, Fire in the City: Savonarola and the Struggle for Renaissance Florence. Oxford, 2006.

Masters, Roger D., Machiavelli, Leonardo, and the Science of Power. Notre Dame, 1996.

Merejkowski, Dmitri, The Romance of Leonardo da Vinci tr. Bernard Guilbert Guerney. New York, 1955.

Michelangelo, Complete Works of. New York, 1967.

Misciattelli, Piero, Savonarola. New York, 1930.

Montanelli, Indro and Robert Gervaso, Italy in the Golden Centuries. Chicago, 1967.

Mormando, Franco, The Preacher’s Demons: Bernardino of Siena and the Social Underworld of Early Renaissance Italy. Chicago, 1999.

New Century Italian Renaissance Encyclopedia, The ed. Catherine B. Avery. New York, 1972.

Nicholl, Charles, Leonardo da Vinci: Flights of the Mind. New York, 2004.

Noel, Gerard, The  Renaissance Popes: Statemen, Warriors and the Great Borgia Myth. New York, 2006.

Norwich, John Julius, A History of Venice. New York, 1982.

Origo, Iris, The World of San Bernardino. New York, 1962.

Partner, Peter, The Lands of St Peter: The Papal State in the Middle Ages and the Early Renaissance. Berkeley, 1972.

Pater, Walter, The Renaissance. Chicago, 1977.

Pedretti, Carlo, Leonardo da Vinci. Florence, 2000.

Pico della Mirandola, On the Dignity of Man tr. Charles Glenn Wallis, On Being and the One tr. Paul J. W. Miller, Heptaplus tr. Douglas Carmichael. Indianapolis, 1965.

Pico della Mirandola, Syncretism in the West: Pico’s 900 Theses (1486): The Evolution of Traditional Religious and Philosophical Systems tr. S. A. Farmer. Tempe, 1998.

Pius II, Memoirs of a Renaissance Pope: The Commentaries of (An Abridgment) tr. Florence A. Gragg. New York, 1959.

Pulci, Luigi, Morgante: The Epic Adventures of Orlando and His Giant Friend Morgante tr. Joseph Tusiani. Bloomington, 1998.

Pullan, Brian, A History of Early Renaissance Italy from the Mid-Thirteenth to the Mid-Fifteenth Century. London, 1973.

Renaissance Philosophy, Volume 1: The Italian Philosophers: Selected Readings from Petrarch to Bruno tr. Arturo B. Fallico and Herman Shapiro. New York, 1967.

Rich, the Well Born, and the Powerful, The: Elites and Upper Classes in History ed. Frederic Cople Jaher. Secaucus, 1973.

Robb, Nesca A., Neoplatonism of the Italian Renaissance. London, 1935.

Roeder, Ralph, The Man of the Renaissance: Four Lawgivers: Savonarola, Machiavelli, Castiglione, Aretino. New York, 1933.

Romano, Dennis, The Likeness of Venice: A Life of Doge Francesco Foscari 1373-1457. New Haven, 2007.

Roscoe,  William, Life and Pontificate of Leo the Tenth, 2 volumes. London, 1846.

Roscoe,  William, Life of Lorenzo de’ Medici, Called the Magnificent. London, 1846.

Rowland, Ingrid D., The Culture of the High Renaissance: Ancients and Moderns in Sixteenth-Century Rome. Cambridge, 1998.

Ryder, Alan, The Kingdom of Naples Under Alfonso the Magnanimous. Oxford, 1976.

Sabatini, Rafael, The Life of Cesare Borgia. London, 1912.

Savonarola, Fra Girolamo, The Triumph of the Cross tr. John Procter. London, 1901.

Savonarola, Selected Writings of Girolamo: Religion and Politics, 1490-1498 tr. Anne Borelli and Maria Pastore Passaro. New Haven, 2006.

Scala, Bartolomeo, Essays and Dialogues tr. Renée Neu Watkins. Cambridge, 2008.

Schevill, Ferdinand, History of Florence from the Founding of the City through the Renaissance. New York, 1936.

Schevill, Ferdinand, Siena: The Story of a Mediaeval Commune. New York, 1909.

Schevill, Ferdinand, The Medici. New York, 1949.

Shaw, Christine, Julius II: The Warrior Pope. Oxford, 1993.

Siegel, Jerrold E., Rhetoric and Philosophy in Renaissance Humanism: The Union of Eloquence and Wisdom, Petrarch to Valla. Princeton, 1968.

Sismondi, J. D. L., History of the Italian Republics in the Middle Ages recast by William Boulting. London, no date.

Six Italian Plays ed. Eric Bentley. Garden City, 1958.

Smith, Denis Mack, A History of Sicily: Medieval Sicily 800-1713. New York, 1968.

Stinger, Charles L., The Renaissance in Rome. Bloomington, 1985.

