BECK index

Europe & Reason 1715-88


General and Miscellaneous
England, Scotland, and Ireland
Spain and Portugal
Austrian Empire and Switzerland
Poland-Lithuania and Russia

General and Miscellaneous

Anderson, Bonnie S. and Judith P. Zinsser, A History of Their Own: Women in Europe from Prehistory to the Present, 2 volumes. New York, 1988.
Anderson, M. S., Europe in the Eighteenth Century 1713-1783. London, 1987.
Becker, Carl L., The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-century Philosophers. New Haven, 1932.
Brock, Peter, Freedom from Violence: Sectarian Nonresistance from the Middle Ages to the Great War. Toronto, 1991.
Butler’s Lives of the Saints ed. Michael Walsh. San Francisco, 1985.
Caron, M. and S. Hutin, The Alchemists tr. Helen R. Lane. New York, 1961.
Christian Ethics ed. Waldo Beach and H. Richard Niebuhr. New York, 1955.
Chronicle of the World ed. Hazel Bedford et al. New York, 1989.
Cragg, Gerald R., The Church and the Age of Reason 1648-1789. Middlesex, 1970.
Cultures of the Jews: A New History ed. David Biale. New York, 2002.
Durant, Will and Ariel, The Age of Voltaire. New York, 1965.
Durant, Will and Ariel, Rousseau and Revolution. New York, 1967.
Early Modern Europe: Crisis of Authority ed. Eric Cochrane, Charles M. Gray, and Mark A. Kishlansky. Chicago, 1987.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 30 volumes. Chicago, 1976.
Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 volumes ed. Paul Edwards. New York, 1967.
Encyclopedia of World History, An ed. William L. Langer. Boston, 1980.
Enlightenment, The ed. Frank E. Manuel. Englewood Cliffs, 1965.
Foucault, Michel, Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason tr. Richard Howard. New York, 1965.
Fremantle, Anne, The Papal Encyclicals in Their Historical Context. New York, 1956.
Gay, Peter, The Enlightenment: An Interpretation: Volume I: The Rise of Modern Paganism. New York, 1966.
Gay, Peter, The Enlightenment: An Interpretation: Volume II: The Science of Freedom. New York, 1969.
Graetz, Heinrich, History of the Jews, Volume 5. Philadelphia, 1895.
Heer, Friedrich, The Intellectual History of Europe, Volume II The Counter-Reformation to 1945 tr. Jonathan Steinberg. Garden City, 1953.
History of Women in the West, A, Volume III: Renaissance and Enlightenment Paradoxes ed. Natalie Zemon Davis and Arlette Farge. Cambridge, 1993.
Hughes, Philip, The Church in Crisis: A History of the General Councils 325-1870. Garden City, 1961.
Israel, Jonathan I., Democratic Enlightenment: Philosophy, Revolution, and Human Rights 1750-1790. Oxford, 2011.
Israel, Jonathan I., European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550-1750. London, 1998.
Kaplan, Yosef, An Alternative Path to Modernity: The Sephardi Diaspora in Western Europe. Leiden, 2000.
Kochan, Lionel, The Making of Western Jewry, 1600-1819. London, 2004.
Lovejoy, Arthur O., The Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of an Idea. New York, 1936.
Mahan, Captain Alfred Thayer, The Influence of Sea Power upon History 1660-1783. New York, 1957.
Masterpieces of Catholic Literature in Summary Form ed. Frank N. Magill. New York, 1965.
Masterplots: 15-Volume Combined Edition 1510 Plot-Stories and Essay-Reviews from the World’s Fine Literature ed. Frank N. Magill. New York, 1964.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume VI: The Rise of Great Britain and Russia 1688-1715/25 ed. J. S. Bromley. Cambridge, 1970.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume VII: The Old Regime 1713-63 ed. J. O Lindsay. Cambridge, 1957.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume VIII: The American and French Revolutions 1763-93. Cambridge, 1965.
Palmer, R. R., The Age of Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800, Volume 1. Princeton, 1959.
Portable Age of Reason Reader, The ed. Crane Brinton. New York, 1956.
Quick, Robert Hebert, Essays on Educational Reformers. New York, 1890.
Rabb, Theodore K., The Struggle for Stability in Early Modern Europe. New York, 1975.
Reader’s Encyclopedia of World Drama, The ed. John Gassner & Edward Quinn. New York, 1969.
Roberts, Penfield, The Quest for Security 1715-1740. New York, 1947.
Standard Jewish Encyclopedia, The ed. Cecil Roth. Garden City, 1959.
Stuart, Tristram, The Bloodless Revolution: A Cultural History of Vegetarianism from 1600 to Modern Times. New York, 2006.
Three Thousand Years of Educational Wisdom: Selections from Great Documents ed. Robert Ulich. Cambridge, 1954.
Times Atlas of World History, The ed. Geoffrey Barraclough. Maplewood, 1984.
Trager, James, The People’s Chronology. New York, 1992.
Ulich, Robert, History of Educational Thought. New York, 1968.
Williams, Neville, Chronology of the Expanding World 1492 to 1762. New York, 1969.
Williams, Neville and Philip Waller, Chronology of the Modern World 1763-1992. Oxford, 1994.
Wisdom of Catholicism, The ed. Anton C. Pegis. New York, 1949.
Wisdom of Israel, The, ed. Lewis Browne. New York, 1945.