Symonds, John Addington, Renaissance in Italy, 2 volumes. New York, 1935.

Thureau-Dangin, Paul, The Life of S. Bernardino of Siena tr. Baroness G. von Hügel. London, 1911.

Trollope, T. Adolphus, A History of the Commonwealth of Florence from the Earliest Independence of the Commune to the Fall of the Republic in 1531, Volume 3-4. London, 1865.

Unknown Leonardo, The ed. Ladislao Reti. New York, 1988.

Vallentin, Antonina, Leonardo da Vinci: The Tragic Pursuit of Perfection tr. E. W. Dickes. New York, 1938.

Van Paassen, Pierre, A Crown of Fire: The Life and Times of Girolamo Savonarola. New York, 1960.

Vasari, Giorgio, Lives of the Artists, 2 volumes tr. George Bull. Middlesex, 1965, 1987.

Vasari, Giorgio, The Lives of the Artists tr. Julia Conaway Bondanella and Peter Bondanella. Oxford, 1991.

Vespasiano, Renaissance Princes, Popes, and Prelates: The Vespasiano Memoirs tr. William George and Emily Waters. New York, 1963.

Villari, Pasquale, The Life and Times of Niccolo Machiavelli tr. Linda Villari. London, 1891.

Von Ranke, Leopold, History of the Popes: Their Church and State tr. E. Fowler, Volume 1. New York, 1901.

Waley, Daniel, The Italian City-Republics. New York, 1969.

Weiss, R., The Spread of Italian Humanism. London, 1964.

Witt, Ronad G., In the Footsteps of the Ancients: The Origins of Humanism from Lovato to Bruni. Leiden, 2000.

Woodhouse, C. M., George Gemisto Plethon: The Last of the Hellenes. Oxford, 1986.

Woodward, William Harrison, Studies in Education during the Age of Renaissance 1400-1600. New York, 1967.

Woodward, William Harrison, Vittorino da Feltre and Other Humanist Educators. New York, 1963.

Young, G. F., The Medici. New York, 1930.

Zollner, Frank, Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519. New York, 2004.

Eastern Europe

Bartos, F. M., The Hussite Revolution 1424-1437 tr. John M. Klassen. New York, 1986.

Brock, Peter, Freedom from Violence: Sectarian Nonresistance from the Middle Ages to the Great War. Toronto, 1991.

Cambridge History of Poland from the Origins to Sobieski (to 1696), The ed. W. F. Reddaway et al. Cambridge, 1950.

Cambridge History of Russia, Volume 1: From Early Rus’ to 1689 ed. Maureen Perrie. Cambridge, 2006.

Cambridge Medieval History, The, Vol. 4: The Eastern Roman Empire (717-1453) ed. J. R. Tanner, C. W. Previte-Orton, and Z. N. Brooke. Cambridge, 1936.

Chirovsky, Nicolas L. Fr., A History of the Russian Empire, Volume 1: Grand-ducal Vladimir and Moscow. New York, 1973.

Davies, Norman, God’s Playground: A History of Poland, Volume 1 The Origins to 1795. Nw York, 1982.

Engel, Pal, The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895-1526 tr. Tamas Palosfalvi. London, 2001.

Evtuhov, Catherine et al, A History of Russia: Peoples, Legends, Events, Forces. Boston, 2004.

Fudge, Thomas A., The Crusade against Heretics in Bohemia, 1418-1437: Sources and documents for the Hussite Crusades. Aldershot, 2002.

Gieysztor, Aleksander et al, History of Poland tr. Krystyna Cekalska et al. Warszawa, 1968.

Held, Joseph, Hunyadi: Legend and Reality. New York, 1985.

Heymann, Frederick G., John Zizka and the Hussite Revolution. Princeton, 1955.

History of Hungary, A ed. Peter F. Sugar et al. Bloomington 1990.

Kaminsky, Howard, A History of the Hussite Revolution. Berkeley, 1967.

Lutzov, Count von and H. A. Piehler, Bohemia: An Historical Sketch. London, 1939.

Martin, Janet, Medieval Russia 980-1584. Cambridge, 1995.

Medieval Russia’s Epics, Chronicles, and Tales tr. Serge A. Zenkovsky. New York, 1963.

Obolensky, Dimitri, The Byzantine Commonwealth: Eastern Europe, 500-1453. New York, 1971.

Ostrogorsky, George, History of the Byzantine State. New Brunswick, 1957.

Pares, Bernard, A History of Russia. New York, 1953.

Presniakov, A. E., The Formation of the Great Russian State: A Study of Russian History in the Thirteenth to Fifteenth Centuries tr. A. E. Moorhouse. Chicago, 1970.

Rambaud, Alfred, Russia, Volume 1. New York, 1900.

Readings in Russian History from Ancient Times to the Abolition of Serfdom ed. Sidney Harcave. New York, 1962.

Riasanovsky, Nicholas V., A History of Russia. New York, 1969.

Runciman, Steven, The Fall of Constantinople 1453. Cambridge, 1965.

Vasiliev, A. A., History of the Byzantine Empire, 2 volumes. Madison, 1980.

Walsh, Warren Bartlett, Russia and the Soviet Union: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1958.

Zamoyski, Adam, The Polish Way: A Thousand-year History of the Poles and their Culture. New York, 1987.

German Empire

Abbott, John S. C., Austria: Its Rise and Present Power. New York, 1882.

Barraclough, Geoffrey, The Origins of Modern Germany. London, 1988.

Bérenger, Jean, A History of the Hapsburg Empire 1273-1700 tr.  C. A. Simpson. London, 1994.

Blok, Petrus Johannes, History of the People of the Netherlands, Volume 2 tr. Oscar A. Bierstadt and  Ruth Putnam. New York, 1898.

Carsten, F. L., The Origins of Prussia. Oxford, 1954.

Coxe, William, History of the House of Austria 1218 to 1792, Volume 1. London, 1847.

Devotio Moderna Basic Writings tr. John Van Engen. New York, 1988.

Du Boulay, F. R. H., Germany in the Later Middle Ages. London, 1983.

Historians’ History of the World, Volume 14: The Germanic Empire ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.

Hopkins, Jasper, A Concise Introduction to the Philosophy of Nicholas of Cusa. Minneapolis, 1978.

Hopkins, Jasper, Nicholas of Cusa on Wisdom and Knowledge. Minneapolis, 1996.

Huizinga, J., The Waning of the Middle Ages: A Study of the Forms of Life, Thought and Art in France and the Netherlands in the Dawn of the Renaissance. Garden City, 1924.

Hyma, Albert, The Christian Renaissance: A History of the “Devotio Moderna.” Hamden, 1965.

Kempis, Thomas A, The Imitation of Christ tr. Leo Sherley-Price. Middlesex, 1952.

Luck, James Murray, A History of Switzerland. Palo Alto, 1985.

Meeüs, Adrien de, History of the Belgians tr. G. Gordon. New York, 1962.

Menzel, Wolfgang, Germany from the Earliest Period, Volume 2 tr. Mrs. George Horrocks. New York, 1899.

Nicholas of Cusa, Writings on Church and Reform tr. Thomas M. Izbicki. Cambridge, 2008.

Nicolas, David, Medieval Flanders. London, 1992.

Nicolaus of Cusa, Toward a New Council of Florence, ‘On the Peace of Faith’ and Other Works tr. Williama F. Wertz, Jr. Washington, 1993.

Nijsten, Gerard, In the Shadow of Burgundy: The Court of Guelders in the Late Middle Ages tr. Tanis Guest. Cambridge, 2004.

Reinhardt, Kurt F., Germany: 2000 Years, Volume 1. New York, 1961.

Seward, Desmond, The Monks of War: The Military Religious Orders. London, 1972.

Stubbs, William, Germany in the Later Middle Ages, 1200-1500. New York, 1969.

Vlekke, Bernard H. M., Evolution of the  Dutch Nation. New York, 1945.

Wheatcroft, Andrew, The Hapsburgs: Embodying Empire. London, 1995.


Andersson, Ingvar, A History of Sweden tr. Carolyn Hannay. London, 1956.

Birch, J. H. S., Denmark in History. London, 1938.

Byock, Jesse L., Medieval Iceland: Society, Sagas, and Power. Berkeley, 1988.

Derry, T. K., A History of Scandinavia. Minneapolis, 1979.

Gjerset, Knut, History of Iceland. New York, 1924.

Gjerset, Knut, History of the Norwegian People. 2 volumes. New York, 1932.

Historians’ History of the World, Volume 16: Scandinavia; Switzerland to 1715 ed. Henry Smith Williams in. London, 1926.

Johannesson, Jon, A History of the Old Icelandic Commonwealth tr. Haraldur Bessason. Manitoba, 1974.

Jutikkala, Eino with Kauko Pirinen, A History of Finland. London, 1962.

Larsen, Karen, A History of Norway. Princeton, 1948.

Lauring, Palle, The Kingdom of Denmark tr. David Hohnen. Copenhagen, 1960.

Nilsson, Victor, Sweden. New York, 1899.

Sawyer, Birgit and Peter, Medieval Scandinavia From Conversion to Reformation, circa 800-1500. Minneapolis, 1993.

Scott, Franklin D., Sweden: The Nation’s History. Minneapolis, 1977.

Sorensen, Sigvart, Norway. New York, 1899.

Wuorinen, John H., A History of Finland. New York, 1965.

Spain and Portugal

Anderson, Jean, Henry the Navigator: Prince of Portugal. Philadelphia, 1969.

Atkinson, William C., A History of Spain and Portugal. Middlesex, 1960.