England, Scotland, and Ireland

Adelstein, Michael E., Fanny Burney. New York, 1968.
Barker, Gerard A., Henry Mackenzie. Boston, 1975.
Bate, W. Jackson, Samuel Johnson. New York, 1977.
Battestin, Martin C. and Ruthe R., Henry Fielding: A Life. London, 1989.
Baugh, Daniel, The Global Seven Years  War, 1754-1763: Britain and France in a Great Power Contest. Harlow, 2011.
Berkeley, George, Alciphron, or the Minute Philosopher in focus ed. David Berman. London, 1993.
Between Hume and Mill: An Anthology of British Philosophy 1749-1843: Selected Readings from Hartley to Ferrier ed. Robert Brown. New York, 1970.
Black, Jeremy, British foreign policy in an age of revolutions, 1783-1793. Cambridge, 1994.
Black, Jeremy, George II: Puppet of the Politicians? Exeter, 2007.
Black, Jeremy, George III: America’s Last King. New Haven, 2006.
Black, Jeremy, Pitt the Elder. Cambridge, 1992.
Black, Jeremy, Politics and Foreign Policy in the Age of George I, 1714-1727. Farnham, 2014.
Black, Jeremy, Politics and Foreign Policy, 1727-44. Farnham, 2014.
Black, Jeremy, Politics and Foreign Policy, 1744-57 Mid-Century Crisis. Farnham, 2015.
Boswell, James, The Heart of Boswell: Six Journals in One Volume ed. Mark Harris. New York, 1981.
Boswell, James, The Life of Samuel Johnson. New York, 1791.
Boswell’s London Journal 1762-1763 ed. Frederick A. Pottle. New York, 1950.
Bourke, Richard, Empire & Revolution: The Political Life of Edmund Burke. Princeton,2015.
Bree, Linda, Sarah Fielding. New York, 1996.
Brendon, Piers, The Decline and Fall of the British Empire 1781-1997. New York, 2007.
Brewer, John, The Pleasures of the Imagination: English Culture in the Eighteenth Century. New York, 1997.
British Authors Before 1800: A Biographical Dictionary ed. Stanley J. Kunitz and Howard Haycraft. New York, 1952.
British Dramatists from Dryden to Sheridan ed. George H. Nettleton and Arthur E. Case. Boson, 1969.
British Imperialism: Gold, God, Glory ed. Robin W. Winks. New York, 1963.
British Moralists 1650-1800, 2 volumes ed. D. D. Raphael. Oxford, 1969.
Broadview Anthology of Restoration & Early Eighteenth-Century Drama, The ed. J. Douglas Canfield. Orchard Park, 2001.
Brooke, John, King George III. St. Albans, 1972.
Buchan, James, The Authentic Adam Smith: His Life and Ideas. New York, 2006.
Burke, Edmund, On Taste; On the Sublime and Beautiful; Reflections on the French Revolution; A Letter to a Noble Lord. New York, 1909.
Burke’s Speeches & Letters on American Affairs. London, 1908.
Burney, Frances, Evelina or the History of a Young Lady’s Entrance into the World ed. Edward A. Bloom. Oxford, 2002.
Butler, Joseph, The Analogy of Religion to the Constitution and Course of Nature. London, 1736.
Cambridge Companion to John Wesley, The ed. Randy L. Maddox and Jason E. Vickers. Cambridge, 2010.
Cambridge Companion to Jonathan Swift, The ed. Christopher Fox. Cambridge, 2003.
Chesterfield, Lord, Letters ed. David Roberts. Oxford, 1998.
Clark, Henry W., History of English Nonconformity from Wyclif to the Close of the Nineteenth Century. London, 1911.
Cole, G. D. H. and Raymond Postgate, The British People 1746-1946. London, 1961.
Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 5 Modern Philosophy: The British Philosophers, Part I: Hobbes to Paley. Garden City, 1959.
Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 5 Modern Philosophy: The British Philosophers, Part II: Berkeley to Hume. Garden City, 1959.
Curtis, Edmund, A History of Ireland From Earliest Times to 1922. London, 2002.
Davies, Adrian, The Quakers in English Society 1655-1725. Oxford, 2000.
Davies, John, A History of Wales. London, 1993.
Deane, Phyllis, The First Industrial Revolution. London, 1965.
Defoe, Daniel, Captain Singleton. London, 1969.
Defoe, Daniel, Colonel Jack ed. Samuel Holt Monk. London, 1965.
Defoe, Daniel, The Fortunate Mistress. New York, 1924.
Defoe, Daniel, A General History of the Pyrates ed. Manuel Schonhorn. Columbia, 1972.
Defoe, Daniel, History of the Devil. Los Angeles, 1965.
Defoe, Daniel, His Life and Recently Discovered Writings extending from 1716 to 1729, volumes 2-3 ed. William Lee. New York, 1869.
Defoe, Daniel, Memoirs of a Cavalier ed. James T. Boulton. London, 1972.
Defoe, Daniel, Moll Flanders ed. Edward Kelly. New York, 1973.
Defoe, Daniel, Robinson Crusoe and A Journal of the Plague Year. New York, 1942.
Defoe, Daniel, Roxana: The Fortunate Mistress. London, 1982.
Defoe, The Versatile ed. Laura Ann Curtis. London, 1979.
Defoe’s Review, The Best of ed. William L. Payne. New York, 1951.
Drinkwater, John, Charles James Fox. New York, 1928.
Eighteenth Century Plays Introduction by Ricardo Quintana. New York, 1952.
Everett, Charles W., Jeremy Bentham. New York, 1966.
Female Wits, The: Women Playwrights on the London Stage 1660-1720 ed. Fidelis Morgan. London, 1981.
Ferguson, William, Scotland 1689 to the Present. Edinburgh, 1968.
Fielding, Henry, Amelia, Volume 2. New York, 1962.
Fielding, Henry, Joseph Andrews and Shamela. Boston, 1961.
Fielding, Henry, Mr. Jonathan Wild and A Journey from This World to the Next, &c ed. William Ernest Henley. Frank Cass, 1967.
Fielding, New Essays by Henry: His Contributions to the Craftsman (1734-1739) and Other Early Journalism. Charlottesville, 1989.
Fielding, Henry, Tom Jones ed. Sheridan Baker. New York, 1973.
Fielding, Henry, The True Patriot and Related Writings ed. W. B. Coley. Middletown, 1987.
Fielding, Henry, Plays, Volume One 1728-1731 ed. Thomas Lockwood. Oxford, 2004.
Fielding, Sarah, The Adventures of David Simple and The Adventures of David Simple, Volume the Last ed. Linda Bree. London, 2002.
Finerty, John F., Ireland: The People’s History of Ireland, Volume 1. New York, 1904.
Four Great Comedies of the Restoration and Eighteenth Century. New York, 1958.
Fox, Memorials and Correspondence of Charles James ed. John Russell, Vol. II. Philadelphia, 1853.
Fox’s Book of Martyrs: A History of the Lives, Sufferings and Triumphant Deaths of the Early Christian and the Protestant Martyrs ed. William Byron Forbush. Grand Rapids, 1926.
Frank, Katherine, Crusoe: Daniel Defoe, Robert Knox and the Creation of a Myth. New York, 2012.
From Dryden to Johnson ed. Boris Ford. Baltimore, 1965.
Gibbon, The Autobiography of Edward. New York, 1961.
Gill, Michael B., The British Moralists on Human Nature and the Birth of Secular Ethics. Cambridge, 2006.
Glendinning, Victoria, Jonathan Swift: a portrait. New York, 1998.
Goldsmith, Netta Murray, Alexander Pope: The evolution of a poet. Aldershot, 2002.
Goldsmith, The Miscellaneous Works of Oliver ed. Professor Masson. London, 1908.
Goldsmith, Oliver, The Vicar of Wakefield. New York, 1964.
Gray, The Poetical Works of Thomas ed. John Bradshaw. London, 1891.
Great Voices of the Reformation: An Anthology ed. Harry Emerson Fosdick. New York, 1952.
Green, Thomas Hill, Hume and Locke. New York, 1968.
Harris, Tim, The Great Crisis of the British Monarchy 1685-1720. London, 2006.
Hatton, Ragnhild, George I: Elector and King. London, 1978.
Hill, Brian W., Sir Robert Walpole: ‘Sole and Prime Minister.’ London, 1989.
Hobshawm, E. J., Industry and Empire From 1750 to the Present Day. Middlesex, 1969.
Hoppit, Julian, A Land of Liberty? England 1689-1727. Oxford, 2000.
Hume, David, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. Indianapolis, 1947.
Hume, David, A Dissertation on the Passions; The Natural History of Religion ed. Tom L. Beauchamp. Oxford, 2007.
Hume, David, An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals ed. Tom L. Beauchamp. Oxford, 1998.
Hume, David, Essays: Moral, Political, and Literary ed. Eugene F. Miller. Indianapolis, 1985.
Hume, David, A Treatise of Human Nature. London, 1888.
Irving, Washington, Life of Oliver Goldsmith. New York, 1849.
Janney, Samuel M., History of the Religious Society of Friends from its Rise to the Year 1828 in four volumes, Vol. 1-2. Philadelphia, 1859, 1861.
Johnson, Samuel, The History of Rasselas: Prince of Abyssina. New York, no date.
Johnson, Samuel, Lives of the English Poets. Chicago, 1955.
Johnson, Samuel, The Major Works ed. Donald Greene. Oxford, 1984.
Johnson, Samuel, Political Writings ed. Donald J. Greene. New Haven, 1977.
Johnson, Samuel, The Rambler. London, 1953.
Johnson, Samuel, Rasselas, Poems, and Selected Prose ed. Bertrand H. Bronson. New York, 1958.
Judd, Denis, Empire: The British Imperial Experience from 1765 to the Present. New York, 1996.
Lang, Andrew, A History of Scotland from the Roman Occupation, Vol. IV. New York, 1907.
Langford, Paul, A Polite and Commercial People: England 1727-1783. Oxford, 1989.
Law, William, A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life: The Spirit of Love ed. Paul G. Stanwood. New York, 1978.
Lecky, William Edward Hartpole, A History of England in the Eighteenth Century, Volume II. London, 1891.
Lenman, Bruce, Integration: Englightenment, and Industrialization: Scotland 1746-1832. London, 1981.
Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Johnson and Goldsmith. Boston, 1930.
Mackenzie, Henry, The Man of Feeling ed. Brian Vickers. Oxford, 2001.
Mackie, J. D., A History of Scotland. Middlesex, 1964.
Magnusson, Magnus, Scotland: The Story of a Nation. New York, 2000.
Martin, Peter, Samuel Johnson: A Biography. Cambridge, 2008.
Middleton, Richard, The Bells of Victory: The Pitt-Newcastle Ministry and the Conduct of the Seven Years’ War, 1757-1762. Cambridge, 1985.
Mitchison, Rosalind, Lordship to Patronage: Scotland 1603-1745. London, 1983.
Murray, John J., George I, The Baltic and the Whig Split of 1717: A Study in Diplomacy and Propaganda. Chicago, 1969.
New History of Ireland, A, Volume IV: Eighteenth-century Ireland 1691-1800 ed. T. W. Moody and W. E. Vaughan. Oxford, 1986.
New History of Ireland, A, Volume VIII: A Chronology of Irish History to 1976 ed. T. W. Moody et al. Oxford, 1982.
Novak, Maximillian E., Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Ideas. Oxford, 2001.
O’Rourke, P. J., On The Wealth of Nations. New York, 2007.
Ossian, The Poems of tr. James MacPherson. Edinburgh, 1926.
Otten, Robert M., Joseph Addison. Boston, 1982.
Oxford Companion to Irish History, The ed. S. J. Connolly. 2002.
Paulson, Ronald, The Life of Henry Fielding. Oxford, 2000.
Plumb, J. H., England in the Eighteenth Century. Middlesex, 1950.
Poets and Poetry of Scotland from the Earliest to the Present Time, Volume I ed. James Grant Wilson. New York, 1875.
Pope, Poetry and Prose of Alexander. Boston, 1969.
Pope, Alexander, An Essay on Man ed. Tom Jones. Princeton, 2016.
Pope, Alexander, Selected Poetry & Prose. New York, 1951.
Price and the Ethical Foundation of the American Revolution, Richard ed. Bernard Peach. Durham, 1979.
Quintana, Ricardo, Swift: An Introduction. London, 1955.
Rack, Henry D., Reasonable Enthusiast: John Wesley and the Rise of Methodism. London, 1989.
Restoration and Augustan Poets: Milton to Goldsmith ed. W. H. Auden and Norman Holmes Pearson. New York, 1950.
Restoration and 18th-Century Comedy ed. Scott McMillin. New York, 1973.
Restoration and 18th-Century Drama Introduction by Arthur H. Scouten. New York, 1980.
Rhys, John and David Brynmor-Jones, The Welsh People. London, 1923.
Dammers, Richard H., Richard Steele. Boston, 1982.
Richardson, Samuel, Clarissa or The History of a Young Lady ed. George Sherburn. Boston, 1962.
Richardson, Samuel, Clarissa or The History of a Young Lady ed. Angus Ross. London, 1985.
Richardson, Samuel, The History of Sir Charles Grandison. London, 1972.
Richardson, Samuel, Pamela or Virtue Rewarded. New York, 1958.
Richardson, Samuel, Pamela, 2 volumes. New York, 1962.
Richetti, John J., Daniel Defoe. Boston, 1987.
Robertson, Charles Grant, Chatham & the British Empire, A Study of William Pitt. New York, 1946.
Rogers, Pat, The Alexander Pope Encyclopedia. Westport, 2004.
Rosebery, Lord, Lord Chatham: His Early Life and Connections. New York, 1910.
Ross, Ian Campbell, Laurence Sterne. Oxford, 2001.
Ross, Ian Simpson, The Life of Adam Smith. Oxford, 1995.
Schofield, Philip, Utility and Democracy: The Political Thought of Jeremy Bentham. Oxford, 2006.
Scot, Walter, Scotland, Volume 1. New York, 1901.
Sheridan, Plays ed. Cecil Price. London, 1975.
Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, The Rivals; The Duenna; A Trip to Scarborough; The School for Scandal; The Critic ed. Michael Cordner. Oxford, 1998.
Sheridan Comedies: The Rivals, A Trip to Scarborough, The School for Scandal, The Critic: A Casebook ed. Peter Davison. London, 1986.
Smith, The Essential Adam ed. Robert L. Heilbroner. New York, 1986.
Smith, Adam, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Chicago, 1952.
Smith, Adam, The Theory of Moral Sentiments ed. Knud Haakonssen. Cambridge, 2002.
Smith, Preserved, The Enlightenment 1687-1776. New York, 1962.
Smollett, Tobias George, The Expedition of Humphry Clinker. New York, 1950.
Smollett, Tobias, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle. London, 1930.
Smollett, Tobias, The Adventures of Roderick Random. 1964.
Sources of English Constitutional History ed. Carl Stephenson and Frederick George Macham. New York, 1937.
Steele and Addison, Selections from the Tatler and the Spectator of ed. Angus Ross. Middlesex, 1982.
Sterne, Laurence, Life of Percy Fitzgerald including Memoirs of the Life of the Family of the Late Rev. Mr. Laurence Sterne. New York, 1904.
Sterne, Laurence, A Sentimental Journey and Other Writings ed. Ian Jack and Tim Parnell. Oxford, 2003.
Sterne, Laurence, A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy. London, 1967.
Sterne, Laurence, Tristram Shandy ed. Howard Anderson. New York, 1980.
Swift, Jonathan, Gulliver’s Travels ed Robert A. Greenberg. New York, 1970.
Swift, The Portable ed. Carl van Doren. Middlesex, 1976.
Swift, Jonathan, The Writings of ed. Robert A. Greenberg and William B. Piper. New York, 1973.
Taine, Hippolyte Adolphe, History of English Literature tr. Henry van Laun, 4 volumes. New York, 1900.
Thomas , Peter D. G., George III: King and politician 1760-1770. Manchester, 2002.
Thompson, Andrew C., George II: King and Elector. New Haven, 2011.
Trevelyan, George Otto, The Early History of Charles James Fox. London, 1881.
Trevelyan, G. M., History of England, Volume III: From Utrecht to Modern Times. Garden City, 1952.
University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Volume 6 Early Modern Europe: Crisis of Authority ed. Eric Cochrane et al. Chicago, 1987.
Wain, John, Samuel Johnson. New York, 1974.
Walpole, Horace, The Closing Years of George II. New York, 1901.
Watson, Steven J., The Reign of George III 1760-1815. London, 1960.
Wesley, the Journal of John ed. Percy Livingstone Parker. Chicago, no date.
Wesley, John, Sermons on Several Occasions. London, 1944.
Wesley, John and Charles, Selected Prayers, Hymns, Journal Notes, Sermons, Letters and Treatises ed. Frank Whaling. New York, 1981.
Williams, Basil, The Whig Supremacy 1714-1760. Oxford,1962.
Wyon, Olive, Teachings toward Christian Perfection introducing Three Spiritual Classics (Christian Perfection by John Wesley). New York, 1963.
Yapp, Nick, The British Millennium: 1,000 Remarkable Years of Incident and Achievement. Koln, 2000.