Bisson, T. N., The Medieval Crown of Aragon: A Short History. Oxford, 1986.

Classic Theatre, Volume III: Six Spanish Plays ed. Eric Bentley. Garden City, 1959.

Diffie, Bailey W. and George D. Winius, Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580. Minneapolis, 1977.

Dunn, Peter N., Fernando de Rojas. Boston, 1975.

Edwards, John, The Spain of the Catholic Monarchs 1474-1520. Oxford, 2003.

Elliott, J. H., Imperial Spain 1469-1716. New York, 1963.

Fitzmaurice-Kelly, James, A History of Spanish Literature. New York, 1925.

Fontas, Manuel da Costa, The Art of Subversion in Inquisitorial Spain: Rojas and Delicado. West Lafayette, 2005.

Fraser, Antonia, The Warrior Queens. New York, 1988.

Foster, David William, The Marques de Santillana. New York, 1971.

Gerber, Jane S., The Jews of Spain A History of the Sephardic Experience. New York, 1992.

Harvey, L. P., Islamic Spain 1250 to 1500. Chicago, 1990.

Historians’ History of the World, Volume 10: Spain and Portugal ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.

Irving, Washington, Tales of Alhambra, Conquest of Granada, Conquest of Spain, Spanish Voyages. New York, no date.

Kamen, Henry, The Spanish Inquisition: An Historical Revision. London, 1997.

Kelly, Henry Ansgar, Canon Law and the Archpriest of Hita. Binghamton, 1984.

Kennedy, Hugh, Muslim Spain and Portugal. London, 1996.

Lane-Poole, Stanley, The Story of the Moors in Spain. New York, 1888.

Legacy of Muslim Spain, The ed. Salma Khadra Jayyusi. Leiden, 1992.

Linehan, Peter, History and the Historians of Medieval Spain. Oxford, 1993.

Liss, Peggy K., Isabel the Queen: Life and Times. Philadelphia, 2004.

Livermore, H. V., A New History of Portugal. Cambridge, 1976.

Lowney, Chris, A Vanished World: Medieval Spain’s Golden Age of Enlightenment. New York, 2005.

Mariéjol, Jean Hippolyte, The Spain of Ferdinand and Isabella tr. Benjamin Keen. New Brunswick, 1961.

Marques, A. H. de Oliveira, History of Portugal, Volume 1: From Lustania to Empire. New York, 1972.

Marques, A. H. de Oliveira, Daily Life in Portugal in the Late Middle Ages tr. S. S. Wyatt. Madison, 1971.

Merriman, Roger Bigelow, The Rise of the Spanish Empire in the Old World and in the New, Volume 2 The Catholic Kings. New York, 1918.

Miller, Townsend, The Castles and the Crown: Spain 1451-1555. New York, 1963

Netanyahu, B., The Origins of the Inquisition in Fifteenth Century Spain. New York, 1995.

Nowell, Charles E., A History of Portugal. New York, 1952.

O’Callaghan, Joseph F., A History of Medieval Spain. Ithaca, 1975.

Payne, Stanley G., A History of Spain and Portugal, Volume 1. Madison, 1973.

Russell, Peter, Prince Henry ‘the Navigator”: A Life. New Haven, 2000.

Ryder, Alan, Alfonso the Magnificent: King of Aragon, Naples and Sicily, 1396-1458. Oxford, 1990.

Sabatini, Rafael, Torquemada and the Spanish Inquisition. Boston, no date.

Sanceau, Elaine, The Perfect Prince: A Biography of the King Joao II. Porto, no date.

Sanceau, Elaine, The Reign of the Fortunate King 1495-1521. USA, 1970.

Smith, Bradley, Spain: A History in Art. Garden City, no date.

Smith, Rhea Marsh, Spain: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1965.

Spain in the Fifteenth Century 1369-1516: Essays and Extracts by Historians of Spain ed. Roger Highfield tr. Frances M. Lopez-Morillas. London, 1972.

Stephens, H. Morse, The Story of Portugal. New York, 1891.

Stern, Charlotte, The Medieval Theater in Castile. Binghamton, 1996.

Whinnom, Keith, Diego de San Pedro. New York, 1974.


Baumgartner, Frederic J., Louis XII. New York, 1996.

Castries, Rene de La Croix, duc de, The Lives of the Kings and Queens of France. New York, 1979.

Champion, Pierre, Louis XI tr. Winifred Stephens Whale. New York, 1929.

Commynes, Philippe de, Memoirs: The Reign of Louis XI 1461-83 tr. Michael Jones. Middlesex, 1972.

Conte, Louis de, Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc tr. Jean François Alden in Historical Romances by Mark Twain. New York, 1994.

Crowe, Eyre Evans, The History of France, Volume 2. London, 1860.

Denieull-Cormier, Anne, The Renaissance in France 1488-1559 tr. Ann and Christopher Fremantle. London, 1968.