Baugh, Daniel, The Global Seven Years  War, 1754-1763: Britain and France in a Great Power Contest. Harlow, 2011.
Bayle, Political Writings tr. Sally L. Jenkinson. Cambridge, 2000.
Beaumarchais, Pierre-Augustin Caron de, The Barber of Seville and The Marriage of Figaro tr. John Wood. Middlesex, 1964.
Beaumarchais, The Figaro Plays tr. John Wells. Indianapolis, 1997.
Bernier, Olivier, Louis the Beloved: The Life of Louis XV. Garden City, 1984.
Besterman, Theodore, Voltaire. London, 1969.
Blom, Philipp, Enlightening the World: Encyclopédie, The Book That Changed the Course of History. New York, 2004.
Brandes, Georg, Voltaire, 2 volumes tr. Otto Kruger and Pierce Butler. New York, 1930.
Campbell, Peter R., Power and Politics in Old Regime France 1720-1745. London, 1996.
Castries, Rene de La Croix, duc de, The Lives of the Kings and Queens of France. New York, 1979.
Cobban, Alfred, A History of Modern France, Volume 1: Old Régime and Revolution 1715-1799. Middlesex, 1963.
Condorcet, Selected Writings ed. Keith Michael Baker. Indianapolis, 1976.
Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 6 Modern Philosophy Part I The French Enlightenment to Kant. Garden City, 1960.
Crocker, Lester G., Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 2 volumes. New York, 1968, 1973.
Crowe, Eyre Evans, The History of France, Volume 2. London, 1860.
D’Alembert, Jean Le Rond, Preliminary Discourse to the Encyclopedia of Diderot tr. Richard N. Schwab and Walter E. Rex. Indianapolis, 1963.
Damrosch, Leo, Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Restless Genius. Boston, 2005.
Davidson, Ian, Voltaire in Exile: The Last Years, 1753-78. New York, 2004.
Davidson, Ian, Voltaire a Life. New York, 2010.
Diderot, Denis, Jacques the Fatalist and His Master tr. David Coward. Oxford, 1999.
Diderot, Denis, The Nun (La Religieuse) tr. Marianne Sinclair. London, 1966.
Diderot, Denis, Rameau’s Nephew and other works tr. Jacques Barzun and Ralph Bowen. Indianapolis, 1956.
Diderot’s Selected Writings ed. Lester G. Crocker tr. Derek Coltman. New York, 1966.
Fay, Bernard, Louis XVI or The End of a World tr. Patrick O’Brian. Chicago, 1967.
Fellows, Otis, Diderot. Boston, 1977.
Foigny, Gabriel de, The Southern Land, Known. Syracuse, 1993.
French Utopias: An Anthology of Ideal Societies tr. Frank E. Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel. New York, 1966.
Gaxotte, Pierre, Louis the Fifteenth and His Times tr. J. Lewis May. Philadelphia, 1923.
Gooch, G. P., Louis XV: The Monarchy in Decline. London, 1956.
Gottschalk, Louis R., The Era of the French Revolution (1715-1815). Cambridge, 1957.
Goubert, Pierre, The Course of French History tr. Maarten Ultee. New York, 1988.
Gourney, Marie le Jars de, Apology for the Woman Writing and other works tr. Richard Hillman and Colette Quesnel. Chicago, 2002.
Great French Short Novels ed. E. W. Dupee. New York, 1952.
Greene, E. J. H., Marivaux. Toronto, 1965.
Guérard. Albert, France: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1959.
Guérard. Albert, France in the Classical Age: The Life and Death of an Ideal. New York, 1956.
Guizot, M., History of France, Volume 4 tr. Robert Black. New York, 1900.
Haac, Oscar A., Marivaux. New York, 1973.
Hardman, John, French Politics 1774-1789 From the accession of Louis XVI to the fall of the Bastille. London, 1995.
Hardman, John, Louis XVI: The Silent King. London, 2000.
Havens, George R., The Age of Ideas from reaction to revolution in eighteenth-century France. New York, 1955.
Howarth, W. D., Life and Letters in France: The Seventeenth Century. New York, 1965.
Jones, Colin, The Great Nation: France from Louis XV to Napoleon 1715-99. New York, 2002.
Kitchin, G. W., A History of France, Volume 2. Oxford, 1896, 1899.
Laclos, Choderlos de, Les Liaisons Dangereuses tr. P. W. K. Stone. Middlesex, 1961.
Ladurie, Emmanuel Le Roy, The Ancien Régime: A History of France 1610-1774. Oxford, 1996.
Le Sage, Alain René, The Devil upon Crutches tr. Tobias Smollett ed. O. M. Brack, Jr and Leslie A. Chilton. Athens, 2005.
Lefebvre, Georges, The French Revolution from its origins to 1793 tr. Elizabeth Moss Evanson. London, 1962.
Lewis, Gwynne, France, 1715-1804: Power and the People. Harlow, 2004.
Libertine Reader, The: Eroticism and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-century France ed. Michel Feher. New York, 1997.
Marivaux, Seven Comedies ed. Oscar Mandel. Ithaca, 1968.
Marivaux, Three Plays tr. Stephen Wadsworth. Lyme, 1999.
Marivaux, Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de, Up from the Country tr. Leonard Tancock, Infidelities and The Game of Love and Chance tr. David Cohen. Middlesex, 1980.
Martin, Henri, History of France from the Most Remote Period to 1789, Volume XV tr. Mary L. Booth. Boston, 1866.
Mason, John Hope, The Irresistible Diderot. London, 1982.
McKie, Douglas, Antoine Lavoisier: Scientist-Economist-Social Reformer. New York, 1962.
Memoirs of Madame de Pompadour of the Court of Louis XV. New York, 1910.
Mitford, Nancy, Madame de Pompadour. London, 1968.
Montesquieu, Persian Letters tr. C. J. Betts. London, 1973.
Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, Barone de, The Spirit of Laws tr. Thomas Nugent and J. V. Prichard. Chicago, 1952.
Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws tr. Anne M. Cohler et al. Cambridge, 1989.
Murphy, Orville T., The Diplomatic Retreat of France and Public Opinion on the Eve of the French Revolution, 1783-1789. Washington, 1998.
New History of French Literature, A ed. Denis Hollier. Cambridge, 1989.
Old Regime France 1648-1788 ed. William Doyle. Oxford, 2001.
Padover, Saul K., The Life and Death of Louis XVI. New York, 1939.
Prévost, Abbé, Manon Lescaut tr. Donald M. Frame. New York, 1983.
The Heirs of Moliere: Four French Comedies of the 17th and 18th Centuries tr. Marvin Carlson. New York, 2003.
Richter, Melvin, The political theory of Montesquieu. Cambridge, 1977.
Rosbottom, Ronald D., Choderlos de Laclos. Boston, 1978.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, The Confessions tr. J. M. Cohen. Melbourne, 1953.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, The Confessions tr. W. Conyngham Mallory. New York, 1928.
Rousseau, Collected Writings of, Vol. 4 Social Contract, etc. ed. Roger D. Masters and Christopher Kelly. Hanover, 1994.
Rousseau, Collected Writings of, Vol. 8 The Reveries of the Solitary Walker, etc. ed. Christopher Kelly. Hanover, 2000.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, A Discourse on Political Economy, The Social Contract tr. G. D. H. Cole. Chicago, 1952.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, Emile or On Education tr. Allan Bloom. New York, 1979.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, The First and Second Discourses tr. Roger D. and Judith R. Masters. New York, 1964.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, Julie, or the New Héloise tr. Philip Stewart and Jean Vaché. Hanover, 1997.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, A Lasting Peace through the Federation of Europe and the State of War tr. C. E. Vaughan. 1917.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, Reveries of the Solitary Walker tr. Peter France. Middlesex, 1979.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, The Social Contract tr. Maurice Cranston. Middlesex, 1968.
Rousseau, The Social Contract and other later political writings tr. Victor Gourevitch. Cambridge, 1997.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, Social Contract, Discourse on the Virtue Most Necessary for a Hero, Political Fragments, and Geneva Manuscript tr. Judith R. Bush et al. Hanover, 1994.
Rudé, George, The Crowd in History: A Study of Popular Disturbances in France and England 1730-1848. New York, 1964.
Saint-Pierre, Jacques-Henri Bernardin de, Paul and Virginia tr. John Donovan. London, 1989.
Saint-Simon, Duc de, Versailles, the Court and Louis XIV tr. Lucy Norton. New York, 1966.
Saint-Simon, Duke of, Memoirs of Louis XIV and the Regency tr. Bayle St. John, 3 volumes. Akron, 1901.
Saint-Simon, The Memoirs of Louis de Rouvroy Duc de Saint-Simon Covering the Years 1691-1723 tr. Desmond Flower. New York, 1959.
Schama, Simon, Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution. New York, 1989.
Shackleton, Robert, Montesquieu: A Critical Biography. London, 1961.
Smernoff, Richard, L’Abbé Prévost. Boston, 1985.
Stone, Donald Jr., French Humanist Tragedy: A Reassessment. Manchester, 1974.
Sungolowsky, Joseph, Beaumarchais. New York, 1974.
Thaddeus, Victor, Voltaire: Genius of Mockery. New York, 1928.
Three French Comedies tr. James Magruder. New Haven, 1996.
Unger, Harlow Giles, Improbable Patriot: The Secret History of Monsieur de Beaumarchais, the French Playwright Who Saved the American Revolution. Hanover, 2011.
Veiras, Denis, The History of the Sevarambians: A Utopian Novel tr. John Christian Laursen and Cyrus Masroori. Albany, 2006.
Voltaire, Candide or Optimism tr. Robert M. Adams. New York, 1966.
Voltaire, Candide & Zadig tr. Tobias George Smollett ed. Lester G. Crocker. New York, 1962.
Voltaire, Candide, Zadig and Selected Stories tr. Donald M. Frame. New York, 1961.
Voltaire, Memoirs of the Life of Monsieur de Voltaire Written by Himself tr. Andrew Brown. London, 2007.
Voltaire, The Works of, 42 volumes tr. William F. Fleming. Paris, 1901.
Woodbridge, John D., Revolt in Prerevolutionary France: The Prince de Conti’s Conspiracy against Louis XV, 1755-1757. Baltimore, 1995.
Wyon, Olive, Teachings toward Christian Perfection introducing Three Spiritual Classics. New York, 1963.
Zweig, Stefan, Marie Antoinette: The Portrait of an Average Woman tr. Eden and Cedar Paul. Garden City, 1933.