Famiglietti, R. C., Royal Intrigue: Crisis at the Court of Charles VI 1392-1420. New York, 1986.

Fox, John, A Literary History of France, Volume 1: The Middle Ages. London, 1974.

Gerson, Jean, Early Works tr. Brian Patrick McGuire. New York, 1998.

Goubert, Pierre, The Course of French History tr. Maarten Ultee. New York, 1988.

Guizot, M., History of France, Volume 2 tr. Robert Black. New York, 1900.

Kekewich, Margaret L., The Good King: René of Anjou and Fifteenth Century Europe. London, 2008.

Kendall, Paul Murray, Louis XI: The Universal Spider. New York, 1971.

Kitchin, G. W., A History of France, Volume 1-2. Oxford, 1896, 1899.

Knecht, R. J., The Rise and Fall of Renaissance France. Malden, 2001.

Lewis, D. B. Wyndham, François Villon: A Documentary Survey. Garden City, 1928.

McFarlane, I.  D., A Literary History of France, Volume 2: Renaissance France 1470-1589. New York, 1974.

McGuire, Brian Patrick, Jean Gerson and the Last Medieval Reformation. University Park, 2005.

McLeod, Enid, Charles of Orleans: Prince and Poet. New York, 1969.

Medieval France: A Companion to French Studies ed. Arthur Tilley. New York, 1922.

Medieval France: An Encylopedia ed. Willam W. Kibler and Grover A. Zinn. New York, 1995.

Medieval French Plays tr. Richard Axton and John Stevens. Oxford, 1971.

Michelet, Jules, The Life of Joan of Arc. USA, 1937.

Neillands, Robin, The Hundred Years War. London, 1990.

New History of French Literature, A ed. Denis Hollier. Cambridge, 1989.

Pernoud, Régine, Joan of Arc by Herself and Her Witnesses tr. Edward Hyams. Lanham, 1964.

Pernoud, Régine and Marie Véronique Clin, Joan of Arc: Her Story tr. Jeremy duQuesnay Adams. New York, 1998.

Pernoud, Régine, The Retrial of Joan of Arc: The Evidence at the Trial  for Her Rehabilitation 1450-1456 tr. J. M. Cohen. New York, 1955.

Perroy, Edouard, The Hundred Years War tr. W. B. Wells. New York, 1951.

Pisan, Christine de, The Treasure of the City of Ladies or the Book of the Three Virtues tr. Sarah Lawson. London, 1985.

Pizan, Christine de, The Book of Peace tr. Karen Green et al. University Park, 2008.

Pizan, Christine de, The Book of the City of Ladies tr. Earl Jeffrey Richards. New York, 1982.

Pizan, The Selected Writings of Christine de tr. Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski and Keven Brownlee. New York, 1997.

Pizan, The Vision of Christine de tr. Glenda McCleod and Charity Cannon Willard. Cambridge, 2005.

Recovery of France in the Fifteenth Century, The ed. P. S. Lewis, tr. G. F. Martin. London, 1971.

René of Anjou, The Book of the Love-Smitten Heart tr. Stephanie Viereck Gibbs and Kathryn Karczewska. New York, 2001.

Sackville-West, V., Saint Joan of Arc. New York, 1936.

Seward, Desmond, The Hundred Years War: The English in France, 1337-1453. New York, 1978.

Simone, Franco, The French Renaissance: Medieval Tradition and Italian Influence in Shaping the Renaissance in France tr. H. Gaston Hall. London, 1969.

Spoto, Donald, Joan: The Mysterious Life of the Heretic Who Became a Saint. New York, 2007.

Stone, Donald Jr., French Humanist Tragedy: A Reassessment. Manchester, 1974.

Sumption, Jonathan, The Hundred Years War, Volume 1: Trial by Battle. Philadelphia, 1990.

Medieval France: A Companion to French Studies ed. Arthur Tilley. New York, 1922.

Tuchman, Barbara W., A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. New York, 1978.

Villon, The Poems of François tr. Galway Kinnell. New York, 1965.

Warner, Marina, Joan of Arc: The Image of Female Heroism. Berkeley, 1981.

Willard, Charity Cannon, Christine de Pizan: Her Life and Works. New York, 1984.

England, Scotland, and Ireland

Alexander, Michael Van Cleave, The First of the Tudors: A Study of Henry VII and His Reign. London, 1980.

Allmand, Christopher, Henry V. Berkeley, 1992.

Ashley, Maurice, Great Britain to 1688. Ann Arbor, 1961.

Bacon, The Essays of Lord: Including His Moral and Historical Works. London, 1888.

Bevington, David, Medieval Drama. Boston, 1975.

Bindoff, S. T., Tudor England. Middlesex, 1950.

Cambridge History of English Literature, The, Volumes 2-3 ed. A. W. Ward and A. R. Waller. New York, 1917.

Chambers, R. W., Thomas More. Ann Arbor, 1958.

Chief Pre-Shakespearean Dramas ed. Joseph Quincy Adams. Boston, 1924.

Chrimes, S. B., Henry VII. Berkeley, 1972.

Chronicle and Romance: Froissart Malory Holinshed. New York, 1919.

Clark, Henry W., History of English Nonconformity from Wyclif to the Close of the Nineteenth Century. London, 1911.

Conway, Agnes, Henry VII’s Relations with Scotland and Ireland 1485-1498. New York, 1932.

Costain, Thomas B., The Last Plantagenets. Garden City, 1962.

Costain, Thomas B., The Three Edwards. Garden City, 1962.

Coulton, G. G., Medieval Panorama: The English Scene from Conquest to Reformation. Cleveland, 1955.

Cunningham, Sean, Henry VII. London, 2007.

Curtis, Edmund, A History of Ireland From Earliest Times to 1922. London, 2002.

D’Alton, E. A., History of Ireland From the Earliest Times to the Present Day, Half-volume II: 1210 to 1547. London, 1910.

Davies, John, A History of Wales. London, 1993.

Donaldson, Gordon, Scotland: James V to James VII. Edinburgh, 1971.

Du Boulay, F. R. H., An Age of Ambition: English Society in the late Middle Ages. New York, 1970.

Early English Drama: An Anthology ed. John C. Coldewey. New York, 1993.

Elton, G. R., The Tudor Constitution: Documents and Commentary. London, 1960.

English Mystery Plays ed. Peter Happé. Middlesex, 1975.

Everyman and Medieval Miracle Plays ed. A. C. Cawley. New York, 1959.

Farrow, John, The Story of Thomas More. Garden City, 1954.

Finerty, John F., Ireland: The People’s History of Ireland, Volume 1. New York, 1904.

Ferguson, Charles W., Naked to Mine Enemies: The Life of Cardinal Wolsey, 2 volumes. New York, 1958.

Four Morality Plays ed. Peter Happé. Middlesex, 1979.

Fox’s Book of Martyrs ed. William Byron Forbush. Grand Rapids, 1954.

Fraser, Antonia, The Wives of Henry VIII. New York, 1992.

Fraser, George MacDonald, The Steel Bonnets: The Story of the Anglo-Scottish Border Reivers. London, 1971.

Gillingham, John, The Wars of the Roses: Peace and Conflict in Fifteenth-Century England. Baton Rouge, 1981.

Grant, Alexander, Independence and Nationhood: Scotland 1306-1469. London, 1984.

Griffiths, R. A., The Reign of King Henry VI. Gloucestershire, 1998.

Hackett, Francis, Henry the Eighth. New York, 1929.

Harvey, I. M. W., Jack Cade’s Rebellion of 1450. Oxford, 1991.

Hicks, Michael, Warwick the Kingmaker. Oxford, 1998.

Historical Studies of the English Parliament, Volume 2: 1399 to 1603 ed. E. B. Fryde and Edward Miller. London, 1970.

Holzknecht, Karl J., Outlines of Tudor and Stuard Plays 1497-1642. New York, 1947.

Hume, David, The History of England, Volumes 2-3. Philadelphia, 1876.

Jacob, E. F., The Oxford History of England: The Fifteenth Century 1399-1485. Oxford, 1969.

Kemp, The Book of Margery tr. R. A. Windeatt. London, 1985.

Kendall, Paul Murray, Richard the Third. New York, 1956.

Kendall, Paul Murray, The Yorkist Age: Daily Life During the Wars of the Roses. Garden City, 1962.

Kirby, J. L., Henry IV of England. London, 1970.

Kleineke, Hannes, Edward IV. Abingdon, 2009.

Lockyer, Roger, Tudor and Stuart Britain 1471-1714. Harlow, 1985.

Lowe, Ben, Imagining Peace: A History of Early English Pacifist ideas, 1340-1560. University Park, 1997.

Luke, Mary M., Catherine the Queen. New York, 1967.

Macdougall, Norman, James III: A Political Study. Edinburgh, 1982.

Macdougall, Norman, James IV. Edinburgh, 1989.

Mackenzie, Agnes Mure, The Rise of the Stewarts. Edinburgh, 1935.

Mackie, J. D., The Earlier Tudors 1485-1558. London, 1966.

Mackie, J. D., A History of Scotland. Middlesex, 1964.

Maitland, F. W., The Constitutional History of England. London, 1908.

Malone, Kemp and Albert C. Baugh, The Middle Ages: A Literary History of England, Volume 1. New York, 1967.

Malory, Thomas, Le Morte Darthur ed. Stephen H. A. Shepherd. New York, 2004.

Mattingly, Garrett, Catherine of Aragon. Boston, 1941.

McNiven, Peter, Heresy and Politics in the Reign of Henry IV: The Burning of John Badby. Suffolk, 1987.