Spain and Portugal

Atkinson, William C., A History of Spain and Portugal. Middlesex, 1960.
Fitzmaurice-Kelly, James, A History of Spanish Literature. New York, 1925.
Fraser, Antonia, The Warrior Queens. New York, 1988.
Gerber, Jane S., The Jews of Spain: A History of the Sephardic Experience. New York, 1992.
Griffiths, Major Arthur, In Spanish Prisons: The Inquisition at Home and Abroad, Prisons Past and Present. New York, 1991.
Guevara, Maria de, Warnings to the Kings and Advice on Restoring Spain tr. Nieves Romero-Diaz. Chicago, 2007.
Hargreaves-Mawdsley, W. N., Eighteenth-Century Spain 1700-1788: A Political, Diplomatic and Institutional History. London, 1979.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 10: Spain and Portugal ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Hsia, R. Po-Chia, The World of Catholic Renewal, 1540-1770. Cambridge, 2005.
Kamen, Henry, Philip V of Spain: The King who Reigned Twice. New Haven, 2001.
Kamen, Henry, The Spanish Inquisition: An Historical Revision. London, 1997.
Livermore, H. V., A New History of Portugal. Cambridge, 1976.
Lynch, John, Bourbon Spain 1700-1808. Oxford, 1989.
Marques, A. H. de Oliveira, History of Portugal, Volume 1: From Lusitania to Empire. New York, 1972.
Merriman, Roger Bigelow, The Rise of the Spanish Empire in the Old World and in the New, Volume 2 The Catholic Kings. New York, 1918.
Newitt, Malyn, Portugal in European and World History. London, 2009.
Nowell, Charles E., A History of Portugal. New York, 1952.
Payne, Stanley G., A History of Spain and Portugal, Volume 2. Madison, 1973.
Petrie, Charles, King Charles III of Spain: An Enlightened Despot. London, 1971.
Smith, Bradley, Spain: A History in Art. Garden City, no date.
Smith, Rhea Marsh, Spain: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1965.
Spain under the Bourbons, 1700-1833 ed. W. N. Hargreaves-Mawdsley. London, 1973.
Stephens, H. Morse, The Story of Portugal. New York, 1891.