Medieval and Renaissance Poets: Langland to Spenser ed. W. H. Auden and Norman Holmes Pearson. New York, 1950.

Medieval and Tudor Drama ed. John Gassner. New York, 1987.

Medieval Outlaws: Ten Tales in Modern English ed. Thomas H. Ohlgren. Gloucestershire, 1998.

Myers, A. R., England in the Late Middle Ages (1307-1536). Middlesex, 1963.

New History of Ireland, A, Volume II: Medieval Ireland 1169-1534 ed. Art Cosgrove. Oxford, 1987.

Nicholson, Ranald, Scotland: The Later Middle Ages. Edinburgh, 1974.

Otway-Ruthven, A. J., A History of Medieval Ireland. London, 1968.

Plantagenet Chronicles, The ed. Elizabeth Hallam. New York, 1986.

Platt, Colin, Medieval England: A Social History and Archaeology frm the Conquest to 1600 AD. New York, 1978.

Pollard, A. J., Late Medieval England 1399-1509. Harlow, 2000.

Private Life in the Fifteenth Century: Illustrated Letters of the Paston Family ed. Roger Virgoe. New York, 1989.

Pugh, T. B., Henry V and the Southampton Plot of 1415. Southampton, 1988.

Religious Drama 2: Mystery and Morality Plays ed. E. Martin Browne. New York, 1958.

Renaissance in England, The: Non-dramatic Prose and Verse of the Sixteenth Century ed. Hyder E.  Rollins and Herschel Baker. Boston, 1954.

Renaissance Poetry: English Masterpieces ed. Leonard Dean. Englewood Cliffs, 1961.

Rhys, John and David Brynmor-Jones, The Welsh People. London, 1923.

Ridley, Jasper, Henry VIII. New York, 1985.

Ross, Charles, Edward IV. Berkeley, 1974.

Ross, Charles, Richard III. Berkeley, 1981.

Royle, Trevor, Lancaster Against York: The Wars of the Roses and the Foundation of Modern Britain. Basingstroke, 2008.

Sadler, John, The Red Rose and the White: The Wars of the Roses, 1453-1487. Harlow, 2010.

Scarisbrick, J. J., Henry VIII. Berkeley, 1968.

Scofield, Cora L., The Life and Reign of Edward the Fourth, 2 volumes. London, 1923.

Scot, Walter, Scotland, Volume 1. New York, 1901.

Seward, Desmond, Henry V: The Scourge of God. New York, 1987.

Seward, Desmond, Richard III: England’s Black Legend. New York, 1983.

Simons, Eric N., The Reign of Edward IV. New York, 1966.

Sources of English Constitutional History ed. Carl Stephenson and Frederick George Macham. New York, 1937.

Speirs, John, Medieval English Poetry: The Non-Chaucerian Tradition. London, 1971.

Strickland, Agnes, Lives of the Queens of England, Volumes 3-4. Philadelphia, 1902.

Taine, Hippolyte Adolphe, History of English Literature, 4 volumes tr. Henry Van Laun. New York, 1900.

Trevelyan, G. M., History of England, Volumes 1-2. Garden City, 1952.

Tudor Poetry and Prose ed. J. William Hebel et al. New York, 1953.

Wakefield Mystery Plays, The ed. Martial Rose. Garden City, 1961.

Wolffe, Bertram, Henry VI. London, 1980.

Wormald, Jenny, Court, Kirk, and Community: Scotland 1470-1625. London, 1981.

Wylie, James Hamilton, History of England under Henry the Fourth, Volume I: 1399-1404. New York, 1884.

Wylie, James Hamilton, History of England under Henry the Fourth, Volume II: 1405-1406. New York, 1894.

Wylie, James Hamilton, History of England under Henry the Fourth, Volume III: 1407-1410. New York, 1896.

Wylie, James Hamilton and William Templeton Waugh, The Reign of Henry the Fifth, 3 volumes. New York, 1914, 1919, 1929.

York Mystery Plays: A Selection in Modern Spelling ed. Richard Beadle and Pamela M. King. Oxford, 1984.

Erasmus and Spreading Humanism

Ackroyd, Peter, The Life of Thomas More. New York, 1998.

Adams, Robert P., The Better Part of Valor: More, Erasmus, Colet, and Vives, on Humanism, War, and Peace, 1496-1535. Seattle, 1962.

Agricola, Rudolph, Letters tr. Adrie van der Laan and Fokke Akkerman. Tempe, 2002.

Bainton, Roland H., Erasmus of Christendom. New York, 1969.

Brant, Sebastian, The Ship of Fools tr. Edwin H. Zeydel. New York, 1944.

Cambridge History of English Literature, The, Volume III: Renascence and Reformation. New York, 1917.

Chambers, R. W., Thomas More. Ann Arbor, 1958.