Acton, Harold, The Bourbons of Naples (1734-1825). London, 1956.
Beccaria, Cesare. Of Crimes and Punishments tr. Jane Grigson. New York, 1996.
Beccaria, Cesare. Of Crimes and Punishments and Other Writings tr. Aaron Thomas and Jeremy Parzen. Toronto, 2008.
Benedict XIV and the Enlightenment: Art, Science, and Spirituality ed. Rebecca Messbarger et al. Toronto, 2016.
Casanova de Seingalt, The Memoirs of Jacques, 6 volumes tr. Arthur Machen. London, 1959-61.
Casanova’s Memoirs ed. Joseph Monét. New York, 1930.
Collison-Morley, Lacy, Naples Through the Centuries. New York, 1924.
Finley, M. I. et al, A History of Sicily. New York, 1986.
Goldoni, Carlo, Five Comedies ed. Gianluco Rizzo and Michael Hackett. Toronto, 2016.
Goldoni, Four Comedies tr. Frederick Davies. Middlesex, 1968.
Goldoni, Carlo, The Servant of Two Masters tr. Edward J. Dent and Mirandolina tr. Lady Augusta Gregory in The Classic Theatre, Volume One: Six Italian Plays. Garden City, 1958.
Goldoni, Carlo, Three Comedies tr. Bax, Rawson, and Farjeon. London, 1961.
Gozzi, Carlo, Five Tales for the Theatre tr. Albert Bermel and Ted Emery. Chicago, 1989.
Gross, Hanns, Rome in the Enlightenment: The post-Tridentine syndrome and the ancient regime. Cambridge, 1990.
Hanlon, Gregory, The Twilight of a Military Tradition: Italian Aristocrats and European Conflicts 1560-1800. New York, 1998.
Hibbert, Christopher, The House of Medici: Its Rise and Fall. New York, 1974.
Hibbert, Christopher, Venice: The Biography of a City. New York, 1989.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 9: Italy ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Hsia, R. Po-Chia, The World of Catholic Renewal, 1540-1770. Cambridge, 2005.
Kesten, Hermann, Casanova tr. James Stern and Robert Pick. New York, 1955.
Maestro, Marcello, Cesare Beccaria and the Origins of Penal Reform. Philadelphia, 1973.
Monnier, Philippe, Venice in the Eighteenth Century. London, 1910.
Naples in the Eighteenth Century: The Birth and Death of a Nation State ed. Girolamo Imbruglia. Cambridge, 2000.
Norwich, John Julius, A History of Venice. New York, 1982.
Norwich, John Julius, Sicily: An Island at the Crossroads of History. New York, 2015.
Oxford History of Italy, The ed. George Holmes. Oxford, 1997.
Pastor, Ludwig Freiherr von, The History of the Popes from the Close of the Middle Ages, Volumes 33-40. London, 1941-61.
Procacci, Giuliano, History of the Italian People tr. Anthony Paul. London, 1970.
Rich, the Well Born, and the Powerful, The: Elites and Upper Classes in History ed. Frederic Cople Jaher. Secaucus, 1973.
Riedt, Heinz, Carlo Goldoni. New York, 1974.
Smith, Denis Mack, A History of Sicily: Modern Sicily after 1715. New York, 1968.
Stone, Harold Samuel, Vico’s Cultural History: The Production and Transmission of Ideas in Naples 1685-1750. Leiden, 1997.
Vico, Giambattista, The New Science of Giambattista Vico tr. Thomas Goddard Bergin and Max Harold Fisch. Ithaca, 1970.
White, Andrew Dickson, A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom, 2 volumes. New York, 1896.
Woolf, Stuart, A History of Italy 1700-1860. London, 1979.
Young, G. F., The Medici. New York, 1930.

Austrian Empire and Switzerland

Abbott, John S. C., Austria: Its Rise and Present Power. New York, 1882.
Atkinson, C. T., A History of Germany 1715-1815. Philadelphia, 1908.
Beller,  Steven, A Concise History of Austria. Cambridge, 2006.
Blanning, T. C. W., Joseph II and Enlightened Despotism. London, 1970.
Bonjour, E., H. S. Offler and G. R. Potter, A Short History of Switzerland. Oxford, 1952.
Bonjour, Edgar, Swiss Neutrality: Its History and Meaning tr. Mary Hottinger. London, 1946.
Cartledge, Bryan, The Will to Survive: A History of Hungary. New York, 2011.
Coxe, William, History of the House of Austria from the Foundation of the Monarchy 1218 to 1792, Volumes II-III. London, 1847.
Crankshaw, Edward, The Fall of the House of Habsburg. Middlesex, 1963.
Davenport, Marcia, Mozart. New York, 1956.
Gagliardo, John G., The Holy Roman Empire as Idea and Reality, 1763-1806. Bloomington, 1980.
Henderson, Nicholas, Prince Eugen of Savoy. New York, 1964.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 14: The Germanic Empire ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
History of Hungary, A ed. Peter F. Sugar et al. Bloomington 1990.
Ingrao, Charles W., The Habsburg Monarchy 1618-1815. Cambridge, 2000.
Kann, Robert A., A History of the Habsburg Empire 1526-1918. Berkeley, 1974.
Kann, Robert A. and Zdenek V. David, The Peoples of the Eastern Habsburg Lands, 1526-1918. Seattle, 1984.
Luck, James Murray, A History of Switzerland. Palo Alto, 1985.
Lutzov, Count von and H. A. Piehler, Bohemia: An Historical Sketch. London, 1939.
Mahan, J. Alexander, Maria Theresa of Austria. New York, 1932.
Malcolm, Noel, Kosovo: A Short History. London, 1998.
Oechsli, Wilhelm, History of Switzerland 1499-1914 tr. Eden & Cedar Paul. Cambridge, 1922.
Pestalozzi’s Educational Writings ed. J. A. Green and Frances A. Collie. New York, 1912.
Silber, Kate, Pestalozzi: The Man and his Work. New York, New York,  1973.
Solomon, Maynard, Mozart: A Life. New York, 1995.
Spielman, John P., The City & The Crown: Vienna and the Imperial Court 1600-1740. West Fayette, 1993.
Tapié, Victor-L., The Rise and Fall of the Hapsburg Monarchy tr. Stephen Hardman. New York, 1971.
Vattel, E. de, The Law of Nations or the Principles of Natural Law tr. Charles G. Fenwick. New York, 1964.
Wheatcroft, Andrew, The Hapsburgs: Embodying Empire. London, 1995.