Companion to Thomas More, A ed. A. D. Cousins and Damian Grace. Cranbury, 2009.

DeMolen, Richard L., The Spirituality of Erasmus of Rotterdam. Den Haag, 1987.

Erasmus ed. Richard L. DeMolen. New York, 1973.

Erasmus and Cambridge: The Cambridge Letters of Erasmus tr. D. F.  S. Thompson. Toronto, 1963.

Erasmus, Collected Works of, Volume 26: Literary and Educational Writings ed. J. K. Souris. Toronto, 1985.

Erasmus, Desiderius, The Education of a Christian Prince tr. Lester K. Born. New York, 1936.

Erasmus, Desiderius, The Praise of Folly and Other Writings tr. Robert M. Adams. New York, 1989.

Erasmus, Institutio Principis Christiani: Chapters III-XI tr. Percy Ellwood Corbett. London, 1921.

Erasmus of Rotterdam: The Man and the Scholar ed. J. Sperna Weiland and W. Th. M. Frijhoff. Leiden, 1988.

Erasmus on His Times: A Shortened Version of the ‘Adages’ of Erasmus ed. Margaret Mann Phillips. Cambridge, 1967.

Erasmus Reader, The ed. Erika Rummel. Toronto, 1990.

Erasmus, Ten Colloquies tr. Craig R. Thompson. Indianapolis, 1957.

Erasmus, The Adages of: Selected by William Barker tr. Margaret Mann Phillips. Toronto, 2001.

Erasmus, The Essential tr. John P. Dolan. New York, 1964.

Farrow, John, The Story of Thomas More. Garden City, 1954.

Froude, James Anthony, Life and Letters of Erasmus. New York, 1894.

Gilmore, Myron P., The World of Humanism 1453-1517. New York, 1952.

Gordon, Walter M., Humanist Play and Belief: The Seriocomic Art of Desiderius Erasmus. Toronto, 1990.

Huizinga, Johan, Erasmus and the Age of  Reformation tr. F. Hopman. New York, 1924.

Humanism and the Northern Renaissance ed. Kenneth R. Bartlett and Margaret McGlynn. Toronto, 2000.

Humanism in France at the End of the Middle Ages and in the Early Renaissance ed. A. H. T. Levi. New York, 1970.

Hyma, Albert, The Youth of Erasmus. New York, 1968.

Itinerarium Italicum: The Profile of the Italian Renaissance in the Mirror of its European Transformations ed. Heiko A. Oberman with Thomas A. Brady, Jr. Leiden, 1975.

Lowe, Ben, Imagining Peace: A History of Early English Pacifist ideas, 1340-1560. University Park, 1997.

Marius, Richard, Thomas More: A Biography. New York, 1984.

More, Thomas, The Utopia including Roper’s Life of More and Letters of More and His Daughter Margaret. Roslyn, 1947.

More, Thomas, Utopia tr. Robert M. Adams. New York, 1975.

More, Thomas, Utopia and a Dialogue of Comfort. London, 1910.

Renaissance Humanism: Foundations, Forms, and Legacy, 3 volumes ed. Albert Rabil, Jr. Philadelphia, 1988.

Renaissance in England, The: Non-dramatic Prose and Verse of the Sixteenth Century ed. Hyder E. Rollins and Herschel Baker. Boston, 1954.

Rummel, Erika, The Case Against Johann Reuchlin: Religious and Social Controversy in Sixteenth-Century Germany. Toronto, 2002.

Segel, Harold B., Renaissance Culture in Poland: The Rise of Humanism, 1470-1543. Ithaca, 1989.

Smith, Preserved, Erasmus: A Study of His Life, Ideals and Place in History. New York, 1923.

Tracy, James D., Erasmus of the Low Countries. Berkeley, 1996.

Tracy, James D., Erasmus: The Growth of a Mind. Geneva, 1972.

Utopia of Sir Thomas More including Roper’s Life of More and Letters of More and His Daughter Margaret, The. Roslyn, 1947.

Woodward, William Harrison, Studies in Education during the Age of Renaissance 1400-1600. New York, 1967.

Copyright © 2011 by Sanderson Beck

EUROPE & Humanism 1400-1517 has been published.
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EUROPE & Reform 1517-1588

Milan and Venice 1400-1517
Florence, the Medici and Machiavelli
Rome, Popes, and Naples 1400-1517
Italy and Humanism
Eastern Europe 1400-1517
German Empire 1400-1517
Scandinavia 1400-1517
Castile, Aragon, Granada, and Portugal 1400-1517
France’s Long War 1400-1453
France in the Renaissance 1453-1517
England of Henry IV, V, and VI 1399-1461
England 1461-1517
Scotland and Ireland 1400-1517
Erasmus and Spreading Humanism
Summary and Evaluation Europe 1400-1517

Chronology of Europe 1400-1588
World Chronology

BECK index