Allison, Henry E., Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary. Oxford, 2011.
Allison, Henry E., Lessing and the Enlightenment: His Philosophy of Religion and Its Relation to Eighteenth-Century Thought. Ann Arbor, 1966.
Altmann, Alexander, Moses Mendelssohn: A Biographical Study. Alabama, 1973.
Arkush, Allan, Moses Mendelssohn and the Enlightenment. Albany, 1994.
Atkinson, C. T., A History of Germany 1715-1815. Philadelphia, 1908.
Barraclough, Geoffrey, The Origins of Modern Germany. London, 1988.
Benecke, G., Society and Politics in Germany 1500-1750. London, 1974.
Blanning, T. C. W., Reform and Revolution in Mainz 1743-1803. Cambridge, 1974.
Boyle, Nicholas, Goethe: The Poet and the Age, Vol. 1: The Poetry of Desire (1749-1790). Oxford, 1991.
Brown, F. Andrew, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. New York, 1971.
Carlyle, Thomas, History of Friedrich II of Prussia, 4 volumes. Boston, 1885.
Carlyle, Thomas, Life of Friedrich Schiller. Boston, 1885.
Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 6 Modern Philosophy Part I The French Enlightenment to Kant. Garden City, 1960.
Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 6 Modern Philosophy Part II Kant. Garden City, 1960.
Croce, Benedetto, Goethe. New York, 1923.
Dill, Marshall Jr., Germany: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1961.
Gagliardo, John G., Germany under the Old Regime, 1600-1790. London, 1991.
Garland, H. B., Schiller. New York, 1950.
Goethe, The Autobiography of Johann Wolfgang von tr. John Oxenford. New York, 1969.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Earl Verse Drama and Prose Plays tr. Robert M. Browning. Princeton, 1988.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Elective Affinities tr. Elizabeth Mayer and Louise Bogan. Chicago, 1963.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Essays on Art and Literature tr. Ellen and Ernest H. von Nardroff. Princeton, 1986.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Goethe’s Plays tr. Charles E. Passage. New York, 1980.
Goethe, Great Writings of ed. Stephen Spender. New York, 1958.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, The Sorrows of Young Werther, Elective Affinities, Novella tr. Victor Lange and Judith Ryan. Princeton, 1988.
Herder, J. G., On Social and Political Culture tr. F. M. Bernard. Cambridge, 1969.
Holborn, Hajo, A History of Modern Germany 1648-1840. Princeton, 1964.
Kant, Immanuel, The Critique of Judgment tr. James Creed Meredith. Chicago, 1952.
Kant, Immanuel, The Critique of Practical Reason and Other Ethical Treatises tr. Thomas Kingsmill Abbott. Chicago, 1952.
Kant, Immanuel, The Critique of Pure Reason tr. J. M. D. Meiklejohn. Chicago, 1952.
Kant, Immanuel, Education tr. Annette Churton. Ann Arbor, 1960.
Kant, Immanuel, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals tr. Lewis White Beck. Indianapolis, 1969.
Kant, Immanuel, Lectures on Ethics tr. Louis Infield. New York, 1963.
Kant, Immanuel, On History tr. Lewis White Beck et al. Indianapolis, 1963.
Kant, Immanuel, Practical Philosophy tr. Mary J. Gregor. Cambridge, 1996.
Körner, S., Kant. Middlesex, 1955.
Kuehn, Manfred, Kant: A Biography. Cambridge, 2001.
Lessing, Laocoön, Nathan the Wise tr. William A. Steel and Minna von Barnhelm tr. Anthony Dent. New York, 1930.
Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim, Nathan the Wise, Minna von Barnhelm, and Other Plays and Writings ed. Peter Demetz. New York, 1991.
Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim, Philosophical and Theological Writings tr. H. B. Nisbet. Cambridge, 2005.
Lichtenberg, Georg Christoph, Aphorisms tr. R. J. Hollingdale. London, 1990.
Ludwig, Emil, Goethe: The History of a Man 1749-1832 tr. Ethel Colburn Mayne. New York, 1928.
Macaulay, Thomas B., Frederick the Great. United States, 1937.
Mendelssohn, Moses, Selections from His Writings tr. Eva Jospe. New York, 1975.
Menzel, Wolfgang, Germany from the Earliest Period, Volume 3 tr. Mrs. George Horrocks. New York, 1899.
Mirabeau, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de, Secret Memoirs of the Court of Berlin. Akron, 1901.
Mitford, Nancy, Frederick the Great. New York, 1970.
Passage, Charles E., Friedrich Schiller. New York, 1975.
Reinhardt, Kurt F., Germany: 2000 Years, Volume 1. New York, 1961.
Ritter, Gerhard, The Sword and the Scepter: The Problem of Militarism in Germany, Volume 1: The Prussian Tradition 1740-1890 tr. Heinz Norden. Princeton Junction, 1969.
Rodes, John E., Germany: a history. New York, 1964.
Schiller, Friedrich, Aesthetic and Philosophical Essays. New York, 1902.
Schiller, Complete Works of Friedrich, 8 volumes. New York, 1902.
Schiller, Friedrich von, Don Carlos tr. Charles E. Passage. New York, 1959.
Schiller, Friedrich von, Don Carlos tr. James Kirkup in The Classic Theatre, Volume Two: Five German Plays. Garden City, 1959.
Schiller, Friedrich, The History of the Revolt of the Netherlands. New York, 1902.
Schiller, Friedrich, Intrigue and Love: A Bourgeois Tragedy tr. Charles E. Passage. New York, 1971.
Schiller, Friedrich, Poet of Freedom, Volume 1. New York, 1985.
Schiller, Friedrich, The Robbers tr. F. J. Lamport. Middlesex, 1979.
Schiller, Friedrich, The Robbers in Early Dramas. New York, 1902.
Schlegel, Johann Elias, On Imitation and Other Essays tr. Edward Allen McCormick. Indianapolis, 1965.
Sheehan, James J., German History 1770-1806. Oxford, 1989.
Stahr, Adolf, The Life and Works of Gotthold Ephraim tr.E. P. Evans, 2 volumes. New York, 1873.
White, Andrew Dickson, Seven Great Statesmen in the Warfare of Humanity with Unreason. New York, 1910.
Williams, John R., The Life of Goethe: A Critical Biography. Oxford, 1998.
Wilson, Peter H., From Reich to Revolution: German History, 1558-1806. London, 2004.
Wolff, Christian, The Law of Nations Treated According to a Scientific Method tr. Joseph H. Drake. Oxford, 1934.


Baker-Smith, Veronica P. M., A Life of Anne of Hanover, Princess Royal. Leiden, 1995.
Blok, Petrus Johannes, History of the People of the Netherlands, Volume 5 tr. Oscar A. Bierstadt and  Ruth Putnam. New York, 1907.
Carter, Alice Clare, The Dutch Republic in Europe in the Seven Years War. Coral Gables, 1971.
Israel, Jonathan, The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477-1806. Oxford, 1995.
Meeüs, Adrien de, History of the Belgians tr. G. Gordon. New York, 1962.
Rowen, Herbert H., The Princes of Orange: The Stadholders in the Dutch Republic. Cambridge, 1988.
Schama, Simon, Patriots and Liberators: Revolution in the Netherlands 1780-1813. New York, 1977.
Van Loon, Hendrik Willem, The Fall of the Dutch Republic. Boston, 1924.
Vlekke, Bernard H. M., Evolution of the  Dutch Nation. New York, 1945.


Andersson, Ingvar, A History of Sweden tr. Carolyn Hannay. London, 1956.
Benz, Ernst, Emanuel Swedenborg: Visionary Savant in the Age of Reason tr. Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke. West Chester, 2002.
Birch, J. H. S., Denmark in History. London, 1938.
Chapman, Hester W., Caroline Matilda: Queen of Denmark 1751-75. London, 1971.
Derry, T. K., A History of Scandinavia. Minneapolis, 1979.
Gjerset, Knut, History of Iceland. New York, 1924.
Gjerset, Knut, History of the Norwegian People. 2 volumes. New York, 1932.
Hatton, R. M., Charles XII of Sweden. New York, 1968.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 16: Scandinavia; Switzerland to 1715 ed. Henry Smith Williams in. London, 1926.
Johannesson, Jon, A History of the Old Icelandic Commonwealth tr. Haraldur Bessason. Manitoba, 1974.
Jutikkala, Eino with Kauko Pirinen, A History of Finland. London, 1962.
Kent, Neil, A Concise History of Sweden. Cambridge, 2008.
Larsen, Karen, A History of Norway. Princeton, 1948.
Lauring, Palle, The Kingdom of Denmark tr. David Hohnen. Copenhagen, 1960.
Nilsson, Victor, Sweden. New York, 1899.
Scott, Franklin D., Sweden: The Nation’s History. Minneapolis, 1977.
Sigstedt, Cyriel Odhner, The Swedenborg Epic: The Life and Works of Emanuel Swedenborg. New York, 1952.
Sorensen, Sigvart, Norway. New York, 1899.
Svanstrom, Ragnar and Carl Fredrik Palmstierna, A Short History of Sweden tr. Joan Bulman. Oxford, 1934.
Swedenborg, Emanuel, Angelic Wisdom concerning Divine Love and the Divine Wisdom tr. John C. Ager. New York, 1851.
Swedenborg, Emanuel, The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem concerning the Lord tr. John Faulkner Potts. New York, 1939.
Swedenborg, Emanuel, Heaven and Hell tr. George F. Dole. New York, 1976.
Swedenborg, Emanuel, The Universal Human and Soul-Body Interaction tr. George F. Dole. New York, 1984.
Synnestvedt, Sig, The Essential Swedenborg: Basic Teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg Scientist, Philosopher, and Theologian. USA, 1970.
Voltaire, History of Charles XII tr. William F. Fleming. Paris, 1901.
Wuorinen, John H., A History of Finland. New York, 1965.

Poland-Lithuania and Russia

Alexander, John T., Catherine the Great: Life and Legend. New York, 1989.
Bain, R. Nisbet, The First Romanovs (1613-1725). New York, 1905.
Bain, R. Nisbet, The Last King of Poland and His Contemporaries. New York, 1909.
Bain, R. Nisbet, Slavonic Europe: A Political History of Poland and Russia from 1447 to 1796. Cambridge, 1908.
Bobrick, Benson, East of the Sun: The Epic Conquest and Tragic History of Siberia. New York, 1992.
Bushkovitch, Paul, Peter the Great: The Struggle for Power, 1671-1725. Cambridge, 2001.
Buzzi, Giancarlo, The Life & Times of Peter the Great tr. Ben Johnson. Philadelphia, 1967.
Cambridge History of Poland from Augustus II to Pilsudski (1697-1935), The ed. W. F. Reddaway et al. London, 1941.
Cambridge History of Russia, Volume 2: Imperial Russia, 1689-1917 ed. Dominic Lieven. Cambridge, 2006.
Catherine I, Empress of Russia, Life as a Grand Duchess. New York, 1901.
Chirovsky, Nicolas L. Fr., A History of the Russian Empire, Volume 1: Grand-ducal Vladimir and Moscow. New York, 1973.
Clarkson, Jesse D., A History of Russia. New York, 1969.
Cronin, Vincent, Catherine: Empress of All the Russias. New York, 1978.
Davies, Norman, God’s Playground: A History of Poland, Volume 1 The Origins to 1795. New York, 1982.
Dixon, Simon, Catherine the Great. Harlow, 2001.
Dukes, Paul, The Making of Russian Absolutism 1613-1801. New York, 1982.
Evtuhov, Catherine et al, A History of Russia: Peoples, Legends, Events, Forces. Boston, 2004.
Fonvizin, Denis, The Political and Legal Writings of tr. Walter Gleason. Ann Arbor, 1985.
Gieysztor, Aleksander et al, History of Poland tr. Krystyna Cekalska et al. Warszawa, 1968.
Gleason, Walter J., Moral Idealists, Bureaucracy, and Catherine the Great. New Brunswick, 1981.
Halecki, O., A History of Poland. New York, 1956.
Imperial Russia: A Source Book, 1700-1917 ed. Basil Dmytryshyn. Hinsdale, 1974.
Imperial Russian History I 1700-1861 ed. Gary M. Hamburg. New York, 1992.
Kamenskii, Aleksandr B., The Russian Empire in the Eighteenth Century: Searching for a Place in the World tr. David Griffiths. New York, 1997.
Kaus, Gina, Catherine: The Portrait of an Empress tr. June Head. New York, 1935.
Kluchevsky, Vasili, Peter the Great tr. Liliana Archibald. New York, 1958.
Kluchevsky, V. O., A History of Russia, Volume 2 tr. C. J. Hogarth. New York, 1912.
Klyuchevsky, Vasili, The Rise of the Romanovs tr. Liliana Archibald. London, 1970.
Lentin, A, Russia in the Eighteenth Century. London, 1973.
Lincoln, W. Bruce, The Romanovs: Autocrats of All the Russias. New York, 1967.
Madariaga, Isabel de, Politics and Culture in Eighteenth-Century Russia. London, 1998.
Massie, Robert K., Catherine the Great: Portrait of a Woman. New York, 2011.
Massie, Robert K., Peter the Great: His Life and World. New York, 1980.
Medieval Russia’s Epics, Chronicles, and Tales tr. Serge A. Zenkovsky. New York, 1963.
Pares, Bernard, A History of Russia. New York, 1953.
Polonsky, Antony, The Jews in Poland and Russia, Volume 1 1350 to 1881. Oxford, 2010.
Rambaud, Alfred, Russia, Volume 2. New York, 1900.
Readings in Russian History from Ancient Times to the Abolition of Serfdom ed. Sidney Harcave. New York, 1962.
Riasanovsky, Nicholas V., A History of Russia. New York, 1969.
Roger, Hans, National Consciousness in Eighteenth-Century Russia. Cambridge, 1960.
Russia: A History ed. Gregory L. Freeze. Oxford, 1997..
Stone, Daniel, The Polish-Lithuanian State, 1386-1795. Seattle, 2001.
Subtelny, Orest, Ukraine: A History. Toronto, 2000.
Sumner, B. H., Peter the Great and the Emergence of Russia. New York, 1962.
Thomson, Gladys Scott, Catherine the Great and the Expansion of Russia. New York, 1947.
Troyat, Henri, Catherine the Great tr. Joan Pinkham. New York, 1980.
Walsh, Warren Bartlett, Russia and the Soviet Union: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1958.
Zamoyski, Adam, The Polish Way: A Thousand-year History of the Poles and their Culture. New York, 1987.

Copyright © 2017 by Sanderson Beck

EUROPE & REASON 1715-1788 has been published as a book.
For ordering information, please click here.

Britain of Georges I-III 1714-88
Wesley, Hume, Johnson, Smith & Pope
British Novels and Plays 1715-88
France of Louis XV and XVI
Montesquieu, Voltaire & Rousseau
French Literature and Theatre 1715-88
Spain, Portugal & Italy 1715-88
Austrian Empire and German States 1715-88
Lessing, Kant, Goethe and Schiller
Netherlands and Scandinavia 1715-88
Poland-Lithuania and Russia 1715-88
Summary and Evaluating Europe 1715-88


Chronology of Europe 1716-1830
World Chronology 1715-1817

BECK index